Risk factors of hyperkalemia after total parathyroidectomy in patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism.
Risk factors of hyperkalemia after total parathyroidectomy in patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism. Ren Fail. 2020 Nov;42(1):1029-1031 Authors: Zou Y, Zhang L, Zhou H, Yang Y, Yang M, Di J PMID: 33028124 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Ma H, Ouyang C, Huang Y, Xing C, Cheng C, Liu W, Yuan D, Zeng M, Yu X, Ren H, Yuan Y, Zhang L, Xu F, Cui Y, Ren W, Huang H, Qian H, Fan B, Wang N Abstract Purpose: Microwave ablation (MWA) is feasible for severe renal secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) and primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) patients ineligible for parathyroidectomy (PTX). Here we compared the clinical manifestations and characteristics of parathyroid glands in these two groups, and summarized the techniques, safety and efficacy of MWA.Methods: Baseline clinical characteristics, ablation-related techniques, adverse events/complications, a...
Conclusion: Results from our study show that most of the patients with renal hyperparathyroidism were symptomatic preoperatively and the most common clinical presentations were bone pain and muscle weakness. The significant predictor of early postoperative hypocalcemia after total parathyroidectomy was the preoperative alkaline phosphatase levels. PMID: 31909044 [PubMed]
ConclusionIn patients with CRF it’s difficult to diagnose parathyroid carcinoma, because its presentation mimics the most common secondary hyperparathyroidism; the concomitant presence of metastases should lead us to suspect malignant parathyroid lesions.Surgery is the only effective therapy and therefore should be always performed.
Conclusion: PTX is a safe and effective therapy for treating SHPT that is refractory to medical therapies and accompanied by related signs and symptoms in dialysis patients. All three operative techniques were effective in controlling SHPT. PMID: 31573378 [PubMed - in process]
Conclusions: 99mTc-MIBI SPECT/CT can increase the sensitivity and consistency of preoperative localization of eutopic parathyroid glands, and it can accurately locate ectopic parathyroid without sensitivity improvement. PMID: 31537128 [PubMed - in process]
Parathyroidectomy for patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism (sHPT) generally requires a four-gland exploration. Some groups have strongly recommended routine preoperative Tc-99m-sestamibi scans; others practice scanning for only selected patients. To determine the utility of sestamibi scans in this patient population, we reviewed our experience.
Rationale: Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) is often complicated with chronic renal failure. Though the total parathyroidectomy (TPTX) with forearm autotransplantation (FAT) has been commonly used to treatment refractory renal SHPT, the recurrence of SHPT is not infrequent, resulting from hyperplastic autograft, remnant parathyroid tissues, and supernumerary parathyroid gland (SPG). Patient concerns: A 67-year-old man undergoing TPTX+FAT 4 years previously for renal SHPT, who received regular hemodialysis with active vitamin D supplements of Rocaltrol treatment postoperatively, was admitted to our hospital with pr...
CONCLUSIONS: The effectiveness of cinacalcet were still obviously demonstrated even in chronic HD patients with severe SHPT. In addition, the improvements of bone markers and FGF-23, and stabilization of vascular calcification were observed. Therefore, cinacalcet can provide salutary effects on CKD-MBD in severe SHPT and might be an initially effective PTH-lowering therapy prior to surgical parathyroidectomy as well as an alternative treatment in the patients unsuitable for surgery. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT02056730. Date of registration: February 4, 2014. PMID: 31014177 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSIONS: Patients with severe SHPT are at increased risk of death while waiting for PTX. Clinical events like fracture were not used to prioritize patients beyond consecutive order. Therefore, optimizing priority criteria for PTX may result in improved survival in this population. PMID: 30942649 [PubMed - in process]
SummaryParathyroidectomy is useful for the treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) caused by chronic renal failure. The following three types of parathyroidectomy can be performed: subtotal parathyroidectomy, total parathyroidectomy and total parathyroidectomy plus autologous transplantation (tPTX+AT). Each of the three types of surgery has advantages and disadvantages. The present study retrospectively analyzed the efficacy of tPTX+AT for the treatment of SHPT over 1 year. Thirty-seven patients who were diagnosed with secondary nephrogenic hyperparathyroidism and treated with tPTX+AT were selected between Septem...