The Frequency of Mediastinal Injury in Acute Posterior Sternoclavicular Dislocations: A Multicenter Study

Conclusions: In this multicenter series of 125 APSCDs no injuries to the great vessels/mediastinal structures requiring intervention were identified. Although more than half of patients had evidence of extrinsic vascular compression at the time of injury, careful open reduction of acute injuries can be safely performed. Although vascular injuries following APSCD seem to be quite rare, vascular complications can be catastrophic. Treating providers should consider these data and their own institutional resources to maximize patient safety during the treatment of APSCD. Level of Evidence: Level III—therapeutic case control study.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Trauma Upper Extremity Source Type: research

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Conclusions: Patients undergoing operative management of triplane fractures achieved comparable functional outcomes scores without an increased incidence of complications when compared with patients undergoing nonoperative treatment. Further investigations analyzing outcomes at middle and long-term follow-up are necessary to determine the clinical utility of CT and various treatment modalities for the management of triplane fractures. Level of Evidence: Level IV—Systematic review.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Trauma Lower Extremity Source Type: research
This article describes the information that should be included in a radiology report to achieve a successful implantation. The justification to use CBCT during the preoperative planning phase is based on the need to evaluate patient-specific anatomy in detail (general condition of the jaw, bone quantity, and bone quality), the application of more advanced surgical techniques (maxillary sinus augmentation procedure, zygomatic implants), and the integrated presurgical planning and virtual patient approach. Postoperatively, CBCT is used when implant retrieval is anticipated and two-dimensional radiographs have not provided su...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
This article reviews different aspects of dental impaction and its possible effects on adjacent structures such as external root resorption, marginal bone loss, as well as describing structural dental anomalies. It provides a systematic analysis of their characteristic features and imaging findings for general radiologists to achieve a precise diagnosis and an optimal interpretation. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
This article describes the most characteristic and prevalent radiopaque and mixed lesions of the jaws and their imaging characteristics. Paget's disease, fibrous dysplasia, and rare sclerotic bone diseases of the maxillofacial bones are discussed elsewhere in this issue. Careful correlation of clinical presentation, panoramic radiographs, cone beam computed tomography, and histopathology are the cornerstones for appropriate lesion characterization. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
AbstractObjectivesTo compare diagnosis performance and effective dose of ultra-low-dose CT (ULD CT) versus radiographs in suspected spinal or pelvic ring or hip fracture for minor trauma.MethodsULD CT, in addition to radiography, was prospectively performed in consecutive patients admitted to the emergency department for minor traumas, during working hours over 2 months. Presence of a recent fracture was assessed by two blind radiologists independently. Sensitivities and specificities were estimated using the best valuable comparator (BVC) as a reference and using a latent class model in Bayesian inference (BLCM). Dosimetr...
Source: European Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
The aim of this study was to describe patients', radiographers' and radiography students ’ experiences of the developed 360° virtual counselling environment (360°VCE) for the coronary computed tomography angiography (cCTA).
Source: Radiography - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: research
In this study, we review the diagnosis of COVID-19 by using chest CT toward AI. We searched ArXiv, MedRxiv, and Google Scholar using the terms "deep learning", "neural networks", "COVID-19", and "chest CT". At the time of writing (August 24, 2020), there have been nearly 100 studies and 30 studies among them were selected for this review. We categorized the studies based on the classification tasks: COVID-19/normal, COVID-19/non-COVID-19, COVID-19/non-COVID-19 pneumonia, and severity. The sensitivity, specificity, precision, accuracy, area under the curve, and F1 score results were r...
Source: Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine - Category: Statistics Tags: Comput Math Methods Med Source Type: research
ConclusionIn the postmortem setting, ligamentum arteriosum calcification is a common finding in children  
Source: Pediatric Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Configuration of a posterior malleolus fracture has significant variation based on mechanism of injury and concomitant ankle injuries. Radiographs obtained during early workup of ankle trauma play a pivotal role in closed reduction, surgical planning and pre-operative management. Preoperative computed tomography helps distinguish fracture pathoanatomy. The purpose of this study is to relate measurements from traditional lateral radiographs with measurements on axial computed tomography. Imaging from a total of 22 patients treated at our institution from January 2008-2018 were evaluated.
Source: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Original Research Source Type: research
ConclusionAcute traumatic cerebrovascular injury is a prevalent complication in civilian PBI, frequently involving both the arterial and venous sinus systems. Although some radiographic features might be associated with presence of vascular injury, assessment of the intracranial vasculature in the acute phase of all PBI is essential for early diagnosis. Treatment of vascular injury remains variable depending on local practice.
Source: Neurocritical Care - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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