Assessment of Prevalence and Risk Factors for Intestinal Parasitosis, Malnutrition, and Anemia among School Children in Ghindae Area, Eritrea.

Conclusion: The prevalence of parasitic infection among school-age children in Ghindae area was high. Unsafe drinking water sources from streams and springs were among the core problems for increased prevalence along with decreased awareness on personal hygienic and sanitation practices. Undernutrition was widely prevalent among students in Ghindae area. Height for age and BMI for age scores of all participants were found to be below the WHO growth standards. Malnutrition was in higher prevalence in rural areas outside Ghindae, which is attributed to two times higher odds than their counterparts. The magnitude of anemia found in this study is considered a mild public health problem. PMID: 33178289 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: J Trop Med Source Type: research

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by Tsukushi Kamiya, Megan A. Greischar, David S. Schneider, Nicole Mideo To understand why some hosts get sicker than others from the same type of infection, it is essential to explain how key processes, such as host responses to infection and parasite growth, are influenced by various biotic and abiotic factors. In many disease systems, the initial infection dose impa cts host morbidity and mortality. To explore drivers of dose-dependence and individual variation in infection outcomes, we devised a mathematical model of malaria infection that allowed host and parasite traits to be linear functions (reaction norms) of the...
Source: PLoS Computational Biology - Category: Biology Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract The kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) has succeeded in bringing the reported numbers of Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) cases from hundreds during the 1980s and 1990s to zero case in 2019. The endemicity of VL has been confined mainly to the Southwest regions, namely Jazan and Aseer regions. Leishmania donovani species have been identified as the causative species of VL, while L. infantum have been isolated only from dogs in the endemic areas. Many species of sand flies were caught in Southwest, but P. orientalis is the probable transmitter of the disease. The black rat (Rattus ratus) was found to be contributing...
Source: Acta Tropica - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Acta Trop Source Type: research
Abstract Iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia are public health issues recognised by the World Health Organisation, especially in sub-Saharan Africa. In some countries on this continent, the prevalence of anemia exceeds 60% in the pediatric population. Iron supplementation could prevent around one third of anemia cases in children in Africa and could decrease morbidity and mortality. A number of factors are behind this anemia, including iron deficiency caused by an inadequate diet, pica and geophagia, as well as chronic inflammation (malaria, digestive and urinary parasites, etc.). Ferritin is a good indicat...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research
Conclusion. At a fixed volume of 50 μL complement, there were statistically significant (p
Source: Advances in Hematology - Category: Hematology Tags: Adv Hematol Source Type: research
Intestinal parasitic infections are widespread worldwide and with increased global travel and transport of food, these are not entirely limited to traditionally endemic areas. The prevalence of parasitic infections in endemic areas among pregnant women ranges from 24-70% with approximately 10% of women having multiple parasites. Pregnancy with its increased nutritional demands and altered immunological defenses is an especially vulnerable time for acquiring parasitic infections, which may be associated with adverse outcomes such as anaemia, which in some cases may even contribute to mortality.
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Full length article Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Few specific relevant studies have been published regarding adolescent nutrition in Côte d'Ivoire, and most studies being focused on younger children. There are knowledge gaps about many nutritional aspects in this population, which urgently need to be addressed. PMID: 32883396 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Public Health Nutrition - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research
Conclusion: The prevalence of anemia among the study subjects was 41.7% indicative of the fact that anemia is an important public health problem. It was associated with the child's age, residence, mother's education level, and intestinal parasite (Ascaris lumbricoides). It clearly indicates that there should be well integrated public health interventions to improve the health status that needs to be prioritized to prevent anemia among children under five years of age. PMID: 32832148 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Anemia - Category: Hematology Tags: Anemia Source Type: research
Abstract Hookworm is an intestinal parasite that infects nearly 230 million people, with another 5.1 billion at risk, especially in poverty-stricken tropical and subtropical regions. Pregnancy is an especially vulnerable time for hookworm infection because of its effect on both maternal and subsequently fetal health. A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted. The meta-analysis was performed on the association between maternal hookworm and maternal anemia, as well as maternal hookworm coinfection with malaria. The prevalence of hookworm ranged from 1% to 78% in pregnant women, whereas malaria prevalence r...
Source: The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Tags: Am J Trop Med Hyg Source Type: research
AbstractGastrointestinal helminthes are a major cause of unproductiveness in the sub-Saharan Africa livestock industry. The use of anthelmintic has been the most reliable means of preventing losses due to gastrointestinal parasitism. Due to the challenge of anthelmintic resistance, however, the concept of targeted selective treatment (TST) using the FAMACHA© system was developed. The system has been validated in several countries and in West African Dwarf goats in Nigeria. There is, however, limited information on the use of the FAMACHA© system in West African Dwarf (WAD) sheep in Nigeria. A total of twenty WAD s...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
This study assessed pregnant women adherence to Ghana's anaemia prevention strategies being implemented in the Juaboso District. Method: A descriptive cross-sectional data on knowledge of and adherence to anaemia prevention strategies among pregnant women was collected. Pearson's chi-square and logistic regression models were used to assessed associations between predictor and outcome variables. A p value
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research
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