Non-adherence to hemodialysis regimens among patients on maintenance hemodialysis in sub-Saharan Africa: an example from Cameroon.

CONCLUSIONS: NA to HD regimens is common amongst patients in Cameroon. Younger age and being unmarried were the predictors of NA to fluid restriction. PMID: 33028122 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Renal Failure - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Ren Fail Source Type: research

Related Links:

This report details a unique presentation of a rare disease where kidney biopsy was instrumental.Case Rep Nephrol Dial 2020;10:104 –108
Source: Case Reports in Nephrology and Dialysis - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
ConclusionVancomycin is significantly removed during SLED with little rebound in serum concentrations 4  hours after completion of SLED. Based on study findings, patients who are critically ill require additional vancomycin dosing after each SLED session to maintain therapeutic post‐SLED vancomycin concentrations. Therapeutic drug monitoring of vancomycin is recommended during SLED.
Source: Pharmacotherapy: The Journal of Human Pharmacology and Drug Therapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research
Authors: Abasi K, Lotfi Z, Ahmadi M, Majd HM, Hasanzamani B Abstract INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary hypertension (PHTN) is a common complication in patients with chronic kidney disease. Delayed Graft Function (DGF), on the other hand; is an essential complication after kidney transplantation. These two complications increase morbidity and mortality in patients. The effect of PHTN on cardiovascular and graft blood supply, as well as the same mechanisms underlying PTHN and DGF; led us to investigate the relationship between them. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, 306 patients aged 18 years or older who underw...
Source: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Iran J Kidney Dis Source Type: research
We report a case of 69-year-old woman. In history, type II diabetes mellitus and arterial hypertension admitted to our hospital for the evaluation of leg pain, asthenia, diarrhea, and malaise. She was in the treatment with metformin and ARB. Laboratory data revealed renal failure: serum creatinine (Scr 16.5  mg/dl, BUN 280 mg/dl) hyperkalemia and severe anemia (Hb 7.8 g/dl). Renal ultrasound displayed preserved kidneys size. An X-ray of backbone showed fracture. She underwent hemodialysis in urgency regimen. After some days, urine output began to improve up to 1200 cc/24 h. we find proteinuria in n...
Source: CEN Case Reports - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
In this study, we focused on the association between low serum prealbumin levels and carpal tunnel syndrome in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients using low-flux dialysis reuse. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Serum prealbumin levels were assessed to determine the association between low serum prealbumin levels and CTS in 373 prevalent MHD patients (the mean age was 45 years old, hemodialysis duration was 46 months). The patients were divided into 2 groups: the CTS group with 44 patients and the non-CTS group with 329 patients. RESULTS: The prevalence of CTS was 11.8%. Serum prealbumin showed a good progno...
Source: Renal Failure - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Ren Fail Source Type: research
ConclusionVancomycin is significantly removed during SLED with little rebound in serum concentrations four hours upon completion of SLED. Based on study findings, critically ill patients require additional vancomycin dosing after each SLED session to maintain therapeutic post ‐SLED vancomycin concentrations. Therapeutic drug monitoring of vancomycin is recommended during SLED.
Source: Pharmacotherapy: The Journal of Human Pharmacology and Drug Therapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research
Authors: Ong CW, Yong E, Hong Q, Chandrasekar S, Quek LHH, Pua U, Tan GWL, Lo ZJ Abstract BACKGROUND: Endovascular balloon angioplasty is standard therapy for dysfunctional arteriovenous fistula in end-stage renal failure patients on hemodialysis. Venous antegrade or retrograde puncture of the fistula is typically performed to gain access for fistuloplasty. Transradial approach for brachiocephalic or brachiobasilic arteriovenous fistulas offers an alternative method of access with the advantage of addressing multi-focal juxta-anastomotic and venous stenosis from the same approach. We aim to review the efficacy, out...
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) on hemodialysis are at increased risk for developing infective endocarditis (IE). However, outcomes of surgical treatment for IE in these patients have not been well studied. METHODS: Between 1997 to 2017, 539 patients underwent surgery for IE. Of these patients, 125 were on hemodialysis for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and 414 had no history of CRF. Primary endpoints compared in this study were short- and long-term survival. RESULTS: Preoperatively, dialysis patients had higher incidences of diabetes (43% vs. 18%), hypertension (79% vs. 49...
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: Ann Thorac Surg Source Type: research
Authors: Baek SD, Jeung S, Kang JY, Jeon KH Abstract BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is common in end-stage renal disease patients. Besides the traditional risk factors, we aimed to find dialysis-specific factors for developing incident AF. METHODS: From March 2017 to August 2018, we retrospectively reviewed all outpatient-based prevalent hemodialysis patients in our artificial kidney room, and they were followed up until August 2019. Dialysate calcium concentration (3 versus 2.5 mEq/L), time length (4 versus 3.5 h), frequency (thrice weekly versus twice weekly), dialyzer size (effective surfac...
Source: Renal Failure - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Ren Fail Source Type: research
AbstractIntroductionCognitive dysfunction is a major consequence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and has further detrimental effects on both functionality and the quality of life for patients. While peritoneal dialysis is generally advocated in ESRD, there is a substantial knowledge gap about the differential effects of chronic dialysis modalities on cognitive dysfunction and decline. The aim of this meta-analysis is to evaluate cognitive function in peritoneal dialysis versus hemodialysis patients.MethodsWe performed a systematic review in different databases to identify studies that assessed the effect of different dia...
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
More News: African Health | Cameroon Health | Dialysis | Diets | Hemodialysis | Medical Ethics | Nutrition | Phosphorus | Renal Failure | Study | Urology & Nephrology