Prevalence and Utilization of Obturator Artery Anatomic Variant in Autologous Breast Reconstruction

Conclusion Utilization of this anatomic variant in stacked or dual-pedicled autologous breast reconstruction results in antegrade IMA perfusion of both primary and secondary flaps, as well as improved size match compared with other anastomotic options. Knowledge of the vascular anatomy and variations in the inferior epigastric system is crucial to both preventing complications and optimizing flap planning and outcome. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text
Source: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

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AbstractCoronary chronic total occlusions (CTO) are common in patients undergoing coronary angiography, yet the optimal management strategy remains uncertain, with conflicting results from randomized trials. Appropriate patient selection and careful periprocedural planning are imperative for successful patient management. We review the role of adjunctive imaging modalities including myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI), cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR), echocardiography and computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) in myocardial ischemic quantification, myocardial viability assessment, as well as procedural pla...
Source: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology - Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewEstablishing a diagnosis of ischemic heart disease (IHD) in women, including assessment for coronary microvascular dysfunction (CMD) when indicated, can be challenging. Access to performance of invasive testing when appropriate may be limited, and noninvasive imaging assessments have evolved. This review will summarize the various noninvasive imaging modalities available for the diagnosis of IHD and CMD in women, outlining indications, performance modalities, advantages, and limitations.Recent FindingsWhile stress echocardiography and single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) myocardial pe...
Source: Current Atherosclerosis Reports - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To compare the utility of computed tomography perfusion (CTP) and three different 4-point scoring systems in computed tomography angiography (CTA) in confirming brain death (BD) in patients with and without skull defects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety-two patients clinically diagnosed as BD using CTA and/or CTP for confirmation were retrospectively reviewed. For the final analysis, 86 patients were included in this study. Images were re-evaluated by three radiologists according to the 4-point scoring systems that consider the vessel opacification on 1) the venous phase for both M4 segments...
Source: Korean J Radiol - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Korean J Radiol Source Type: research
ConclusionPerforming complementary CT techniques such as CTA and CTP for the assessment of acute stroke increases total radiation exposure. Hence, the revised DRLs for the complete protocol are required, where our local DRLs may help as benchmarks.
Source: Neuroradiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Sequential assessment using CT coronary angiography (coronary CT) and nuclear myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) is considered an anatomical and functional evaluation of coronary artery disease (CAD). However, there can be unexpected radiation exposure. Hybrid MPI with stress-only nuclear MPI and rest CT-MPI using coronary CT may contribute to reducing the radiation dose in sequential assessment with nuclear MPI after coronary CT. We analyzed the diagnostic performance and total radiation dose of hybrid MPI for detection of significant CAD compared with sequential assessment using nuclear MPI ...
Source: Circulation Journal - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Circ J Source Type: research
AbstractTakotsubo syndrome (TTS) is a complex and still poorly recognized heart disease with a wide spectrum of possible clinical presentations. Despite its reversibility, it is associated with serious adverse in-hospital events and high complication rates during follow-up. Multimodality imaging is helpful for establishing the diagnosis, guiding therapy, and stratifying prognosis of TTS patients in both the acute and post-acute phase. Echocardiography plays a key role, particularly in the acute care setting, allowing for the assessment of left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic function and the identification of the t...
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
This study investigated whether changes in computed tomography perfusion (CTP) parameter can determine indications for ET in CV and predict its effectiveness. Methods: Participants comprised 140 patients who underwent neck clipping or coil embolization. CTP was performed a week after aneurysmal treatment or when clinical deterioration had occurred. Patients were divided into ET and non-ET groups by propensity score matching. In addition, the ET group was divided into subgroups with and without new cerebral infarction (CI). All CTP images in the three groups were retrospectively investigated qualitatively and quantitati...
Source: Surgical Neurology International - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death among patients in China, and cardiac computed tomography (CT) is one of the most commonly used examination methods for CVD. Coronary artery CT angiography can be used for the morphologic evaluation of the coronary artery. At present, cardiac CT functional imaging has become an important direction of development of CT. At present, common CT functional imaging technologies include transluminal attenuation gradient, stress dynamic CT myocardial perfusion imaging, and CT-fractional flow reserve. These three imaging modes are introduced and analyzed in this review.Cardiology
Source: Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
AbstractThe life expectancy of people infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is rising due to better access to combination anti-retroviral therapy (ART). Although ART has reduced acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) related mortality and morbidity, there has been an increase in non-AIDS defining illnesses such as diabetes mellitus, hypercholesterolemia and coronary artery disease (CAD). HIV is a disease marked by inflammation which has been associated with specific biological vascular processes increasing the risk of premature atherosclerosis. The combination of pre-existing risk factors, atherosclerosis, A...
Source: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology - Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: This research suggests that SAP appears to be an effective method to prevent HPS for patients with a high risk of HPS. PMID: 32772622 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Interventional Neuroradiology - Category: Radiology Tags: Interv Neuroradiol Source Type: research
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