Tacrolimus for Treating Orbital and Cranial Form of Idiopathic Inflammatory Pseudotumors.

CONCLUSIONS: Tacrolimus may be a safe and effective immunosuppressant for refractory or relapsing form of orbital or cranial IIPs. PMID: 33029975 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Clinical Neurology - Category: Neurology Tags: J Clin Neurol Source Type: research

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Authors: Rombauts A, Abelenda-Alonso G, Cuervo G, Gudiol C, Carratalà J Abstract INTRODUCTION: Despite adequate antibiotic coverage, community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) remains a leading cause of hospitalization and mortality worldwide. It induces both a local pulmonary and a systemic inflammatory response, particularly significant in severe cases. The intensity of the dysregulated host response varies from patient to patient and has a negative impact on survival and other outcomes. AREAS COVERED: This comprehensive review summarizes the pathophysiological aspects of the inflammatory response in CAP, brie...
Source: Expert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther Source Type: research
This study was designed to 1) assess the efficacy of a second brain biopsy when the first biopsy was nondiagnostic, 2) identify possible factors associated with an increased diagnostic rate in the second biopsy, and 3) analyze additional morbidity induced by the second biopsy. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study from 2009 to 2019, during which 1,919 patients underwent a brain biopsy, including 30 who were biopsied twice (1.6%). The specific histological diagnosis rate, diagnosis-associated factors, and complication rate were assessed for the 30 twice-biopsied patients. RESULTS: The second biopsy allo...
Source: Journal of Clinical Neurology - Category: Neurology Tags: J Clin Neurol Source Type: research
Conclusion. A review of 25 placebo-controlled trials provides moderate-quality evidence that epidural corticosteroid injections are effective, although the effects are small and short-term. There is uncertainty on safety due to very low-quality evidence. Level of Evidence: 1
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: COCHRANE COLLABORATION Source Type: research
Authors: Zhang Y, Yuan Z, Shen R, Jiang Y, Xu W, Gu M, Gu X Abstract The capecitabine and oxaliplatin (CapeOX) regimen is a commonly used adjuvant chemotherapeutic regimen for gastric cancer (GC). However, some patients exhibit a poor chemotherapy response due to genetic differences among individuals. Therefore, finding an effective sensitization strategy for CapeOX is important in the treatment of GC. The present study aimed to investigate the predictive biomarkers of the CapeOX chemotherapeutic outcomes for patients with GC. A total of 30 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified using the gene expres...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 8 October 2020Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In PracticeAuthor(s): Annelies L. Robijn, Daniel Barker, Peter G. Gibson, Warwick B. Giles, Vicki L. Clifton, Joerg Mattes, Michael J. Peek, Helen L. Barrett, Sean K. Seeho, Leonie K. Callaway, Alistair Abbott, John Attia, Peter A. Wark, Megan E. Jensen, Vanessa E. Murphy
Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
vestigators Group Abstract OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to evaluate the relationship between the clinical factors of asthma and the use of reliever medication. METHODS: We performed an observational cross-sectional study in Spain. The study population comprised patients aged ≥12 years diagnosed with persistent asthma according to the criteria of the Global Initiative for Asthma and receiving maintenance treatment for at least 12 months. Use of reliever medication was classified as low use of reliever medication (LURM) (≤2 times/wk) and high use of reliever medication (HURM) (≥3 times/wk). A variety of clin...
Source: Journal of Investigational Allergology and Clinical Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol Source Type: research
Conclusion: While this is an unusual presentation of cerebral edema following DBS placement, ultimately, the outcome was good similar to other reported cases. Supportive care and corticosteroids remain the treatment of choice for this phenomenon. PMID: 33024597 [PubMed]
Source: Surgical Neurology International - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research
Authors: Uppal SK, Chat VS, Kearns DG, Wu JJ Abstract Mild to moderate atopic dermatitis (AD) occurs frequently in children and adults and is usually managed through the use of pharmacologic treatments, such as topical corticosteroids (TCS) and topical calcineurin inhibitors (TCIs), and good skin care practices. As chronic TCS or TCI can lead to the development of adverse effects, there is a need for safe, alternative treatments for patients with resistant AD. A systemic literature review was performed to examine the safety and efficacy of topical agents currently in phase II and phase III clinical trials for AD. O...
Source: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Tags: J Drugs Dermatol Source Type: research
To assess whether prophylactic use of netarsudil 0.02% ophthalmic solution reduces the risk of intraocular pressure (IOP) elevation associated with prolonged use of topical corticosteroids to prevent cornea transplant rejection.
Source: American Journal of Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Authors: Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
by Brahmaiah Upputuri, Michael Sukumar Pallapati, Patrick Tarwater, Aparna Srikantam Erythema nodosum leprosum (ENL), or type 2 lepra reaction, is a multi-system immune-mediated complication in patients with multibacillary leprosy, frequently associated with chronicity and recurrences. Management of ENL requires high doses of oral corticosteroids, which may not be universally effe ctive and pose serious adverse effects. Thalidomide has proven to be a steroid-sparing agent and is useful in controlling the reactions. However, many centres do not employ it in outpatient settings due to adverse effects and teratogenicity risk...
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
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