National Decline in Knee Fusions Performed for Salvage of Chronic Periprosthetic Total Knee Infections
J Knee Surg DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1721126The primary purpose of this study was to study and compare rates of two salvage operations for patients with chronically infected total knee arthroplasties: (1) knee arthrodesis and (2) above knee amputation (AKA). An analysis was performed comparing the inpatient hospital characteristics and complications between the two procedures. Secondarily, we presented rates of all surgically treated periprosthetic total knee infections over a 6-year period. Using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample, we identified all patients with a periprosthetic infection (International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision [ICD-9] 996.66) from 2009 to 2014. Subsequently, we identified surgically treated total knee infections through the following ICD-9 codes: 00.80 (all component revision), 00.84 (liner exchange), 80.06 (removal of prosthesis), 84.17 (AKA), and 81.22 (knee fusion). From 2009 to 2014, the annual incidence of surgically treated total knee periprosthetic infections increased by 34.9% nationally, while the annual incidence of primary total knees increased by only 13.9%. Salvage operations (AKA and knee fusion) represented 5.8% of all surgically treated infections. The rate of knee fusions decreased from 1.9% of surgically treated infections in 2009 to 1.4% in 2014 (p
CONCLUSION: Prevalence of antibiotic use was high not only versus other hospitals in the region but globally including Africa, coupled with significant evidence of sub-optimal prescribing. Swift action is needed to improve future prescribing to reduce AMR. One or two areas should initially be targeted for quality improvement including development of local guidelines, documentation of antibiotic indications and/or stop/review dates. PMID: 33034234 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Rombauts A, Abelenda-Alonso G, Cuervo G, Gudiol C, Carratalà J Abstract INTRODUCTION: Despite adequate antibiotic coverage, community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) remains a leading cause of hospitalization and mortality worldwide. It induces both a local pulmonary and a systemic inflammatory response, particularly significant in severe cases. The intensity of the dysregulated host response varies from patient to patient and has a negative impact on survival and other outcomes. AREAS COVERED: This comprehensive review summarizes the pathophysiological aspects of the inflammatory response in CAP, brie...
Authors: Hammerschlag MR, Sharma R Abstract INTRODUCTION: Azithromycin was recommended as the first-line therapeutic regimen for treatment of genital infections in men and women by the Centers for Disease Control in 1998. A series of studies of azithromycin for treatment of rectal chlamydial infection in men who have sex with men (MSM) found that azithromycin was significantly less effective than doxycycline. AREAS COVERED: Literature on treatment of rectal C. trachomatis from 2000 through May 2020 was searched using PubMed. Retrospective and observational studies were identified documenting the frequency and t...
Authors: Reissier S, Cattoir V Abstract INTRODUCTION: Streptogramins (pristinamycin and quinupristin-dalfopristin) can be interesting options for the treatment of infections due to Gram-positive cocci, especially multidrug-resistant isolates. AREAS COVERED: This review provides an updated overview on structural and activity characteristics, mechanisms of action and resistance, pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic and clinical use of streptogramins. EXPERT OPINION: The streptogramin antibiotics act by inhibition of the bacterial protein synthesis. They are composed of two chemically distinct compounds, namely typ...
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