Reverse psychology: How bad managers inspire team camaraderie

An unfair, uncaring manager makes for an uncertain working life, one characterised by stress, absenteeism and poor performance. But new research suggests a silver lining: when the boss is unjust, team members come together.A multi-institution collaboration led by Adam Stoverink presented teams of students with an awkward event. The students thought they’d been recruited to solve tasks for a cash prize, but they were left twiddling their thumbs while waiting for an assigned supervisor to show up. When he eventually did, he gave a sincere apology to half of the groups, but the rest were fobbed off with a shrug, as he explained, "clearly my time is more important than yours." Post-experiment, participants who were fobbed off rated their supervisor poorly, but also expressed feeling closer to their team-mates.The evidence suggests the participants were seeking to relieve cognitive dissonance, the discomfort caused by an ambiguous situation that doesn't line up with their beliefs. One way to do this is to seek solidarity with others in the same position. This was characterised as “misery doesn’t just love any kind of company, it loves only miserable company” by eminent social psychologist Stanley Schachter on the back of his classic experiment, where people who had volunteered for an electric shock of unknown severity unanimously chose to wait in a room with others sharing their fate, rather than people who didn't. In the current study, ambiguity ...
Source: BPS RESEARCH DIGEST - Category: Psychiatrists and Psychologists Authors: Source Type: blogs

Related Links:

ConclusionThe somatotopy of the hand fascicles in relation to the foot fascicles was anterolateral in patients and volunteers at superior levels but anteromedial in volunteers and mostly anterior in patients at inferior levels. The lip and tongue fascicles generally overlapped. Intracranial tumours displaced the motor fascicles without affecting their relative somatotopy.
Source: NeuroImage: Clinical - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
This study investigates the feasibility of employing electrical impedance tomography (EIT) as a non-invasive imaging tool for monitoring the development of cerebral edema, in which impedance imaging of the brain related to brain water content is compared with intracranial pressure (ICP). We enrolled forty patients with cerebral hemorrhage who underwent lateral external ventricular drain with intraventricular ICP and EIT monitoring for 3 h after initiation of dehydration treatment. The average reconstructed impedance value (ARV) calculated from EIT images was compared with ICP. Dehydration effects induced changes in ARV a...
Source: NeuroImage: Clinical - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 25 June 2019Source: European Journal of RadiologyAuthor(s): Ying Yuan, Jiliang Ren, Yiqian Shi, Xiaofeng TaoAbstractPurposeTo develop magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based radiomic signature and nomogram for preoperatively predicting prognosis in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) patients.MethodThis retrospective study consisted of a training cohort (n = 85) and a validation cohort (n = 85) of patients with HNSCC. LASSO Cox regression model was used to select the most useful prognostic features with their coefficients, upon which a radiomic signatu...
Source: European Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
No abstract available
Source: Journal of Thoracic Imaging - Category: Radiology Tags: Editorial Source Type: research
Esophageal surgery has become quite specialized, and both dedicated diagnostic and refined surgical techniques are required to deliver state-of-the-art care. The field has evolved to include endoscopic mucosal resection and radiofrequency ablation for early-stage esophageal cancer and minimally invasive esophagectomy with the reconstruction of a gastric conduit for carefully selected patients with esophageal cancer or those with “end-stage” esophagus from benign diseases. Reoperative esophageal surgery after esophagectomy deserves special mention given that these patients, with improved survival, are presenting...
Source: Journal of Thoracic Imaging - Category: Radiology Tags: Symposium: Imaging of Innovative and Contemporary Thoracic Interventions: State-of-the-Art Source Type: research
The diaphragm is an inconspicuous fibromuscular septum, and disorders may result in respiratory impairment and morbidity and mortality when untreated. Radiologists need to accurately diagnose diaphragmatic disorders, understand the surgical approaches to diaphragmatic incisions/repairs, and recognize postoperative changes and complications. Diaphragmatic defects violate the boundary between the chest and abdomen, with the risk of herniation and strangulation of abdominal contents. In our surgical practice, patients with diaphragmatic hernias present acutely with incarceration and/or strangulation. Bochdalek hernias are com...
Source: Journal of Thoracic Imaging - Category: Radiology Tags: Symposium: Imaging of Innovative and Contemporary Thoracic Interventions: State-of-the-Art Source Type: research
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a condition characterized by progressive airflow limitation caused by airway and parenchymal inflammation. Current medical therapies, including bronchodilators, corticosteroids, and anti-inflammatory medications, have been shown to variably improve pulmonary function or quality of life without providing a long-term mortality benefit. Mortality benefits to therapy have been demonstrated in only 2 therapeutic interventions to date: long-term use of daily supplemental oxygen and surgical lung volume reduction (LVRS) for upper-lobe–predominant disease in patients with a low baseli...
Source: Journal of Thoracic Imaging - Category: Radiology Tags: Symposium: Imaging of Innovative and Contemporary Thoracic Interventions: State-of-the-Art Source Type: research
Injury to the thoracic duct with resultant chylothorax can cause significant patient morbidity and mortality. Conservative treatment strategies often fail to address the problem. Open surgical and percutaneous approaches are often required to manage patients with refractory chylothorax. This review describes in detail the major role of minimally invasive interventional therapies for thoracic duct (TD) injury. The review emphasizes strategies for identifying the TD on preprocedural imaging and describes various techniques for percutaneous access to the TD. The advantages and disadvantages of several approaches for accessing...
Source: Journal of Thoracic Imaging - Category: Radiology Tags: Symposium: Imaging of Innovative and Contemporary Thoracic Interventions: State-of-the-Art Source Type: research
Interventional oncology and management of thoracic malignancies with ablative techniques are becoming ever more recognized therapeutic options. With increased understanding, development, and utility of the ablative techniques, the indications are expanding and efficacy improving. Lung cancer was among the first indications for lung ablation and remains most challenging with multiple therapeutic options. For inoperable patients, the current literature demonstrates equivalent survivals between ablation, sublobar resection, and stereotactic body radiation. Oligometastatic disease remains the most common indication for lung ab...
Source: Journal of Thoracic Imaging - Category: Radiology Tags: Symposium: Imaging of Innovative and Contemporary Thoracic Interventions: State-of-the-Art Source Type: research
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate intermediate and long-term changes in expiratory tracheal collapsibility by computed tomography (CT) in patients with tracheobronchomalacia following surgical treatment with tracheobronchoplasty and to correlate CT findings with clinical findings. Materials and Methods: Between 2003 and 2016, 18 patients with tracheobronchomalacia underwent tracheobronchoplasty and were imaged preoperatively and postoperatively at both intermediate and long-term intervals. Imaging included end-inspiratory and dynamic expiratory phase scans. The cross-sectional area of the airway lumen...
Source: Journal of Thoracic Imaging - Category: Radiology Tags: Original Research Source Type: research
More News: Cardiology | Heart | Lessons | Psychiatrists and Psychologists | Psychology | Students | Study | Universities & Medical Training