Antimicrobial Potential of Streptomyces ansochromogenes (PB3) Isolated From a Plant Native to the Amazon Against Pseudomonas aeruginosa

The objective of this study was to evaluate the antibacterial action of filamentous bacteria isolated from the Byrsonima crassifolia leaf. An endophytic bacterium has been identified by classical and molecular techniques as Streptomyces ansochromogene. Screening for antibacterial action against pathogens with medical relevance (Klebsiella pneumoniae ATCC 700603, Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 15692, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 6538, Corynebacterium diphtheriae ATCC 27012, Mycobacterium abscessus, Cryptococcus gattii ATCC 24065, and Cryptococcus neoformans ATCC 24067) demonstrated activity against the bacterium P. aeruginosa ATCC 0030 with inhibition diameter zones (IDZ) of 17.6 ± 0.25 mm in the preliminary screening in solid medium. After fermentation in liquid medium, an IDZ of 19.6 ± 0.46 mm and a minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 0.5 mg/mL were detected. The antibiofilm action was observed with 100% inhibition of biofilm formation at a concentration of 0.250 mg/mL. When the infection curve was prepared, it was observed that the metabolite was effective in protecting the larvae of Tenebrio molitor. The metabolite does not show toxicity for eukaryotic cells. The leishmanicidal activity demonstrated that the metabolite presented a dose-dependent effect on the promastigotes forms of Leishmania amazonensis growth and the estimated IC50/72 h was 71.65 ± 7.4 μg/mL. Therefore, it can be concluded that the metabolite produced by the endophytic bacterium ...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

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Abstract Canine visceral leishmaniasis (CVL) is the major source of human visceral leishmaniasis. To control the spread of this disease, early and accurate detection of infected dogs is critical but challenging. The serological diagnosis of CVL remains problematic because there are no reliable commercially available tests. Most laboratories use enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay or the indirect immunofluorescent antibody test. These tests use Leishmania chagasi recombinant antigens K39 or K26 assembled with either gold-labelled Staphylococcus aureus protein A or protein G from Streptococcus pyogenes. In this work, ...
Source: Acta Tropica - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Acta Trop Source Type: research
This study reports the purification of ML-LAAO, a new LAAO from the venom of Micrurus lemniscatus snake (ML-V), using size exclusion chromatography. ML-LAAO is a 69-kDa glycoprotein that represents ∼ 2.0 % of total venom proteins. This enzyme exhibited optimal activity at pH 8.5, displaying high specificity toward hydrophobic L-amino acids. MALDI TOF/TOF and Blast analysis identified internal segments in ML-LAAO that share high sequence identity with homologous snake venom LAAOs. Western blot analysis on two-dimensional SDS-PAGE of ML-V using anti-LAAO revealed the presence of ML-LAAO isoforms (pI 6.3 - 8.9). ML-LAAO b...
Source: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Int J Biol Macromol Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate the phytochemical composition of hydroethanolic extracts from L. nepetifolia prepared from stems, leaves, roots and glomerulus, as well as their cytotoxicity, antileishmanial and antimicrobial activities. The chemical composition of the extracts was assessed by UPLC-ESI-MS/MS, whereas the antileishmanial activity was evaluated against promastigote and amastigote forms of Leishmania amazonensis. Cytotoxicity was tested on murine macrophages and the antimicrobial activity was investigated by a microdilution assay against several strains of fungi, Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. The f...
Source: Natural Product Research - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Nat Prod Res Source Type: research
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Source: An Acad Bras Cienc - Category: Science Authors: Tags: An Acad Bras Cienc Source Type: research
Abstract As a part of an ongoing bioprospective project, searching for potential medicinal plants from the Brazilian Atlantic Forest, Miconia willdenowii was selected for its potential leishmanicidal and antimicrobial activities. The crude ethanolic extract of M. willdenowii showed an inhibition of 99.7% of the promastigote forms of Leishmania amazonensis at the concentration of 80 μg/mL. Further investigation of its antimicrobial activity against pathogenic fungi and Gram positive and negative bacteria, revealed a significant antimicrobial activity. A bioguided study with its liquid-liquid partition fraction...
Source: Fitoterapia - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Fitoterapia Source Type: research
In this study the effects against Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Acinetobacterbaumannii, Streptococcus pyogenes, Proteus vulgaris, Salmonella typhi, Shigella spp., Candida albicans, Candida parapsilosis, Anopheles stephensi, Aedes aegypti, A. aegypti, A. albopictus, Culex pipiens, Trypanosoma brucei, Leishmania major, Trichomonas. Vaginalis, poliovirus type 1, coxsackie virus B, echovirus 6, West Nile Virus, herpes virus type 1, HSV-1 virus, Fusarium spp., Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus niger, C. albicans, Alternaria alternata, Setosphaeria turcica and Magnaporthe grisea was revealed. ...
Source: Comparative immunology, microbiology and infectious diseases. - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis Source Type: research
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Source: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Appl Microbiol Biotechnol Source Type: research
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Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
In this study the effects against Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Acinetobacterbaumannii, Streptococcus pyogenes, Proteus vulgaris, Salmonella typhi, Shigella spp., Candida albicans, Candida parapsilosis, Anopheles stephensi, Aedes aegypti, A. aegypti, A. albopictus, Culex pipiens, Trypanosoma brucei, Leishmania major, Trichomonas. Vaginalis, poliovirus type 1, coxsackie virus B, echovirus 6, West Nile Virus, herpes virus type 1, HSV-1 virus, Fusarium spp., Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus niger, C. albicans, Alternaria alternata, Setosphaeria turcica and Magnaporthe grisea was revealed.
Source: Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
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Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
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