Large and Small Cerebral Vessel Involvement in Severe COVID-19 Large and Small Cerebral Vessel Involvement in Severe COVID-19

This case series details the neurological workups of 8 patients with severe COVID-19 pneumonia with subsequent neurological complications.Stroke
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery Journal Article Source Type: news

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This review of current literature provides background to the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as an examination of potential pathophysiologic mechanisms behind development of thrombosis and ischemic stroke related to COVID-19. SARS-CoV-2 infection is well-documented to cause severe pneumonia, however, thrombosis and thrombotic complications, such as ischemic stroke, have also been documented in a variety of patient demographics. SARS-CoV-2 infection is known to cause a significant inflammatory response, as well as invasion of vascular endothelial cells, resulting in endothelial dysfunction.
Source: The American Journal of Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
This review of current literature provides background to the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as an examination of potential pathophysiologic mechanisms behind development of thrombosis and ischemic stroke related to COVID-19. SARS-CoV-2 infection is well-documented to cause severe pneumonia, however, thrombosis and thrombotic complications, such as ischemic stroke, have also been documented in a variety of patient demographics. SARS-CoV-2 infection is known to cause a significant inflammatory response, as well as invasion of vascular endothelial cells, resulting in endothelial dysfunction.
Source: The American Journal of Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
We present a patient with COVID-19 pneumonia who was managed with unfractionated heparin (UFH) infusion and developed a large ischemic infarct shortly after cessation of the infusion. In retrospect, the patient's coagulation parameters were consistent with overt DIC, although some of these parameters are easily masked by the effects of UFH. These findings emphasize the importance of anticoagulation as well as its careful discontinuation, as failure to do so may result in a significant thromboembolic event.
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
EchoNous, a developer of novel ultrasounds, has found a way to leverage multiple critical clinical technologies within a single device. The result is KOSMOS, a handheld 3-in-1 device consisting of an ultrasound, electronic stethoscope, and an ECG, al...
Source: Medgadget - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Cardiology Critical Care Diagnostics Exclusive Informatics Medicine Public Health Source Type: blogs
SARS-CoV-2 is transmitted by droplets and likely aerosols. The median incubation period is about 5-6 days (range 1-14 days)1 and the median age at confirmed infection in Germany is 49 years. Typical symptoms include fever, cough, anosmia, ageusia, and pneumonia. The mortality rate of COVID-19 is higher among elderly and among ethnicities other than Caucasians. Furthermore, a markedly higher mortality rate has been observed for several comorbidities including obesity class II (BMI 35 •0-39•9 kg/m2) and III (BMI 40•0+ kg/m2), uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, malignancies in the previous year, severely reduced g...
Source: Journal of Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
Machine-learning models that assess both peritumoral and intratumoral radiomics...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: PET radiomics tailor head/neck cancer treatment CT radiomics can predict COVID-19 pneumonia outcomes AI, radiomics can predict stroke treatment success Can radiomics improve CT lung cancer screening? AI can predict if COVID-19 patients will need ventilators
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news
ConclusionAcutely altered mental status might be the main manifestation of multiple brain infarctions in critically ill COVID-19 patients. It should be specially considered in those with suspected COVID-19-associated coagulopathy. Full-dose anticoagulation and clinical-radiological monitoring might reduce their neurological consequences.
Source: Neurological Sciences - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
In this study, we examined the relationship between fasting blood glucose (FBG) and 28-day mortality in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients not previously diagnosed as having diabetes.MethodsWe conducted a retrospective study involving all consecutive COVID-19 patients with a definitive 28-day outcome and FBG measurement at admission from 24 January 2020 to 10 February 2020 in two hospitals based in Wuhan, China. Demographic and clinical data, 28-day outcomes, in-hospital complications and CRB-65 scores of COVID-19 patients in the two hospitals were analysed. CRB-65 is an effective measure for assessing the severi...
Source: Diabetologia - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
We report that electrical stimulation (ES) stimulation of post-stroke aged rats led to an improved functional recovery of spatial long-term memory (T-maze), but not on the rotating pole or the inclined plane, both tests requiring complex sensorimotor skills. Surprisingly, ES had a detrimental effect on the asymmetric sensorimotor deficit. Histologically, there was a robust increase in the number of doublecortin-positive cells in the dentate gyrus and SVZ of the infarcted hemisphere and the presence of a considerable number of neurons expressing tubulin beta III in the infarcted area. Among the genes that were unique...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Objectives: Our study aims to explore the differential impact of this pandemic on clinical presentations and outcomes in African Americans (AAs) compared to white patients. Background: AAs have worse outcomes compared to whites while facing heart diseases, stroke, cancer, asthma, influenza and pneumonia, diabetes, and HIV/AIDS. However, there is no current study to show the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on the AA communities. Methods: This is a retrospective study that included patients with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 from 2 tertiary centers in New Orleans, LA. Clinical and laboratory data were collected. Multivar...
Source: Annals of Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: COVID PAPERS Source Type: research
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