The effect of arm-crank exercise training on power output, spirometric and cardiac function and level of autonomy in persons with tetraplegia

Source: European Journal of Sport Science - Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Source Type: research

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ConclusionEO was cost-effective for infants with asthma to guide asthma management in Children. Our study provides evidence that should be used by decision-makers to improve clinical practice guidelines and should be replicated to validate their results in other middle-income countries. PMID: 33026885 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Asthma - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Asthma Source Type: research
Authors: Schindel CS, Schiwe D, Heinzmann-Filho JP, Gheller MF, Campos NE, Pitrez PM, Donadio MVF Abstract Objective: To evaluate the exercise capacity of children and adolescents with severe therapy resistant asthma (STRA) aiming to identify its main determinants.Methods: Cross-sectional study including individuals aged 6 to 18 years with a diagnosis of STRA. Clinical (age and gender), anthropometric (weight, height and body mass index) and disease control data were collected. Lung function (spirometry), cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) and exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) test were performed.Resu...
Source: Journal of Asthma - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Asthma Source Type: research
This study was conducted on a sample of 42 COPD subjects with patient history, COPD assessment test (CAT) and spirometry. 5STST performance time and the number 30s-STST repetitions showed differences of statistical significance in COPD subjects considered to be more symptomatic and in subjects with high risk of future exacerbations. Both STSTs correlated significantly with forced expiratory volume in one second % predicted (FEV1%), CAT, number of acute exacerbations in the past year and number of hospitalized exacerbations in the past year. STST performance correlates significantly with items of the CAT questionnaire that ...
Source: COPD: Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: COPD Source Type: research
Purpose of review Early stage lung disease has long been synonymous with infancy and childhood. As diagnosis happens earlier and conventional management improves, we are seeing larger proportions of people with cystic fibrosis (CF) in adolescence and even adulthood with well preserved lung health. The availability of highly effective cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator modulator drugs for a large proportion of the CF population will impact even further. Transitioning into adult care with ‘normal’ lung function will become more common. However, it is crucial that we are not blasé about t...
Source: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: CYSTIC FIBROSIS: Edited by Peter J. Barry and Barry J. Plant Source Type: research
AbstractAimsHeart failure (HF) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are main causes of dyspnoea, and echocardiography and spirometry are essential investigations for these diagnoses. Our aim was to determine the prevalence of HF and COPD in a general population, also how the diseases may be identified, and to what extent their clinical characteristics differ.Methods and resultsIn the seventh survey of Troms ø study (2015–16), subjects aged 40 years or more were examined with echocardiography, spirometry, lung sound recordings, questionnaires, including the modified Medical Research Council (mM...
Source: ESC Heart Failure - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research
To determine the impact of changing reference standards (RS), namely spirometry versus whole body plethysmography (WBP), on estimation of the diagnostic accuracy of Fractioned exhaled Nitric Oxide (FeNO) and clinical signs and symptoms (CSS) as index tests regarding asthma diagnosis.
Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionThe use of postoperative expiratory resistance modalities (CPAP, EPAP, BiPAP, NIV) after abdominal surgery might prevent pulmonary complications and it seems the preventive abilities were largely driven by postoperative treatment with CPAP.
Source: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
Global standards require that spirometry should be performed by trained and experienced personnel, who would be able to assess the correct performance of tests by patients and assure good quality of the result...
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
ConclusionsPE deformity does not reduce lung volume when compared to age and sex matched control group. Quantitative CT volumetric evaluation of lung gives valuable data about lung volume.
Source: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy - Category: Anatomy Source Type: research
Abstract OBJECTIVE: During the COVID-19 pandemic, it is essential to understand if and how to screen SARS-CoV-2-positive athletes to safely resume training and competitions. The aim of this study is to understand which investigations are useful in a screening protocol aimed at protecting health but also avoiding inappropriate examinations. METHODS: We conducted a cohort study of a professional soccer team that is based on an extensive screening protocol for resuming training during the COVID-19 pandemic. It included personal history, antigen swabs, blood tests, spirometry, resting/stress-test ECG with oxygen ...
Source: British Journal of Sports Medicine - Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Tags: Br J Sports Med Source Type: research
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