Visceral Obesity, Metabolic Syndrome, and Esophageal Adenocarcinoma
Esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) represents an exemplar of obesity-associated carcinogenesis, with a progressive increase in EAC risk with increased body mass index. In this context, there is increased focus on visceral adipose tissue and associated metabolic dysfunction, including hypertension, diabetes mellitus and hyperlipidemia, or combinations of these in the metabolic syndrome. Visceral obesity (VO) may promote EAC via both directly impacting on gastro-esophageal reflux disease and Barrett's esophagus, as well as via reflux-independent effects, involving adipokines, growth factors, insulin resistance, and the microbiome. In this review these pathways are explored, including the impact of VO on the tumor microenvironment, and on cancer outcomes. The current evidence-based literature regarding the role of dietary, lifestyle, pharmacologic and surgical interventions to modulate the risk of EAC is explored.
This study aimed to detect patients ’ characteristics who suffered severe and critical COVID-19 pneumonia admitted to the post-acute COVID-19 rehabilitation clinic in Ankara City Hospital, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Hospital and to share our experiences and outcomes of rehabilitation programmes applied. This study was desi gned as a single-centre, retrospective, observational study. Severe and critical COVID-19 patients, admitted to the post-acute COVID-19 rehabilitation clinic, were included in patient-based rehabilitation programmes, targeting neuromuscular and respiratory recovery. Functional status, oxy...
This article focuses on various epigenetic factors involved in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis. Further, various epigenetic therapies that might be successful in inhibiting these epigenetic modifications are summarized. Several therapeutic agents alter the epigenetic modifications occurring in various diseases and many of the epigenetic therapies are under pre-clinical and clinical trial. However, exploring these epigenetic prognostic biomarkers would give a broader perspective and provide more ideas and knowledge regarding the process and pathways through which the diseases occur, and also combining various thera...
Biomedical Engineering Scientific Interest Group(BMESIG) seminar series: Lecture by Dr.Natalie Artzi, Assistant Professor of Medicine, Brigham and Women ’ s Hospital, Harvard Medical School; Principal Research Scientist, MIT; Associate Member, Broad Institute of Harvard and MIT. The power of leveraging the patient ’ s own immune system to fight diseases is increasingly being recognized. This talk will explore medical technologies being developed that harness lessons from biomaterial development for drug delivery systems to those that will reprogram the immune system to generate robust and long-lasting curative ...
ConclusionThis study found that teach-back interventions have positive health outcomes including happiness, uncertainty, self-efficacy, self-management behavior, symptom experience, distress, anxiety, and health literacy among cancer patients. However, it found no effects with regard to drug administration, functional measurements, or satisfaction. Future research should continuously examine the teach-back approach and assess its positive health outcomes for cancer patients.
ConclusionConducting RCTs using a state cannabis program is feasible. The addition of MC to standard oncology care was well-tolerated and may lead to improved pain control and lower opioid requirements. Conducting larger RCTs with MC in state-sponsored programs may guide oncology providers on how to safely and effectively incorporate MC for interested patients.
AbstractThe management of febrile neutropenia (FN) in pediatrics is evolving. Our objective was to describe current practices for the care of patients with FN in pediatric oncology centers in Latin America and identify areas for practice improvement. We used an online survey to enroll eligible healthcare providers who treat children with cancer in Latin America. The survey addressed respondents ’ characteristics, the environment of care, and FN care practices, including risk assessment, criteria for hospitalization, initial management of FN, evaluation, antibiotic administration, and discharge. From 220 surveys sent,...
ConclusionThis study contributes to existing literature in that it found patients who received inpatient rehabilitation services demonstrate significant improvement in their functional status despite reporting CRF upon admission to a long-term acute care hospital oncology unit.
ConclusionsResults suggest that psychological distress and lower HRQoL should be taken into account while promoting a healthy diet in overweight or obese CRC survivors since these factors may hinder adherence to a healthy diet.
ConclusionThe benefits of using antimicrobial prophylaxis were less supported. Enhancing diagnostic laboratory and medical complication surveillance and periodic evaluation of institutional data during post-chemotherapy neutropenia and NF in relation to antimicrobial prophylaxis is promising in providing insights to redefine the risk –benefit accounts of using prophylaxis.
ConclusionThe panel recommends octreotide in non-operable MBO. Randomized trials are needed to clarify ranitidine and antiemetic choices.
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