Craniopharyngioma in the elderly: a multicenter and nation-wide study in spain
Conclusion. CP diagnosed in the elderly shows a similar distribut ion by sex and histologic forms than that diagnosed at younger ages. At presentation visual field alterations and headaches are the main clinical symptoms which improve substantially with surgery. However, surgery, mainly NTR, is accompanied by worsening of pituitary function, especially DI, which s eems to be a predictor of mortality in this population.
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2020Source: Cirugía Española (English Edition)Author(s): Victoria Lucas-Guerrero, Mireia Pascua-Solé, José Luis Ramos Rodríguez, Anna Trinidad Borrás, Carlos González de Pedro, José María Jover Navalón, Pere Rebasa, Eduardo M. Targarona Soler, Xavier Serra-Aracil, on behalf of the Comisión Nacional de la Especialidad de Cirugía General y del Aparato Digestivo, de la Sección de Formación de la Asociación Española de Cirujanos
CONCLUSION: The proposed PHARMAC criteria will give access to these important drugs to those people with T2DM who will likely benefit the most. PMID: 33032305 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Siamashvili M, Davis S Abstract INTRODUCTION: Bromocriptine mesylate quick release (QR) is a dopamine D2 receptor agonist and is the only oral, primarily centrally acting drug that can be used for the treatment of adults with type 2 diabetes. AREAS COVERED: The authors describe current recommendations on the use of bromocriptine mesylate QR. Major efficacy and safety parameters of the late phase trials, including The Cycloset Safety Trial, have been identified and presented. EXPERT OPINION: Efficacy of bromocriptine mesylate QR monotherapy appears to be low but is compensated by favorable safety pr...
Publication date: Available online 10 October 2020Source: Social Science &MedicineAuthor(s): Paola Bertoli, Veronica Grembi, Catalina Llaneza Hesse, Judit Vall Castelló
Publication date: December 2020Source: Journal of Functional Foods, Volume 75Author(s): Tingting Wang, Lin Zheng, Tiantian Zhao, Qi Zhang, Zhitong Liu, Xiaoling Liu, Mouming Zhao
CONCLUSION: Presentation of fever, headache, diabetes insipidus, hypopituitarism and a sellar cystic mass with an enhanced rim after gadolinium contrast on pituitary magnetic resonance imaging may be suggestive of a pituitary abscess. Transsphenoidal endoscopic surgery, proper antibiotics and appropriate hormone replacement therapy when necessary are the keys of pituitary abscess treatment. PMID: 31785217 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSIONS: TC is a special subtype of suprasellar craniopharyngioma, which is remarkably different from NC. Identification of this type of tumor preoperatively is essential for the planning of appropriate surgical approach and degree of excision. PMID: 31200374 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Abstract The differentiation of cystic lesions located in the sellar-suprasellar region is a significant problem in clinical practice because of the similarities in their clinical, radiological, and even histopathological picture. Arriving at the right diagnosis is vital for taking appropriate therapeutic decisions. The most frequent clinical manifestation of lesions located in the sellar-suprasellar region is headache. It often co-exists with symptoms of anterior pituitary gland insufficiency or hyperprolactinaemia caused by compression of the pituitary stalk. Diabetes insipidus, obe-sity, mental disorders, and c...
ConclusionsExtreme hypernatremia is rare, and the literature on electrocardiographic changes occurring at such high levels of sodium is scarce. At present there are no established guidelines on rate and mode of correction of such high sodium levels. This case highlights the electrocardiographic changes observed during extreme hypernatremia, controversies in managing increased intracranial pressure with hypertonic saline, and dilemmas encountered in managing extreme hypernatremia.