Echocardiographic epicardial adipose tissue measurements provide information about cardiovascular risk in hemodialysis patients

Abstract Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is a cardiovascular risk predictor in general population. However, its value has not been well validated in maintainance hemodialysis (MHD) patients. We aimed to assess associations of EAT with cardiovascular risk predictors in nondiabetic MHD patients. In this cross‐sectional study, we measured EAT thickness by transthoracic echocardiography in 50 MHD patients (45.8 ± 14.6 years of age, 37 male). Antropometric measurements, bioimpedance analysis, left ventricular (LV) mass, carotis intima media thickness, blood tests, homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA‐IR) and hemodialysis dose by single‐pool urea clearence index (spKt/V) were determined. The mean EAT thickness was 3.28 ± 1.04 mm. There were significant associations of EAT with body mass index (β = 0.590, P 
Source: Hemodialysis International - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

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ConclusionThe TCPP levels were significantly decreased after switching CC to LC. Non-calcium-containing phosphate binders may be preferable for lowering CPP levels.
Source: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Abstract Background: To investigate the association between insulin resistance (IR) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risks among hemodialysis patients. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study between 2013 and 2017, on 384 hemodialysis patients from seven hospital-based-dialysis centers. HOMA-IR is classified according to median value. The CVD risks were defined by the K/DOQI Guidelines. Logistic regression analysis was used. Results: Patients' age was 60.9 ± 11.8, 58.1% men, and 40.3% overweight/obese. The median of HOMA-IR was 5.4, 82.8% high systolic blood pressure, and 85.7% hyperhomocyst...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Aerobic, resistance, and combined training during hemodialysis, as well as FES and IMT, demonstrated to be effective for the treatment of the patient with ESRD. Our data should be interpreted in light of the unclear risk of bias of most evaluated articles and the low to very low certainty of evidence for evaluated outcomes. PROSPERO REGISTRATION ID: CRD42017081338. DATA SHARING REPOSITORY: https://osf.io/fpj54/. PMID: 31865607 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: J Nephrol Source Type: research
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) increases the risks of cardiovascular disease and death in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Previous studies of risk factors for RLS in HD patients have yielded varying results. We attempted to identify risk factors for RLS in HD patients in Taiwan. This case–control study recruited 59 HD patients with RLS and 353 HD patients without RLS from the largest HD center in Taiwan during the period from April 1, 2015 through August 31, 2015. Demographic and disease characteristics, information from the International Restless Legs Syndrome Study Group (IRLSSG) diagnostic questionnaire, and IRLSSG Sev...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
Conclusion: Hemodialysis can affect various ocular parameters including SFCT, RAC and RVC, which changed significantly following hemodialysis. Whereas BCVA, IOP and CMT did not change after hemodialysis in ESRD patients. The systemic compensatory mechanisms of the changes in SBP, DBP, body weight following hemodialysis need further study. PMID: 31269848 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Renal Failure - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Ren Fail Source Type: research
​BY HABIR MANDAIR; KEYUR KURANI; &KHALID MALIK, MDA 62-year-old obese woman with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) who was on hemodialysis, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and chronically elevated serum calcium levels presented to the ED with altered mental status. Nursing home staff stated that she was unable to answer questions coherently and seemed confused.Her vitals were within normal limits except for a body temperature of 99.9°F. Several necrotic lesions of various sizes were found on her left and right buttocks and the medial aspects of both thighs. The patient also had severe necrosis of the third finger o...
Source: The Case Files - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Blog Posts Source Type: research
This study aimed to evaluate the effect of high-dose Omega 3 on lipid profile and inflammatory markers in ESRD children on chronic HD. This clinical trial was conducted on 49 ESRD children on chronic HD selected from pediatric HD unit of Menoufia University Hospital. The study was conducted for a period of three months. The selected children were supplemented with 2000-mg Omega 3 tablets daily; lipid profile and inflammatory markers were assessed at the beginning and at the end of the study. Supplementation with high-dose Omega 3 resulted in a highly statistically significant decrease in total cholesterol, triglyceride, lo...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose It has been suggested that advanced glycation end products (AGEs) are involved in atherogenesis, vascular calcification and remodeling, including neointimal hyperplasia, in renal and non-renal patients. Their relevance for arteriovenous fistula (AVF) function has been poorly studied to date, with only one clinical study addressing the issue of thrombosis of vascular access in relation to AGEs in dialysis patients. We aimed to evaluate the relationship between serum pentosidine and AVF morphology and function.MethodsEighty-eighth hemodialysis patients with patent native AVF were included. Ultrasound examin...
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
In conclusion, H. pylori eradication may improve nutrition status by increasing serum cholinesterase and cholesterol levels in hemodialysis patients, especially those with mild and moderate gastric mucosal atrophy. PMID: 30705518 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Tags: J Clin Biochem Nutr Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: There is not enough evidence to restrict convective transport in diabetic patients on OL-HDF due to the glucose content of the replacement fluid. PMID: 30467078 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Nefrologia : publicacion oficial de la Sociedad Espanola Nefrologia - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Nefrologia Source Type: research
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