Burr hole microsurgery in treatment of patients with intracranial lesions: Experience of 44 clinical cases.

Conclusion: Burr hole microsurgery can treat different intracranial lesions effectively. Despite a smaller craniotomy diameter of 11-14 mm compared with keyhole approaches, surgery was successful. PMID: 33024593 [PubMed]
Source: Surgical Neurology International - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

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SUMMARY: Malignant epithelioid glioneuronal tumor is a rare high-grade, aggressive brain tumor that shows both glial and neuronal differentiation on histopathology but is not included in the current World Health Organization classification. The neuroimaging appearance is variable but may be secondary to the size of the mass and/or location of the tumor. In our series, all epithelioid glioneuronal tumors were encountered in the supratentorial space and included pineal, temporal, and extratemporal lobar cerebral hemisphere locations. When large, the tumors demonstrate cystic degeneration and necrosis, hemorrhage, contrast en...
Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: PEDIATRICS Source Type: research
Takao Teranishi, Shigeo Ohba, Yushi Kawazoe, Kazuhide Adachi, Kazuhiro Murayama, Seiji Yamada, Masato Abe, Mitsuhiro Hasegawa, Yuichi HiroseNeurology India 2020 68(4):894-896 Superficial siderosis is a rare disease resulting from the deposited hemosiderin owing to repeated subarachnoid hemorrhage. It has been reported that hemosiderin deposits on the brain surface and brain parenchyma causes nerve disorder, resulting in progressive and irreversible hearing loss, cerebellar ataxia and pyramidal disorder. The brain tumor is one of the cause of superficial siderosis. A 16-year-old female present a nearby hospital with compla...
Source: Neurology India - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractObjectivesPrimary Objective:The primary objective is to reduce initiation of mechanical ventilator dependency in patients with moderate to severe CoViD- 19. This will be measured as the difference between the control group and active group for subjects admitted to the hospital for CoViD-19.Secondary Objectives:• To evaluate cytokine trends / Prevent cytokine storms• To evaluate supplemental oxygen requirements• To decrease mortality of CoViD-19 patients• Delay onset of ventilationTrial designThe study is a single centre, 2-arm, prospective, randomized (ratio 1:1), controlled trial with parallel ...
Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Abstract OBJECTIVE: Awake surgery is becoming more standard and widely practiced for neurosurgical cases, including but not limited to brain tumors. The optimal selection of patients who can tolerate awake surgery remains a challenge. The authors performed an updated cohort study, with particular attention to preoperative clinical and imaging characteristics that may have an impact on the viability of awake craniotomy in individual patients. METHODS: The authors conducted a single-institution cohort study of 609 awake craniotomies performed in 562 patients. All craniotomies were performed by the same surgeon ...
Source: Journal of Neurosurgery - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: J Neurosurg Source Type: research
ConclusionThe DTI original image can be used as an alternative examination for patients with contraindications to contrast-enhanced MRI. It has high sensitivity to intratumoral hemorrhage, which has advantage to detect brain metastatic lesions as compared with T1WI or T2WI images.
Source: La Radiologia Medica - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Cancers, Vol. 12, Pages 1354: Incidence, Therapy, and Bleeding Risk—Cancer- Associated Thrombosis in Patients with Glioblastoma Cancers doi: 10.3390/cancers12061354 Authors: Viktoria Muster Thomas Gary Cancer is an independent risk factor for the development of venous thromboembolism (VTE). Glioblastomas are amongst cancer types with the most thrombogenic potential and patients are at a particularly high risk of VTE with an incidence up to 20–30% per year. Currently, major efforts are underway to gain novel insights into risk factors and pathomechanisms to provide a better understanding of develop...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Despite developing medical imaging methods and diagnostic studies, there are still some difficulties in making differential diagnosis of cerebrovascular events and malignant primary brain tumors. In some patients, further examination and imaging methods may be needed such as MR-spectroscopy (MRI-S), perfusion MR (Per-MRI), Digital substratioangiography (DSA). Despite all these neuroradiological examinations and multidiciplinary evaluation, distinction between CVE and MIT may be difficult, and medicolegal problems may be encountered. PMID: 32530485 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Turkish Neurosurgery - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: Turk Neurosurg Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis meta ‐analysis demonstrates that anticoagulation for VTE increases the risk of ICH in subjects with malignant brain tumors. Future studies are warranted to fully understand the best medical treatment of VTE in glioma patients.
Source: Brain and Behavior - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: REVIEW Source Type: research
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been the cornerstone of imaging of brain tumors in the past 4 decades. Conventional MRI remains the workhorse for neuro-oncologic imaging, not only for basic information such as location, extent, and navigation but also able to provide information regarding proliferation and infiltration, angiogenesis, hemorrhage, and more. More sophisticated MRI sequences have extended the ability to assess and quantify these features; for example, permeability and perfusion acquisitions can assess blood-brain barrier disruption and angiogenesis, diffusion techniques can assess cellularity and infiltra...
Source: Topics in Magnetic Resonance Imaging - Category: Radiology Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research
Authors: Hannon MJ, Thompson CJ Abstract Hyponatremia is a frequent occurrence in patients with neurosurgical disorders. Acute onset hyponatremia is particularly common in patients who have any type of cerebral insult, including traumatic brain injury, subarachnoid hemorrhage, and brain tumors. Furthermore, it is a common complication of intracranial procedures. Acute hyponatremia creates an osmotic gradient between the brain and the plasma, which promotes the movement of water from the plasma into brain cells, causing cerebral edema and neurological compromise. It is therefore far more likely to be symptomatic, an...
Source: Frontiers of Hormone Research - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Front Horm Res Source Type: research
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