Featured Review: Cognitive behavioural therapy for anxiety in children and young people

Why is this review important?Many children and young people experience problems with anxiety. Children and young people with anxiety disorders are more likely than their peers to have difficulty with friendships, family life, and school, and to develop mental health problems later in life. Therapies such as cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) can help children and young people to overcome difficulties with anxiety by using new ways of thinking and facing their fears.Who will be interested in this review?Parents, children, and young people; people working in education and mental health services for children and young people; and general practitioners.What questions does this review aim to answer?This review updates and replaces previous Cochrane Reviews from 2005 and 2015, which showed that CBT is an effective treatment for children and young people with anxiety disorders.This review aimed to answer the following questions:Is CBT more effective than a waiting list or no treatment?Is CBT more effective than other treatments and medication?Does CBT help to reduce anxiety for children and young people in the longer term?Are some types of CBT more effective than others? (e.g. individual versus group therapy)Is CBT effective for specific groups? (e.g. children with autism)Which studies were included in the review?We searched the databases to find all studies of CBT for anxiety disorders in children and young people published up to October 2019. In order to be included in the review...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - Category: Information Technology Authors: Source Type: news

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(Wiley) Cognitive behavioural therapy and other psychosocial interventions are effective for treating anxiety in school-aged children with autism spectrum disorder, according to an analysis of all relevant studies published in 2005-2018. The findings are published in Campbell Systematic Reviews.
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
en PH Abstract Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) programs adapted to children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) effectively reduce anxiety when run in university clinics. Forty-nine children aged 8-14 years participated in a waitlist controlled study in a general child psychiatric hospital setting. Post-treatment 30% of the children were free of their primary anxiety diagnoses and 5% were free of all anxiety diagnoses. No statistically significant difference between the two trial conditions were found on primary outcomes. However, statistically significant differences were found on secondary outcomes indi...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research
Conditions:   Autism Spectrum Disorder;   Social Anxiety Intervention:   Other: Virtual Reality Assisted Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Sponsors:   King's College London;   South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust;   National Institute for Health Research, United Kingdom;   Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conclusions: This study suggests that the transition of the group programme 'Cool Kids ASD' from University Clinics to standard child psychiatric clinical settings is feasible. Further randomised studies are needed to confirm the efficacy of the programme in a larger sample. PMID: 31156001 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research
Conclusions This study highlights a need for training and ongoing supervision to increase therapist confidence in and ability to make appropriate adaptations to CBT treatment protocols for autistic people.
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
This study shows promising results for PRT as an intervention for reducing anxiety in young children with ASD.
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
This article will expose the main studies that have used virtual reality with children and adolescents suffering from psychiatric disorders. The use of virtual reality to treat anxiety disorders in adults is gaining popularity and its efficacy is supported by various studies. Most of the studies attest to the significant efficacy of the virtual reality exposure therapy (or in virtuo exposure). In children, studies have covered arachnophobia social anxiety and school refusal phobia. Despite the limited number of studies, results are very encouraging for treatment in anxiety disorders. Several studies have reported the clini...
Source: L Encephale - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research
Abstract The use of cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) as a treatment for children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has been explored in a number of trials. Whilst CBT appears superior to no treatment or treatment as usual, few studies have assessed CBT against a control group receiving an alternative therapy. Our randomised controlled trial compared use of CBT against person-centred counselling for anxiety in 36 young people with ASD, ages 12-18. Outcome measures included parent- teacher- and self-reports of anxiety and social disability. Whilst each therapy produced improvements in participan...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research
By guest blogger Dan Carney Our autobiographical memory is fundamental to the development of our sense of self. However, according to past research, it may be compromised in autism, together with other skills that are also vital for self understanding, such as introspection and the ability to attribute mental states to others (known as mentalising). For example, experiments involving autistic children have highlighted retrieval difficulties, “impoverished narratives”, and a greater need for prompting, while also suggesting that semantic recall (facts from the past) may be impaired in younger individuals. Now a ...
Source: BPS RESEARCH DIGEST - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Autism guest blogger Memory Thought Source Type: blogs
Publication date: May 2017 Source:Research in Developmental Disabilities, Volume 64 Author(s): Bram B. Sizoo, Erik Kuiper Anxiety and depression co-occur in 50–70% of adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) but treatment methods for these comorbid problems have not been systematically studied. Recently, two ASD-tailored protocols were published: mindfulness based stress reduction (MBSR) and cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT). We wanted to investigate if both methods are equally effective in reducing anxiety and depression symptoms among adults with ASD. 59 adults with ASD and anxiety or depression scores above 7...
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research
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