Rapid Relief of Opioid-Induced Constipation With MNTX Rapid Relief of Opioid-Induced Constipation With MNTX

Subcutaneous use of methylnaltrexone (MNTX) provides rapid relief both for patients with chronic noncancer pain and for those with cancer-related illness.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Hematology-Oncology Headlines - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Hematology-Oncology News Source Type: news

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Opioids are the most effective analgesics used in the clinical management of cancer pain or non-cancer pain. However, chronic opioids therapy can cause many side effects including respiratory depression, nausea, sedation, itch, constipation, analgesic tolerance, hyperalgesia, high addictive potential, and abuse liability. Opioids exert their effects through binding to the opioid receptors belonging to the G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) family, including mu opioid receptor (MOR), delta opioid receptor (DOR), and kappa opioid receptor (KOR). Among them, MOR is essential for opioid-induced analgesia and also responsible ...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Constipation occurs in over 60% of persons with cancer during treatment and in palliative care. Constipation leads to physical and psychological distress and impacts quality of life; however, the evidence on prevention and resolution of symptoms is limited.
Source: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management - Category: Palliative Care Authors: Source Type: research
RARITAN, NJ, June 13, 2020 – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson &Johnson announced today results from the first randomized Phase 3 study investigating subcutaneous daratumumab[i] in the treatment of patients with newly diagnosed light chain (AL) amyloidosis, a rare and potentially fatal disease.[1],[2] The data demonstrated subcutaneous daratumumab in combination with cyclophosphamide, bortezomib, and dexamethasone (D-CyBorD) resulted in a higher hematologic complete response rate (CR), (53 percent vs. 18 percent [P
Source: Johnson and Johnson - Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Innovation Source Type: news
Celiac disease (CD), triggered by the ingestion of gluten, occurs in people genetically predisposed to develop the chronic autoimmune condition. During the past few decades, doctors have learned much about how the disease develops, including genetic and other risk factors. However, results from studies on whether people with CD have an increased risk of premature death linked to the condition have been mixed. A recent study shows a small but statistically significant increased mortality rate. Celiac disease can affect the entire body Until recently, CD was considered a mainly pediatric gastrointestinal disorder, associated...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Allergies Autoimmune diseases Source Type: blogs
Purpose of review Opioids are potent drugs for the treatment of severe pain, but they are burdened by detrimental side-effects, such as respiratory depression, addiction, sedation and constipation. Their clinical application is undisputed in acute (e.g. perioperative) and cancer pain, but their use in chronic nonmalignant pain has met increasing scrutiny and has contributed to the opioid crisis. Thus, novel analgesics with reduced side-effects are badly needed. Recent findings Current research topics include enkephalinase inhibitors, allosteric and multivalent ligands, biased opioid receptor signaling and selective ac...
Source: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care - Category: Palliative Care Tags: PAIN: NON-MALIGNANT DISEASES: Edited by Anthony H. Dickenson and Kirsty Bannister Source Type: research
Source: Journal of Pain Research - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Journal of Pain Research Source Type: research
Subcutaneous (SC) methylnaltrexone (MNTX, Relistor ®) is approved for opioid-induced constipation (OIC) in adults with chronic noncancer pain and OIC in adults with advanced illness or with active cancer who require opioid dosage escalation for palliative care. This post hoc analysis evaluated data pooled from 3 randomized studies of patients with advanced illness and OIC.
Source: Pain Management Nursing - Category: Nursing Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundOpioid-induced constipation (OIC), the most common side effect of opioid treatment, is under-recognized and undertreated in older patients. Naldemedine, an oral, peripherally acting μ-opioid receptor antagonist (PAMORA), is approved in Japan, the United States, and the European Union for treatment of OIC in adult patients.ObjectiveThis integrated analysis of three phase 3 trials (COMPOSE-1, COMPOSE-2, and COMPOSE-3) evaluated the safety and efficacy of naldemedine for up to 12  weeks in a subgroup of patients aged ≥ 65 years.MethodsPatients aged 18 –80 years with c...
Source: Drugs and Aging - Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research
RARITAN, NJ, February 10, 2020 – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson &Johnson announced today the submission of a supplemental Biologics License Application (sBLA) to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) seeking approval of DARZALEX® (daratumumab) in combination with Kyprolis® (carfilzomib) and dexamethasone (DKd) for relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma. The sBLA is supported by results from the Phase 3 CANDOR study, which compared treatment with DKd to carfilzomib and dexamethasone (Kd) in patients with multiple myeloma who relapsed after one to three prior lines of therapy. “Wh...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Innovation Source Type: news
There are a few number of comparative studies between duloxetine and pregabalin in the treatment of neuropathic pain from Turkey and as well as we know this is the first study comparing these treatments in lung cancer patients. Our aim is to show the efficacy of duloxetine and pregabalin and compare their efficacy in neuropathic pain of lung cancer patients. AbstractIntroductionNeuropathic pain occurs in 1% of the population and is difficult to manage. This chronic pain causes psychological distress and impacts patient's quality of life, especially in cancer patients. The aim of this study was to show and compare the effic...
Source: Brain and Behavior - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
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