Using Network Pharmacology for Systematic Understanding of Geniposide in Ameliorating Inflammatory Responses in Colitis Through Suppression of NLRP3 Inflammasome in Macrophage by AMPK/Sirt1 Dependent Signaling.
Using Network Pharmacology for Systematic Understanding of Geniposide in Ameliorating Inflammatory Responses in Colitis Through Suppression of NLRP3 Inflammasome in Macrophage by AMPK/Sirt1 Dependent Signaling. Am J Chin Med. 2020 Nov 13;:1-21 Authors: Pu Z, Liu Y, Li C, Xu M, Xie H, Zhao J Abstract Ulcerative colitis is a chronic and recurrent inflammatory bowel disease mediated by immune response. Geniposide is the main active ingredient extracted from Gardenia jasminoides, which has been suggested to exert excellent efficacy on inflammatory disease. Herein, in this study, we aimed to uncover the systematic understanding of the mechanism and effects of geniposide in ameliorating inflammatory responses in colitis. In brief, the TCMSP server and GEO DataSets were used to analyze the systematic understanding of the mechanism and effects of geniposide in ameliorating inflammatory responses in colitis. Dextran Sulfate Sodium (DSS)-induced acute colitis of mice were administered with 25-100[Formula: see text]mg/kg of geniposide for 7 days by gavage. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced Bone Marrow Derived Macrophage (BMDM) cell or RAW264.7 cell models were treated with 20, 50 and 100[Formula: see text][Formula: see text]M of geniposide for 4[Formula: see text]h. Myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity and Interleukin-1[Formula: see text] (IL-1[Formula: see text] levels were measured using MPO activity kits and IL-1[Formula: see text] levels enzyme-linked immunosorbe...
In this study, we aimed to describe sexual function in Puerto Rican women with IBD. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of women with IBD at the University of Puerto Rico Center for IBD. Patients were invited to anonymously complete the validated Spanish version of the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) questionnaire. On this 36-point scale, a score of 26.55 or less is defined as sexual dysfunction. Data were analyzed by diagnosis, presence of an ostomy, and age, using descriptive statistics, ANOVA, Student's t test, and logistic regression. RESULTS: One hundred women completed the FSFI questionnaire, wi...
The article “Characterization of Creatine Kinase Levels in Tofacitinib–Treated Patients with Ulcerative Colitis: Results from Clinical Trials”, written by Remo Panaccione, John D. Isaacs, Lea Ann Chen, Wenjin Wang, Amy Marren, Kenneth Kwok, Lisy Wang, Gary Chan and Chinyu Su, was originally published electronically on the publisher’s internet portal on 20 August 2020 without open access.
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This study provides a framework for the application of the induced patient-derived organoids as a more comprehensive model to study human UC.
Authors: Kim JY, Lee Y, Choe BH, Kang B Abstract Background/Aims: Anti-drug antibodies (ADAs) can develop during treatment with anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) agents. We aimed to investigate the factors associated with immunogenicity of anti-TNF agents in pediatric patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and observe the clinical course of ADA-positive patients. Methods: Pediatric IBD patients receiving maintenance treatment with anti-TNF agents who had been tested for ADAs against infliximab (IFX) or adalimumab (ADL) were included in this crosssectional study. Factors associated with ADA positivity wer...
We aimed to compare safety and effectiveness of vedolizumab to tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-antagonist therapy in ulcerative colitis in routine practice.
Tofacitinib is an oral, small molecule Janus kinase inhibitor for the treatment of ulcerative colitis (UC). The efficacy and safety of tofacitinib in patients with moderate to severe UC, up to 1 year, have been reported. We investigated maintenance of efficacy in patients in remission after 52 weeks of maintenance treatment in the pivotal phase 3 study (OCTAVE Sustain); these patients received open-label, long-term treatment with tofacitinib 5 mg twice daily.
Condition: Colitis, Ulcerative Interventions: Drug: GLPG3970; Drug: Placebo Sponsor: Galapagos NV Recruiting
ConclusionA significant proportion of patients with severe colitis failing IV steroids responded to induction therapy with CT-P13. Colectomy-free survival rates were similar to previous randomized trials using originator infliximab as induction therapy in severe steroid-refractory colitis.
ConclusionPatients with IBD were often readmitted for opiate use disorder and sustained significant mortality and hospital costs. Psychiatric comorbidities, gender, and insurance status impacted the odds of readmission and represent targets for intervention.