Revisiting the treatment of anemia in the setting of chronic kidney disease, hematologic malignancies and cancer: perspectives with opinion and commentary.

Revisiting the treatment of anemia in the setting of chronic kidney disease, hematologic malignancies and cancer: perspectives with opinion and commentary. Expert Rev Hematol. 2020 Oct 08;: Authors: Musio F Abstract INTRODUCTION: Anemia has and will continue to be a central theme in medicine particularly as clinicians are treating a burgeoning population of complex multi-organ system processes. As a result of multiple randomized controlled trials (RCTs), meta-analyses, and societal recommendations overly restrictive paradigms and under-administration of erythropoiesis stimulating agents (ESAs) have likely been followed by clinicians among all specialties. AREAS COVERED: A review of anemia in the context of chronic kidney disease, hematologic malignancies and cancer is presented with focus on the establishment of ESAs as integral in the treatment of anemia. Multiple RCTs and meta-analyses studying the use of ESAs are presented with focus upon their application to clinical practice. A "compendium" is proffered describing the evolution, establishment, and implications of ESA administration initially among those with CKD with rapid subsequent application to the Hematology-Oncology population of patients. Literature search methodologies have included MEDLINE (1985-2020), PubMed (1996-2020), Cochrane Central Trials (1985-2020), EMBASE (2000-2020) and ClinicalTrials.gov (2000-2020). EXPERT OPINION: Upon evaluation of risks and benefits of ESAs ...
Source: Expert Review of Hematology - Category: Hematology Tags: Expert Rev Hematol Source Type: research

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We report an intestinal TB case with a clinical presentation similar to that of colon cancer in a patient with ESRD on hemodialysis. Patient concerns: A 49-year-old man presented with a 3-month history of general weakness and anorexia. He had been treated for stage 5 chronic kidney disease (CKD) due to diabetic nephropathy for the last 3 years. His blood urea nitrogen and serum creatinine levels were 96.9 and 8.1 mg/dL, respectively, at the time of admission; azotemia was accompanied by severe anemia, hypoalbuminemia, hyperkalemia, and metabolic acidosis. Hemodialysis was initiated for suspected exacerbation of uremia...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
In this study, mouse cardiac function was evaluated by echocardiography, plasma LDH/CK-MB, and heart HE staining. Cell viability, apoptosis, oxidative stress, inflammation, and HIF-target genes were evaluated in mouse cardiac tissue and cardiac cells exposed to DOX with FG-4592 pretreatment. DOX-sensitive HepG2 and MCF-7 cell lines were used to evaluate FG-4592 effect on the anticancer activity of DOX. We found that FG-4592 alleviated DOX-induced cardiotoxicity shown by the protection against cardiac dysfunction, cardiac apoptosis, and oxidative stress without the effect on inflammatory response. FG-4592 alone did not chan...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Abstract The 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was awarded to William G. Kaelin Jr, Sir Peter J. Ratcliffe, and Gregg L. Semenza "for their discoveries of how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability." The three pioneers discovered the hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF), elucidated the oxygen sensing mechanism of cells, and confirmed the critical role of HIF in hypoxic cellular responses. The broad and profound biological effects of HIF open up the possibilities for clinical translation. HIF stabilizers have been proven effective on anemia of chronic kidney disease in phase III clinical trials. ...
Source: J Formos Med Assoc - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: J Formos Med Assoc Source Type: research
Preoperative treatment of anemia with intravenous iron is inconsistent despite known risks of anemia and allogeneic blood transfusions. Limited research exists on the effectiveness of preoperative intravenous iron for chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. We discuss a patient with severe anemia from advanced CKD, endometrial cancer, and menometrorrhagia. Her hemoglobin increased more than 2 g/dL after erythropoietin and two 750-mg ferric carboxymaltose infusions 5 weeks before a total abdominal hysterectomy and avoided blood transfusions perioperatively. By raising hemoglobin, preoperative intravenous iron and eryt...
Source: A&A Case Reports - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
New Brunswick, N.J. (April 14, 2020) – Johnson &Johnson (NYSE: JNJ) today announced results for first-quarter 2020. The Company also announced earlier today that its Board of Directors declared a 6.3% increase in the quarterly dividend rate, from $0.95 per share to $1.01 per share. At the new rate, the indicated dividend on an annual basis is $4.04 per share compared to the previous rate of $3.80 per share. “With Johnson &Johnson’s century-plus history of leading in times of great challenge, we are mobilizing our resources across the Company in the fight against the COVID-19 pandemic,” said ...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Our Company Source Type: news
Abstract Iron deficiency (ID) is globally prevalent, and apart from anemia is associated with thrombocytosis. While considered benign, studies linking thrombotic events with prior ID anemia suggest otherwise. Herein we used animal models to assess the influence of ID on thrombotic tendency. Sprague-Dawley rats were fed control or iron deficient diets and ferric carboxymaltose was used to reverse ID. Thrombosis was induced via stenosis of the inferior vena cava or damage to the right carotid artery using ferric chloride. Thrombi were evaluated histologically and via high frequency ultrasound in the venous model. ID...
Source: Haematologica - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Haematologica Source Type: research
In conclusion, the concept of an epigenetic clock is compelling, but caution should be taken in interpreting associations with age acceleration. Association tests of age acceleration should include age as a covariate. A Discussion of Recent Work on Allotopic Expression of Mitochondrial Genes at the SENS Research Foundation https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2020/02/a-discussion-of-recent-work-on-allotopic-expression-of-mitochondrial-genes-at-the-sens-research-foundation/ A paper published last month outlines recent progress on allotopic expression of mitochondrial genes carried out by the SENS Research ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
In conclusion, TSCEE was found to exhibit multiple therapeutic properties, which makes it a. promising agent for treating oxidative stress-induced eryptosis and subsequent anemia in various pathologies.
Source: Biochemistry (Moscow) - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
This article examines the recently published guidelines for ESA use in cancer patients from the American Society of Clinical Oncology and American Society of Hematology and attempts to contextualize them to the care of patients with coexistent CKD, cancer, and anemia. PMID: 31596520 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Seminars in Dialysis - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Semin Dial Source Type: research
Purpose of review Prolyl-hydroxylase inhibitors are a novel class of orally administered drugs that are under development for the treatment of anemia in patients with chronic kidney disease. This review discusses the biology of these drugs and their target – hypoxia-inducible factor and potential advantages and disadvantages of these therapies. Finally, we will discuss current trials in patients with both chronic kidney disease and end-stage renal disease. Recent findings Recent smaller studies have found that prolyl-hydroxylase are as effective as erythropoietin in treating anemia of chronic kidney disease. We ...
Source: Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: DIALYSIS AND TRANSPLANTATION: Edited by Anil Chandraker and J. Kevin Tucker Source Type: research
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