The Promise and Peril of Vaping

This report provides a detailed review of current scientific evidence on potential benefits and health risks associated with e-cigarette use.Recent FindingsE-cigarettes were introduced as a less harmful alternative to combustible cigarette smoking. However, evidence on their use as effective and safe smoking cessation aids remains inconclusive. Their rapid uptake among tobacco-naive individuals can lead to nicotine addiction and subsequent cigarette smoking.SummaryAlthough e-cigarettes appear to be relatively safer than combustible cigarettes, they expose users to known harmful constituents whose long-term health risks remain unknown. While e-cigarettes have the potential to aid in cessation of cigarette smoking when used as part of a structured cessation program, use among tobacco-naive youth and long-term dual use with combustible cigarettes should be strongly discouraged due to excess risk with dual use.
Source: Current Cardiology Reports - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Related Links:

AbstractDespite nascent research supporting the efficacy of classic psychedelics as a psychotherapeutic aid for the treatment of substance abuse, to date, there is limited published research exploring their use in the treatment of stimulant use disorder and dual diagnosis. A 22-year-old male with a history of mood disorder and polysubstance use presented to a private Australian mental health clinic. While undergoing psychological treatment for mood and stimulant use disorder, this patient reported significant benefit from his use of classic psychedelics. Following consumption of 3.5 grams of psilocybin-containing mushrooms...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - Category: Addiction Source Type: research
Conclusions: Earlier TTFC is a key indicator of greater nicotine dependence. Knowledge of a smoker's TTFC may allow clinicians to accurately inform smokers of health risks and assign greater resources during cessation attempts. Smokers may be able to use TTFC to self-select cessation aids and accurately assess their unique smoking-related health risks. TTFC may be a better item than cigarettes/day for accurately quantifying dependence and risk in epidemiologic studies.
Source: Journal of Addiction Medicine - Category: Addiction Tags: Original Research Source Type: research
Grants for research projects that develop or test innovative models of care which integrate HIV, substance use disorder (SUD) prevention and treatment with primary care services. Geographic coverage: Nationwide -- National Institute on Drug Abuse, National Institutes of Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Source: Funding opportunities via the Rural Health Information Hub - Category: American Health Source Type: funding
Funding Opportunity PAR-20-274 from the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts. This funding opportunity announcement will support the development and testing of enhanced models of care that are able to optimally integrate HIV, addiction, and primary care services.
Source: NIH Funding Opportunities (Notices, PA, RFA) - Category: Research Source Type: funding
Funding Opportunity PAR-20-273 from the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts. The purpose of this FOA is to support the testing of enhanced models of care that optimally integrate HIV, addiction, and primary care services.
Source: NIH Funding Opportunities (Notices, PA, RFA) - Category: Research Source Type: funding
The West Vancouver (Canada) police officer rang the doorbell of my house on Cypress Creek on a fine Tuesday afternoon in April. He told me that a citizen had seen me driving "wildly" the previous Friday afternoon on the Upper Levels Highway and handed me a letter. I thought back to that day. It had started with a large goblet of Chardonnay while making the kids' breakfast. I drove them to school, returned to the house and continued with the white wine. Then I got into the cocaine. Then I was too wired to do anything so I popped a Zopiclone, a tiny blue pill that is guaranteed to put me to sleep ...
Source: PickTheBrain | Motivation and Self Improvement - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: depression family featured psychology addiction anxiety grief recovery Source Type: blogs
Pausing to check his map, Sam confirms that he is on the right track for his next delivery, only 2 kilometres left. He takes the opportunity to quench his thirst and check if his delivery load is securely attached to his back; some contain fragile vials of medicines and digital pills susceptible to damage if handled inappropriately. After making sure of the integrity of those packages, Sam takes a final look at his surroundings. “It’s quite peaceful with nobody around,” he thinks to himself and resumes his path.  Upon arrival at his destination, his gear is disinfected before he has access to the ...
Source: The Medical Futurist - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: Artificial Intelligence Augmented Reality Digital Health Research Healthcare Design Healthcare Policy Telemedicine & Smartphones Virtual Reality fda gamification Fitbit covid19 Apple Watch WHO gaming roche MySugr Foldit A Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSIONS: In the German healthcare system without free access to evidence-based cessation therapy, low-income smokers are more likely to make a quit attempt but less likely to use cessation medication than high-income smokers. Equitable access to such medication is crucial to reduce SES-related health disparities. PMID: 32717499 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Addictive Behaviors - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: One in ten people with HIV in this cohort who received OAT services experienced high levels of both HIV and substance use stigma, which was associated with poorer mental health and less NGO support. Co-located HIV and OAT services were linked to better perceived quality of HIV care, but did not seem to reduce stigma for this key population. Stigma interventions for PWID, possibly delivered involving NGOs, may be an approach to mitigate this challenge. PMID: 32372534 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the International AIDS Society - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Int AIDS Soc Source Type: research
Purpose of review Opioids are potent drugs for the treatment of severe pain, but they are burdened by detrimental side-effects, such as respiratory depression, addiction, sedation and constipation. Their clinical application is undisputed in acute (e.g. perioperative) and cancer pain, but their use in chronic nonmalignant pain has met increasing scrutiny and has contributed to the opioid crisis. Thus, novel analgesics with reduced side-effects are badly needed. Recent findings Current research topics include enkephalinase inhibitors, allosteric and multivalent ligands, biased opioid receptor signaling and selective ac...
Source: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care - Category: Palliative Care Tags: PAIN: NON-MALIGNANT DISEASES: Edited by Anthony H. Dickenson and Kirsty Bannister Source Type: research
More News: Addiction | Cardiology | Heart | HIV AIDS | International Medicine & Public Health | Nicotine | Smokers