Aerobic fitness and sympathetic responses to spontaneous muscle sympathetic nerve activity in young males

AbstractPurposeLower aerobic fitness increases the risk of developing hypertension. Muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) is important for the beat-by-beat regulation of blood pressure. Whether the cardiovascular consequences of lower aerobic fitness are due to augmented transduction of MSNA into vascular responses is unclear. We tested the hypothesis that aerobic fitness is inversely related to peak increases in total peripheral resistance (TPR) and mean arterial pressure (MAP) in response to spontaneous MSNA bursts in young males.MethodsRelative peak oxygen consumption (VO2peak, indirect calorimetry) was assessed in 18 young males (23  ± 3 years; 41 ± 8 ml/kg/min). MSNA (microneurography), cardiac intervals (electrocardiogram) and arterial pressure (finger photoplethysmography) were recorded continuously during supine rest. Stroke volume and cardiac output (CO) were estimated via the ModelFlow method. TPR was calculat ed as MAP/CO. Changes in TPR and MAP were tracked for 12 cardiac cycles following heartbeats associated with or without spontaneous bursts of MSNA.ResultsOverall, aerobic fitness was inversely correlated to the peak ΔTPR (0.8 ± 0.7 mmHg/l/min;R = − 0.61,P = 0.007) and ΔMAP (2.3 ± 0.8 mmHg;R = − 0.69,P 
Source: Clinical Autonomic Research - Category: Research Source Type: research

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Source: Journal of Hypertension - Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS: Treatment Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Clinical Investigation - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
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Source: Autonomic Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Auton Neurosci Source Type: research
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Source: TIME: Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Healthcare medicine Source Type: news
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