Against the mind/brain by Fred Cummins
Guest post from Fred Cummins in response to a tweet exchange.----------------------------------------This is a letter to Greg Hickok in response to some recent tweet exchanges that immediately seemed to raise issues that are not resolvable in 140 character snippets. I'm including Andrew Wilson and Sabrina Golonka from Leeds, and Marek McGann from Limerick in the distribution, as I believe we might all have interesting perspectives on the issues at stake.Let's start with this heartfelt tweet from Greg, which I hope represents common ground among all of us:I wonder how much the pace of science would quicken if we could just understand what the f. each other are trying to say. (Origin: @GregoryHickok)I might have some reservations about the use of "pace", which suggests a simple linear progressive course from ignorance into certainty, to be delivered by science, but the sentiment that we are talking past each other, and that this is not in any of our interests, motivates this reply.Then, to start the discussion, here is a sequence of three further tweets (concatenated) by Greg which triggered this response:Embody: 'To give a concrete form to what is abstract' (OED). In the brain, concrete form = neural codes (firing patterns, etc). An embodied mental concept then just means a concept defined by neural codes. Embodied cognition therefore targets the same question as standard cognitive neuroscience: how does the brain code information?And one further attempt by Greg...
This JAMA Patient Page describes cryptosporidiosis, its symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention methods.
Conclusion: Improvement in survival and reduction in complications were substantial after allogeneic transplant. Relapse of cancer remains the largest obstacle to better survival outcomes. Primary Funding Source: National Institutes of Health. PMID: 31958813 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
This study confirms that hepatitis E is the leading cause of acute jaundice, leads to hospitalizations in all regions in Bangladesh, occurs throughout the year, and is associated with considerable morbidity and mortal ity. Effective control measures should be taken to reduce the risk of HEV infections including improvements in water quality, sanitation and hygiene practices and the introduction of HEV vaccine to high-risk groups.
ConclusionA high index of suspicion is essential for early diagnosis and intervention to improve the clinical outcome. In difficult ERCP, performing a post-procedural fluoroscopy study with contrast injection is essential.
Some recent things to know about...StatisticsKey performance indicator (KPI) data reports for NHS population screening programmes for financial year 2018 to 2019(Public Health England)Includes antenatal and newborn screening.Maternity statistics monthly statistics (NHS Digital)NICE consultationsNICE are consulting on jaundice in newborn babies under 28 days, to see if Clinical Guideline CG98 needs updating.Acknowledgements: King's Fund Library Health Management and Policy Alert; Embed Health Consortium Health Bulletin.
Conclusion: Mothers have poor sensitivity and PPV to detect significant neonatal jaundice in the Indian population.
Conclusions: Simultaneous use of screening model and rapid test gave NRI 81.25% and sequential use of confirmatory test gave NRI 47.18% compared to corresponding parts of the modified Faine's criteria.
This study aimed to explore the risk factors for post-EST delayed hemorrhage and suggest some precautionary measures.MethodsThis study analyzed 8477 patients who successfully underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and EST between January 2007 and June 2015 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to find the risk factors for delayed hemorrhage after EST.ResultsOf the 8477 patients screened, 137 (1.62%) experienced delayed hemorrhage. Univariate analysis showed that male, the severity of jaundice, duodenal papillary adenoma and carc...
Abstract The Sustainable Development Goal 6 (SDG #6) of the United Nations (UN) is hinged on the provision, availability, and sustainability of water for the global populace by 2030. In a bid to achieve this goal, the quest to seek for ubiquitous and low-cost adsorbents to treat effluents laden with industrial dyes, such as methylene blue (MB), is on the increase in recent years. Acute exposure of humans to (MB) dye causes cyanosis, necrosis, and jaundice and even leads to death. In this research, zinc-modified hybrid clay composite adsorbent (materials from kaolinite and biomass (crushed Carica papaya seeds ...