Study: To help children with ADHD improve academic performance, combine medication AND behavioral treatment

. Academic problems are extremely common in children with ADHD and often the issue that leads to referral for an ADHD evaluation. Unfortunately, the significant academic struggles that many children with ADHD experience can undermine their long-term success in areas that extend far beyond formal schooling. Given these facts, an important question is whether long-term academic functioning in youth with ADHD improves with treatment? Because this is such a fundamentally important question, and ADHD is the most well-researched mental health condition in children, one might think that the answer is clearly established. For a variety of reasons — perhaps the most important of which is the inherent difficulty of conducting long-term treatment studies — this is not the case. Prior studies have looked at academic outcomes in 2 different ways — academic achievement and academic performance. Achievement refers to the information and skills that children acquire and is typically measured by standardized academic achievement tests. Academic performance focuses on direct measures of success at school such as grades, grade retention, high school graduation, and college enrollment. Thus, achievement measures focus on what children demonstrate they have learned on a one-time test. Performance measures, in contrast, reflect how children actually perform in school over an extended period. Both types of outcomes are compromised in children with ADHD. The impact of ADHD treatmen...
Source: SharpBrains - Category: Neurologists Authors: Tags: Attention and ADD/ADHD Cognitive Neuroscience Education & Lifelong Learning academic-performance. ADHD medication treatment ADHD-Treatment behavioral-treatment mental health condition Mental-Health multimodal treatment Source Type: blogs

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Authors: Childress A, Hoo-Cardiel A, Lang P Abstract Introduction: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) commonly occurs in children, adolescents, and adults. Although symptoms of ADHD often respond robustly to treatment with stimulants (amphetamine or methylphenidate), not all patients are appropriate candidates for treatment with these drugs. Guanfacine extended-release (GXR) is a non-stimulant alternative drug approved for the treatment of ADHD in the United States (U.S.), Canada, and Europe.Areas covered: The chemistry, pharmacokinetics, mechanism of action and dosage of GXR are presented. Efficacy an...
Source: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Opin Pharmacother Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 23 January 2020Source: The LancetAuthor(s): Jonathan Posner, Guilherme V Polanczyk, Edmund Sonuga-BarkeSummaryAttention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), like other psychiatric disorders, represents an evolving construct that has been refined and developed over the past several decades in response to research into its clinical nature and structure. The clinical presentation and course of the disorder have been extensively characterised. Efficacious medication-based treatments are available and widely used, often alongside complementary psychosocial approaches. However, their effectiv...
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
This study examines neurocognitive outcomes of children with IF at ages 4 to 8 years treated at a single centre, along with relevant medical and demographic variables. Methods: Between 2012 and 2016, neurocognitive assessments were administered to 28 children receiving treatment in our IF rehabilitation program, and included measures of intelligence, academics, learning/memory, language, visual-motor integration, and fine-motor dexterity. DSM-IV/V criteria were used to diagnose Learning Disability, Intellectual Disability, and/or Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. Results: Intellectual functioning ranged from ...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Articles: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Publication date: April 2020Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, Volume 72Author(s): Daniel E. Lidstone, Faria Z. Miah, Brach Poston, Julie F. Beasley, Janet S. DufekAbstractBackgroundPostural control deficits are commonly reported in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). However, identification of specific postural sway features that differentiate ASD from other neurodevelopmental disorders has not been examined. The current study employs a cross-syndrome approach by comparing postural sway area and direction-specific features of sway magnitude, sway velocity, and sway complexity between children with AS...
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
In the article “Debate: Are Stimulant Medications for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Effective in the Long Term? (For),” by David Coghill, published in the October 2019 issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (2019;58:938-939), Dr. Coghill’s affiliation was listed incorrectly. The affiliation within the shaded box preceding the article should have appeared as follows: For: Prof. David Coghill (Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences, University of Melbourne, Australia; the Murdoch Children’s Research Institute, Melbourne, Australia; a...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Correction Source Type: research
Condition:   ADHD Interventions:   Other: Parent-administered TCM pediatric massage training;   Other: Progressive Muscle Relaxation Exercise Sponsor:   The Hong Kong Polytechnic University Not yet recruiting
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Condition:   Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders Intervention:   Behavioral: Behavioral Parent Training (MATCH Protocol) Sponsor:   New York University Not yet recruiting
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
I am currently in my senior year of undergrad, and i honestly don't know what my chances of getting into a mid-tier medical school is since my scores are kinda low average. I personally feel i am a little different because im ADHD and Dyslexic and coupled with my experience as a whole. Currently, i have a 3.4 overall GPA scored a 505 on the MCAT The second author on Triple-negative Metaplastic Breast Cancer research paper. I work full time as a Regional Representative for a hemp company... WAMC since i am a not a normal case?
Source: Student Doctor Network - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: What Are My Chances? WAMC Medical Source Type: forums
ConclusionsOur results indicate the prevalence of multiple comorbidities varies across the lifespan in DS, and in adults, rates for psychiatric comorbidities show different patterns for males and females relative to expected population rates. Further, most health comorbidities are not associated with poorer cognitive outcomes in DS, apart from autism and epilepsy. It is essential for clinicians to consider such differences to provide appropriate care and treatment for those with DS and to provide prognostic information relating to cognitive outcomes in those with comorbidities.
Source: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundThe aims of the study were to determine the effects of electronic exposure on behaviors of preschoolers, which could provide scientific grounds to the control of digital screen time and usage of electronics.MethodsChildren of 3 –6 years of age (n = 1897) and their families were included in this study. The daily screen time were recorded for seven days. Children were grouped based on daily screen time of  60 min. Socio-demographic characteristics of the children were acquired by parental questionnaires. Analyses were made based on the CBCL/1.5–5 results. Chi-s...
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
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