Performance of an air membrane bioreactor for methanol removal under steady and transient state conditions.

Performance of an air membrane bioreactor for methanol removal under steady and transient state conditions. Chemosphere. 2020 Dec;260:127514 Authors: Prikyai K, Watsuntorn W, Rene ER, Visvanathan C Abstract The main aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of an air membrane bioreactor (aMBR) for the treatment of gas-phase methanol. A laboratory-scale hollow fiber aMBR was operated for 150 days, at inlet methanol concentrations varying between 2 and 30 g m-3 and at empty bed residence times (EBRT) of 30, 10 and 5 s. Under steady-state conditions, a maximum methanol removal efficiency (RE) of 98% was obtained at an EBRT of 30 s and a decrease in RE of methanol was observed at lower EBRTs. On increasing the inlet loading rate, some portion of gas-phase MeOH was stripped into the liquid phase due to its solubility in water. Under transient conditions, the MeOH removal efficiency dropped from an average value of 95%-90% after 5 h of 10-fold shock load and dropped from an average value of 95%-88% under 5-fold increase in shock load. During transient-state tests, the aMBR performed well under different upset loading conditions and a drop in RE of ∼ 5-10% was observed. However, the aMBR performance was restored within 1-2 days when pre-shock conditions were restored. The results from microbial structure analysis revealed a big shift of the dominant methanol degrader, from Candida boidinii strain TBRC 217 to Xanthobacter sp....
Source: Chemosphere - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Chemosphere Source Type: research

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