Cultural Variations in Public Beliefs about Mental Disorders: A Comparison between Tunisia and Germany.

Conclusion: Marked differences between Tunisia and Germany exist in public beliefs about the causes of mental disorders and their treatment, which correspond to differences in cultural orientations prevailing in these countries. Mental health professionals need to be sensitive to the particular cultural context in which they operate, in order to be able to reach those they intend to care for. PMID: 33029184 [PubMed]
Source: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health Source Type: research

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People with serious mental illness (SMI), including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and major depressive disorder, have a higher mortality rate and shortened life expectancy. This is mainly attributable to physical diseases, particularly cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Important risk factors for CVDs are obesity and other metabolic abnormalities, which are especially prevalent in people with SMI. Several factors contribute to this increased risk, including unhealthy lifestyles. Psychotropic medication independently further increases this risk. In this review we want to examine the relationship between obesity and other co...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
In today’s show, Gabe talks with Robert Kolker, author of the New York Times bestselling — and Oprah’s book club pick — book Hidden Valley Road. This non-fiction biography is the true story of a mid-century American family besieged by schizophrenia. Of their 12 children, 6 struggled with the severe mental disorder.  Join us for the incredible story of the family who became science’s greatest hope in the quest to understand schizophrenia. SUBSCRIBE &REVIEW   Guest information for ‘Robert Kolker- Large Family Schizophrenia’ Podcast Episode Robert Kolker is the...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Family General Interview Schizophrenia The Psych Central Show Source Type: blogs
(E ö tv ö s Lor á nd University (ELTE), Faculty of Science) Researchers studied the major types of neurons of the prefrontal cortex of the brain in an international collaboration. The research team has identified molecular differences in neurons that may support drug development for the treatment of psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia or depression.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the frequency of Comorbid Fibromyalgia Syndrome and its effects on quality of life and activities of daily living without any known psychiatric problem (schizophrenia or bipolar disorder) or severe disability, other than depression, in patients with multiple sclerosis, which is known to be a chronic disease in young adults. Methods: The study included 103 patients diagnosed with multiple sclerosis, following McDonald criteria, who had relapsing remitting disease. The Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire, Beck Anxiety Inventory, Beck Depression Inventory, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, Fatig...
Source: Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Authors: Edinoff A, Ruoff MT, Ghaffar YT, Rezayev A, Jani D, Kaye AM, Cornett EM, Kaye AD, Viswanath O, Urits I Abstract Purpose of Review: Antipsychotics are the standard of care when it comes to the treatment of Schizophrenia, and they are often used in Bipolar as well. Their use can come with adverse effects such as extrapyramidal movements, metabolic complications as well as cardiovascular complications such as a prolonged QT interval. Treatment for these side effects ranges from the treatment of the complications up to the cessation of the medication, which could come at the expense of the user's stability. Bo...
Source: Psychopharmacology Bulletin - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: Psychopharmacol Bull Source Type: research
This article presents a survival analysis of long-term risk of firearm-related and other violent crime in a large sample of adults with serious mental illness in Florida, comparing those who received a gun-disqualifying civil commitment after a short-term hold, those who were evaluated for commitment but were released or hospitalized voluntarily, and a third group with no holds or commitments. Among 77,048 adults with a diagnosis of schizophrenia-spectrum disorder, bipolar disorder, or major depression, 42.7 percent were detained for psychiatric examination under Florida's Baker Act; of that detained group, 8.4 percent wer...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law - Category: Medical Law Tags: J Am Acad Psychiatry Law Source Type: research
This study assessed the impact of a recent (within past year) diagnosis of a mental disorder - including attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), bipolar disorder, depression and schizophrenia - on the risk for COVID-19 infection and related mortality and hospitalization rates. We analyzed a nation-wide database of electronic health records of 61 million adult patients from 360 hospitals and 317,000 providers, across 50 states in the US, up to July 29, 2020. Patients with a recent diagnosis of a mental disorder had a significantly increased risk for COVID-19 infection, an effect strongest for depression (adjusted o...
Source: World Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: World Psychiatry Source Type: research
Offering increasing financial incentives to patients recently prescribed antidepressants may increase the likelihood they take the medication as prescribed, suggests areport inJAMA Psychiatry. The pilot study also found patients who received the financial incentives over six weeks were more likely to report improvements in depression symptoms compared with those who received antidepressants only.For the study, Steven C. Marcus, Ph.D., of the University of Pennsylvania School of Social Policy and Practice and colleagues enrolled 120 patients aged 21 to 64 with depression (Patient Health Questionnaire-9 [PHQ-9] score of 10 o...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: antidepressants depression financial incentives JAMA Psychiatry medication adherence PHQ-9 remission response Source Type: research
Mindfulness meditation has become a promising intervention for promoting health and well-being. Neuroimaging studies have shown its beneficial effects on brain functional activity, connectivity, and structures following months to years of practice. A series of randomized controlled trials indicated that one form of mindfulness meditation, the integrative body-mind training (IBMT) induces brain functional and structural changes in brain regions related to self-control networks such as the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) after 2–10 h of practice. However, whether IBMT could change brain metabolism in the ACC rem...
Source: NeuroReport - Category: Neurology Tags: Integrative Systems Source Type: research
Aberrant hippocampal structure and function has been implicated in a variety of psychiatric disorders; however, the specific hippocampal circuits contributing to discrete symptom domains have not been extensively evaluated. The hippocampus has long been associated with the consolidation of declarative memory where dysfunction leads to amnesia (1); however, it is also intimately associated with emotion and stress responsivity where aberrant activity is associated with disorders such as schizophrenia and depression (2,3).
Source: Biological Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Commentary Source Type: research
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