Factors Affecting Undernutrition among School Children in Cebu, Philippines.

This study investigated the factors associated with the nutritional status of school children in a rural municipality in Cebu, Philippines. Children aged 6-12 years (n = 327) and their parents were asked to participate. Children's anthropometric measurements were taken in schools, while interviews and measurements of parents were conducted at home. Children's nutritional status was assessed using height-for-age (HAZ) and weight-for-age (WAZ) z scores, while body mass index (BMI) was used for parents. Children's dietary patterns and physical activity, and household characteristics, such as food insecurity, eating practices, water/sanitation/hand washing facilities, and sociodemographic status, were collected. Of 327 school children, 37.3% were stunted, while 35.1% were underweight in this rural community. HAZ and WAZ were negatively associated with household size, and positively associated with household income and parental BMI in multivariate least-squares regression models. Severe food insecurity was negatively associated with WAZ, which suggested that the experiences of severe food insecurity (i.e., not eating for a day) had a significant impact on nutritional status of children. PMID: 33035433 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Ecology of Food and Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Tags: Ecol Food Nutr Source Type: research

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