TB-LAM in the Diagnosis of TB

Conditions:   HIV Infections;   Tuberculosis;   Non-Tuberculous Mycobacterial Pneumonia Intervention:   Diagnostic Test: Alere TB-LAM Sponsor:   Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials

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Conditions:   Cough;   COPD;   GERD;   Asthma;   Tuberculosis;   Non-Tuberculous Mycobacterial Pneumonia;   COVID-19 Pneumonia Intervention:   Device: Hyfe Cough Tracker Sponsors:   Clinica Universidad de Navarra, Universidad de Navarra;   Centre de Recherche du Centre Hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal;   Hyfe, Inc Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Introduction For the management of patients referred to respiratory triage during the early stages of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus type 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic, either chest radiography or computed tomography (CT) were used as first-line diagnostic tools. The aim of this study was to compare the impact on the triage, diagnosis and prognosis of patients with suspected COVID-19 when clinical decisions are derived from reconstructed chest radiography or from CT. Methods We reconstructed chest radiographs from high-resolution CT (HRCT) scans. Five clinical observers independently reviewed clinical charts ...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Lung imaging, Respiratory infections and tuberculosis Original Articles: Infection and imaging Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis study examined national trends in mortality rate and cause of death at health facilities in Ghana. Ghana recorded a decrease in institutional mortality throughout the study. NCDs and infections were the leading causes of death, giving a double-burden of diseases. There is a need to enhance efforts towards healthcare and health promotion programmes for NCDs and infectious diseases at facility and community levels as outlined in the 2020 National Health Policy of Ghana.
Source: PLoS One - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Broncholithiasis is a benign bronchial disease that can cause complications. Endoscopic removal of broncholiths is considered as initial therapy and surgical removal is suggested as a second-line treatment. Treatment with anti-infectives is required for patients who fail to receive removal of broncholiths.PMID:34473998 | DOI:10.1016/j.amjms.2021.05.028
Source: The American Journal of the Medical Sciences - Category: General Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractArtificial intelligence (AI) applications for chest radiography and chest CT are among the most developed applications in radiology. More than 40 certified AI products are available for chest radiography or chest CT. These AI products cover a wide range of abnormalities, including pneumonia, pneumothorax and lung cancer. Most applications are aimed at detecting disease, complemented by products that characterize or quantify tissue. At present, none of the thoracic AI products is specifically designed for the pediatric population. However, some products developed to detect tuberculosis in adults are also applicable ...
Source: Pediatric Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
CrystEngComm, 2021, Accepted Manuscript DOI: 10.1039/D1CE00945A, PaperChenyang Zhao, Wanya Li, Zhonghua Li, Weiguo Hu, Suoqing Zhang, Songgu Wu Dapsone, a sulfonamide, is used to treat tuberculosis, leprosy, malaria, Kaposi's sarcoma, dermatoses and AIDS-related pneumonia. The purpose of this paper is to study the new solid forms of Dapsone... The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry
Source: RSC - CrystEngComm latest articles - Category: Chemistry Authors: Source Type: research
J Thorac Dis. 2021 Jul;13(7):4541-4553. doi: 10.21037/jtd-21-202.ABSTRACTSaliva is abundant with proteins, metabolites, DNA, and a diverse range of bacterial species. During the past two decades, saliva has emerged as a novel diagnostic and evaluation medium for several diseases. Collection of saliva samples is simple, minimally invasive, and convenient even in infants, children, and patients with anxious. Furthermore, with the development of hypersensitive techniques [e.g., microsensor arrays, enzyme-labeled immunosensors, nanoparticle-labeled immunosensors, capacitive or impedimetric immunosensors, magneto immunosensors,...
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Background: Studies have associated HIV with an increased risk of obstructive lung disease (OLD).Objectives: We aimed to identify the predictive factors for impaired lung function in an urban, African, HIV-positive population.Method: A cross-sectional study was performed in Johannesburg, South Africa, from July 2016 to November 2017. A questionnaire was administered and pre- and post-bronchodilator spirometry conducted. The predictors investigated included age, sex, antiretroviral treatment (ART) duration, body mass index, history of tuberculosis (TB) or pneumonia, occupational exposure, environmental exposure, smoking and...
Source: Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine - Category: African Health Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion: The implemented prevention measures and protocols might have reduced the incidence of influenza and some other common respiratory infections. However, controversies exist on this matter and future large population-based studies might provide further information to address these controversies.
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Conclusion Oral dexamethasone reduced LOS and ICU admission rate in adults hospitalised with CAP. It remains unclear for which patients the risk–benefit ratio is optimal.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Respiratory infections and tuberculosis Original Articles: Pulmonary infection Source Type: research
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