Altered Brain Activity and Functional Connectivity in Unilateral Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss.
Conclusion: SSNHL causes functional alterations in brain regions, mainly in the striatum, auditory cortex, visual cortex, MTG, AG, precuneus, and limbic lobes within the acute period of hearing loss. PMID: 33029130 [PubMed - in process]
Mohammad Ayasrah International Journal of Human Rights in Healthcare, Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print, pp.- Many international radiology societies, including American College of Radiologists (ACR), have established guidelines for optimum forms and contents of medical imaging reports to ensure high quality and to guarantee the satisfaction of both the referring physician and the patient. Therefore, this study aims to analyze the criteria of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) reports in Jordan according to the standards of the ACR. This cross-sectional study was conducted in early January 2021 for...
Conclusion: We showed that decreased pancreatic perfusion did not relate to beta-cell dysfunction in early stages of T2DM development, but it was related to VAT, insulin resistance, and higher fasting glycemia. Furthermore, lower pancreatic perfusion was related to VAT, insulin resistance, and higher fasting glycemia.Ann Nutr Metab
A 64-yr-old man with a history of previous motor vehicle collision with chronic back pain presented as a referral to an outpatient spine clinic with a 3-yr history of bilateral lower limb weakness and numbness that progressed to severe bilateral foot drop. He had been seen by another practitioner from a different hospital 2 yrs prior who performed an electromyography that was interpreted as possible primary lateral sclerosis. His clinical picture was difficult to interpret as it did not fit any of the disease patterns, such as a motor neuron disease, suggested by previous electromyography. Repeated magnetic resonance imagi...
Seon Hahn Kim The surgical management of low-lying rectal cancer, within 5 cm from the anal verge (AV), is challenging due to the possibility, or not, to preserve the anus with its sphincter muscles maintaining oncological safety. The standardization of total mesorectal excision, the adoption of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy, the implementation of rectal magnetic resonance imaging, and the evolution of mechanical staplers have increased the rate of anus-preserving surgeries. Moreover, extensive anatomy and physiology studies have increased the understanding of the complexity of the deep pelvis. Intersphincteric resect...
ConclusionWe propose that DNAJC3 mutation can be considered as a cause of maturity onset diabetes of the young. Patients with DNAJC3 mutations may possess a small atrophic pancreas.
“Skin Sodium Accumulates in Psoriasis and Reflects Disease Severity” (Maifeld et al., 2021) showed that skin sodium ion (Na+) is increased in patients with a PASI> 5. Na+ concentration as well as its content were increased in these patients, supporting the proposed mechanism that increased Na+ concentrations enhance IL-17 expression from CD4+ cells. These data initially were generated using a noninvasive technique, sodium (23Na) magnetic resonance imaging, and then were verified using 23Na spectroscopy and atomic absorption spectrometry in ashed-skin biopsies in humans and also using mouse models of psoriasis.
Conclusions: We measured the diffusion properties of the intraorbital ON using dMRI tractography in an elderly cognitively normal population. The diffusion properties detected by dMRI tractography may substantially reflect the microstructure of the ON.
The objective of this retrospective study was to introduce and evaluate an arthroscopic discopexy for closure of retrodiscal tissue perforations. A total of 112 patients (135 joints) receiving an arthroscopic discopexy for management of retrodiscal tissue perforations between January 2016 and September 2019 were included. Pre- and postoperative visual analogue scale (VAS) pain scores and maximum inter-incisal opening (MIO), as well as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data, were collected and analysed.
This article summarizes the current status of imaging research in NMOSD and MOGAD, and reviews the clinical relevance of OCT, MRI and other relevant imaging techniques for differential diagnosis, screening and monitoring of the disease course.EXPERT OPINION: Retinal OCT and MRI can visualize and quantify CNS damage in vivo, improving our understanding of NMOSD and MOGAD pathology and disease mechanisms. Further efforts on the standardization of these imaging techniques are essential for implementation into clinical practice and as outcome parameters in clinical trials.PMID:34551653 | DOI:10.1080/14737175.2021.1982697