MR  imaging by 3D T1-weighted black blood sequences may improve delineation of therapy-naive high-grade gliomas

AbstractObjectivesTo investigate the value of contrast-enhanced (CE) turbo spin echo black blood (BB) sequences for imaging of therapy-naive high-grade gliomas (HGGs).MethodsConsecutive patients with histopathologically confirmed World Health Organization (WHO) grade III or IV gliomas and no oncological treatment prior to index imaging (March 2019 to January 2020) were retrospectively included. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)  at 3 Tesla comprised CE BB and CE turbo field echo (TFE) sequences. The lack/presence of tumor-related contrast enhancement and satellite lesions were evaluated by two readers. Sharper delineation of tumor boundaries (1, bad; 2, intermediate; 3, good delineation) and vaster expansion of HGGs into the adjacent brain parenchyma on CE BB imaging were the endpoints. Furthermore, contrast-to-noise ratios (CNRs) were calculated and compared between sequences.ResultsFifty-four patients were included (mean age: 61.2  ± 15.9 years, 64% male). The vast majority of HGGs (51/54) showed contrast enhancement in both sequences, while two HGGs as well as one of six detected satellite lesions were depicted in CE BB imaging only. Tumor boundaries were significantly sharper (R1: 2.43 ± 0.71 vs. 2.73 ± 0.6 2,p 
Source: European Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Related Links:

CONCLUSION: 3D ASL and DSC PWI are consistent in evaluating blood flow in brain tumors and can accurately evaluate brain tumors perfusion.PMID:34549723 | DOI:10.12122/j.issn.1673-4254.2021.08.23
Source: Journal of Southern Medical University - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Source Type: research
We investigated the correlation between amide proton transfer-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (APTw MRI) and dynamic susceptibility contrast (DSC) perfusion in order to assess the potential of APTw MRI as an alternative to DSC in adult brain tumor (glioma) imaging.
Source: Radiography - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: We developed and translated [18F]DASA-23 as a new tracer that demonstrated the visualization of aberrantly expressed PKM2 for the first time in human subjects. These results warrant further clinical evaluation of [18F]DASA-23 to assess its utility for imaging therapy-induced normalization of aberrant cancer metabolism.PMID:34475101 | DOI:10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-21-0544
Source: Clinical Cancer Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Performing PET-CT in patients with newly diagnosed LGG should be preceded by a selection of an appropriate radiopharmaceutical. 18F-FET seems to be more accurate than 18F-FCH in the LGG diagnosis.PMID:34472733
Source: Croatian Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
As a highly malignant tumor, the incidence and mortality of glioma are not optimistic. Predicting the survival time of patients with glioma by extracting the feature information from gliomas is beneficial for doctors to develop more targeted treatments. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a way to quickly and clearly capture the details of brain tissue. However, manually segmenting brain tumors from MRI will cost doctors a lot of energy, and doctors can only vaguely estimate the survival time of glioma patients, which are not conducive to the formulation of treatment plans. Therefore, automatically segmenting brain tumors ...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Our spectroscopic liquid biopsy approach can identify gliomas that are both small and low-grade showing great promise for deployment of this technique for early detection and diagnosis.
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Conclusions: The use of high-dose FNa in this patient with a nonenhancing borderline low-grade/high-grade glioma produced actionable wide-field fluorescence imaging using the operating microscope and improved CLE visualization of tumor cellularity. Higher doses of FNa for intraoperative CLE imaging and possible simultaneous wide-field fluorescence surgical guidance in nonenhancing gliomas merit further investigation.
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
ConclusionsMost of meningiomas, especially those in elderlies, remained asymptomatic, and their prevalence increased with age. However, the prevalence of incidental gliomas was much lower and did not increase with age. The number of gliomas that developed and the number that reached a symptomatic stage appeared to be balanced.
Source: Acta Neurochirurgica - Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research
Cancer stands out as one of the fatal diseases people are facing all the time. Each year, a countless number of people die because of the late diagnosis of cancer or wrong treatments. Glioma, one of the most common primary brain tumors, has different aggressiveness and sub-regions, which can affect the risk of disease. Although prediction of overall survival based on multimodal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is challenging, in this study, we assess if and how location-based features of tumors can affect overall survival prediction. This approach is evaluated independently and in combination with radiomic features. The pr...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Biomark Res. 2021 Jul 2;9(1):52. doi: 10.1186/s40364-021-00306-8.ABSTRACTResponse Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) is the gold standard for assessment of treatment response in solid tumors. Morphologic change of tumor size evaluated by RECIST is often correlated with survival length and has been considered as a surrogate endpoint of therapeutic efficacy. However, the detection of morphologic change alone may not be sufficient for assessing response to new anti-cancer medication in all solid tumors. During the past fifteen years, several molecular-targeted therapies and immunotherapies have emerged in cancer tre...
Source: Cell Research - Category: Cytology Authors: Source Type: research
More News: Brain | Brain Cancers | Brain Tumor | Cancer & Oncology | Glioma | International Medicine & Public Health | MRI Scan | Neurology | Radiology | Study | WHO