To end HIV epidemic, we must address health disparities

Expert report cites unequal progress in Southern U.S. and among marginalized groups
Source: NIDA News - Category: Addiction Tags: African Americans, News Release, Health Disparities, Hispanics or Latinos, LGBT Populations, NIDAMED News, Researchers, Treatment Research, Prevention Research, HIV or AIDS Source Type: news

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On a morning Zoom call, a group of Canadian mothers give their full attention to a young man from the Drug User Liberation Front. At 26, Jeremy Kalicum is the age some of their kids would be if they had not died of accidental overdoses. “We’re just sick of it. We’re sick of our friends dying.”Kalicum’s tone is urgent as he walks the moms through a PowerPoint presentation explaining why the Liberation Front, known as DULF, wants to protest on International Overdose Awareness Day and hand out illicit drugs. These wouldn’t be the kind that killed their sons and daughters, he assures them; t...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized feature nationpod photography Source Type: news
We describe model structure, data sources required, and the scope of possible inferences, highlighting similarities and differences in formulation, implementation, and interpretation of different modeling approaches. We also indicate further needed research on representing and quantifying the effect of SDOH in the context of models for HIV and other health outcomes in recognition of the critical role of SDOH in achieving the goal of ending the HIV epidemic and improving overall population health.
Source: AIDS and Behavior - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
AbstractStigma remains a pervasive barrier to Ending the HIV Epidemic (EHE) in New York City (NYC). As part of an EHE implementation science planning process, we mapped multi-level HIV-related stigma-reduction activities, assessed their evidence base, and characterized barriers and facilitators. We interviewed and surveyed a convenience sample of 27 HIV prevention and/or treatment services organizations in NYC, March-August, 2020, using an embedded mixed-methods design. The greatest facilitators of stigma reduction included integration of health services, hiring staff who represent the community, and trainings. Intersectin...
Source: AIDS and Behavior - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
SLEEP deprivation has become a global epidemic, with up to 30 percent of people in developed countries suffering from chronic insomnia. While many resort to medication to fix their sleep woes, certain DIY techniques have also proven successful aids in the past. One method put forward by a professor, could induce sleep in less time than it takes to eat a bowl of cereal.
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Healthy sexual behavior is critical for controlling the HIV/AIDS epidemic among university students, particularly in regions with increasing infection rates among university students in China.
Source: BMC Public Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
ConclusionsDespite a good antiretroviral coverage, HIV infection is still diagnosed late in our country. The emphasis must be on the promotion of voluntary testing mainly among groups at high risk of infection.Key messagesMore active offer of HIV testing, by general practitioners, should play a crucial role in the early identification of HIV infections.Strategies such as use of preexposure prophylaxis should be developed to prevent HIV transmission among MSM.
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionsDCT adoption still faces several cultural, normative and technical barriers, ranging from adoption mandates to privacy issues, to device compatibility. Overall, scant evidence is available on the impact of DCT in controlling infection spread and wide heterogeneity persists within studies in term of design and assessed outcomes Future research is needed based on shared evaluation frameworks.Key messagesDigital contact tracing apps are a powerful but underestimated tool to counter epidemiological emergencies.Future epidemiological challenges will require a shared implementation and evaluation protocol for digital ...
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe new targets for 2025 build on the progress made since 2010 and represent ambitious short-term goals. Achieving these targets would bring us close to the goals of reducing new HIV infections and AIDS-related deaths by 90% between 2010 and 2030. By 2025, global new infections and AIDS deaths would drop to 4.4 and 3.9 per 100,000 population, and the number of people living with HIV (PLHIV) would be declining. There would be 32 million people on treatment, and they would need continuing support for their lifetime. Incidence for the total global population would be below 0.15% everywhere. The number of PLHIV woul...
Source: PLoS Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion: The Treat All strategy contributed positively to decreases in new HIV infections, mortality and costs. If significant improvements in differentiated service delivery, increases in human resources and HIV prevention can be realised, Botswana could become one of the first countries with a previously high-burdened generalised HIV epidemic to gain epidemic control, despite the demands of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Source: Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine - Category: African Health Authors: Source Type: research
This study includes an analysis of 555 HIV-positive individuals. The study population was equally represented by men and women aged 1–72 years. Heterosexual transmission was the most frequent, followed by nosocomial infection. Men were more likely to acquire HIV-1 during injection drug use and while getting clinical services, while women were more likely to be infected through sexual contacts (p
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
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