Polyethylene Components in Primary Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Comprehensive Overview of Fixed Bearing Design Options
J Knee Surg DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-1723981The articular design of a polyethylene insert influences the kinematics and overall function of a total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Standard symmetric posterior-stabilized and cruciate-retaining polyethylene designs have a long track record of high patient satisfaction and longevity in TKA. However, the number and variety of polyethylene inserts and articulations have continued to evolve in an attempt to better replicate native knee kinematics or provide additional constraint. Ultracongruent polyethylene designs have been touted as increasing stability while maintaining the benefits of cruciate-retaining knees. Medial pivot and lateral/dual pivot polyethylene designs were introduced to mimic more normal knee kinematics with regard to femoral rollback. Further, with increasing recognition of knee instability as a cause for persistent symptoms and revision TKA, the utilization of midlevel constraint polyethylene inserts has been increasing, with multiple implant companies offering an insert design with increased constraint for use with a primary femoral component. In this rapidly evolving arena in with a myriad of options available, surgeons should be knowledgeable about the design concepts and their applicable uses for specific patient scenarios. Future research is needed to better understand whether a particular type or design of polyethylene insert and articulation leads to improved patient reported outcomes, improved replication of knee k...
CONCLUSION: Prevalence of antibiotic use was high not only versus other hospitals in the region but globally including Africa, coupled with significant evidence of sub-optimal prescribing. Swift action is needed to improve future prescribing to reduce AMR. One or two areas should initially be targeted for quality improvement including development of local guidelines, documentation of antibiotic indications and/or stop/review dates. PMID: 33034234 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Rombauts A, Abelenda-Alonso G, Cuervo G, Gudiol C, Carratalà J Abstract INTRODUCTION: Despite adequate antibiotic coverage, community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) remains a leading cause of hospitalization and mortality worldwide. It induces both a local pulmonary and a systemic inflammatory response, particularly significant in severe cases. The intensity of the dysregulated host response varies from patient to patient and has a negative impact on survival and other outcomes. AREAS COVERED: This comprehensive review summarizes the pathophysiological aspects of the inflammatory response in CAP, brie...
Authors: Hammerschlag MR, Sharma R Abstract INTRODUCTION: Azithromycin was recommended as the first-line therapeutic regimen for treatment of genital infections in men and women by the Centers for Disease Control in 1998. A series of studies of azithromycin for treatment of rectal chlamydial infection in men who have sex with men (MSM) found that azithromycin was significantly less effective than doxycycline. AREAS COVERED: Literature on treatment of rectal C. trachomatis from 2000 through May 2020 was searched using PubMed. Retrospective and observational studies were identified documenting the frequency and t...
Authors: Reissier S, Cattoir V Abstract INTRODUCTION: Streptogramins (pristinamycin and quinupristin-dalfopristin) can be interesting options for the treatment of infections due to Gram-positive cocci, especially multidrug-resistant isolates. AREAS COVERED: This review provides an updated overview on structural and activity characteristics, mechanisms of action and resistance, pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic and clinical use of streptogramins. EXPERT OPINION: The streptogramin antibiotics act by inhibition of the bacterial protein synthesis. They are composed of two chemically distinct compounds, namely typ...
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