Hearing impairment and tinnitus: prevalence, risk factors, and outcomes in US service members and veterans deployed to the Iraq and Afghanistan Wars - Theodoroff SM, Lewis MS, Folmer RL, Henry JA, Carlson KF.

Hearing loss and tinnitus are the 2 most prevalent service-connected disabilities among veterans in the United States. Veterans of Operations Enduring Freedom, Iraqi Freedom, and New Dawn have been exposed to multiple hazards associated with these conditio...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - Category: Global & Universal Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

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This study used an operant conditioning animal model to examine the interaction between tinnitus and auditory vigilant attention as well as auditory selective attention. Tinnitus was induced in 90-day-old rats by a unilateral exposure to band-limited noise (120 dB, SPL). Tinnitus testing began 90 days following exposure; afterward animals were divided into 3 groups: Unexposed controls without tinnitus, Exposed without tinnitus, and Exposed with tinnitus. Tinnitus was evident in the vicinity of 20 kHz. Vigilant attention was quantified by the behavioral (operant) response to unpredictable sound transitions signaling changes...
Source: Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 October 2018Source: Journal of Clinical NeuroscienceAuthor(s): Aaron E. Miller, Xianhao Xu, Richard Macdonell, Steve Vucic, Philippe Truffinet, Myriam Benamor, Karthinathan Thangavelu, Mark S. FreedmanAbstractIn the phase 3 TOWER (NCT00751881) study, teriflunomide 14 mg significantly reduced annualized relapse rate (ARR) and risk of 12-week confirmed disability worsening (12-w CDW) vs placebo in patients with relapsing forms of MS (RMS). The TOWER population included an appreciable proportion of Asian patients. Reductions in ARR and 12-w CDW associated with teriflunomide 14 mg were...
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Subjects with sABI showed vitamin D deficiency that might correlate to disability severity. The reason is unclear and might represent a secondary phenomenon resulting from the inflammatory process. PMID: 30339483 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Brain Injury - Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe results showed that the WHOQOL-BREF has sound psychometric properties and can be used to measure QOL in Singapore.
Source: Quality of Life Research - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
Authors: Girsch W, Arora R, Baur EM, Gabl M, Hager D, Hintringer T, Kamolz LP, Koller R, Krasny C, Leixnering M, Lick-Schiffer W, Rab M, Schlenz I, Wechselberger G, Weigel G, Zadra A, Zimmermann R Abstract Dupuytren's contracture (DC) or Dupuytren's disease (DD) is a progressive fibro-proliferative disease of palmoplantar connective tissue, resulting in characteristic nodal and/or cord formation from collagen disposition. When the disease progresses, the thickening and shortening of the cords eventually leads the affected fingers to being pulled into flexion, which may be associated with marked disability, especial...
Source: Handchirurgie Mikrochirurgie Plastische Chirurgie - Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Handchir Mikrochir Plast Chir Source Type: research
Conclusions: Further exploration of the views of those who have experienced inclusion would further challenge existing practices. Moreover, the training and preparation of teachers is key to reforming schools. However, wider social values and beliefs towards disabilities also need to change.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
AbstractClinical outcomes in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) were assessed by baseline symptom duration in the Assessing Very Early Rheumatoid arthritis Treatment trial (ClinicalTrials.gov; NCT01142726). Patients with early, active RA were randomized to subcutaneous (SC) abatacept 125  mg/week plus methotrexate (MTX), SC abatacept alone, or MTX monotherapy for 12 months. All RA treatments were withdrawn after 12 months in patients with Disease Activity Score in 28 joints (C-reactive protein; DAS28-CRP)   6 months) and treatment group. No clinically significant differences were seen in basel...
Source: Rheumatology International - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
Chronic pain affects 100 million Americans and is the most common cause of long-term disability. Long-term use of pain medications has significant risks, and chronic pain is a major contributor to opioid overuse. NeuroMetrix hopes to offer effective,...
Source: Medgadget - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Exclusive Medicine Neurology OTC Pain Management Rehab Sports Medicine Source Type: blogs
Adults with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) given a choice between sertraline or prolonged exposure therapy opted for prolonged exposure almost two to one; and while both treatments conferred significant benefits, prolonged exposure provided some advantage over sertraline, reports astudy published today inAJP in Advance.The study aimed to determine whether giving patients diagnosed with PTSD their choice of treatment would affect patient outcomes, wrote Lori A. Zoellner, Ph.D., of the Department of Psychology at the University of Washington and colleagues. According to the authors, the study was the first large-scale ...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: ajp in advance exposure therapy Lori A. Zoellner patient preference posttraumatic stress disorder PTSD sertraline Source Type: research
If the Democrats take the House, they ’ll impeach Justice Kavanaugh, President Trump warned at a mass rally in Iowa last week. “Impeach, for what? For what?” Trump demanded. For perjury, most likely: “If we find lies about assault against women,”says Rep. Luis Gutierrez (D.-Ill.) one of several House Judiciary Committee members calling for renewed investigation, “then we should proceed to impeach.” I ’m not the newly-minted Justice’s biggest fan. From the start, I thought Kavanaugh was a lousy pick for the Court: weak onthe Fourth Amendment and unreasonably fond of...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - Category: American Health Authors: Source Type: blogs
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