Comparison of effects of triple antithrombotic therapy and dual antiplatelet therapy on long-term outcomes of acute myocardial infarction

This study aimed to compare the long-term outcome of triple antithrombotic therapy (TAT) with that of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) after AMI. This was a nationwide, propensity score-matched, case –control study of 186,112 first AMI patients, of whom 2,825 received TAT comprising aspirin, clopidogrel, and warfarin. Propensity score matching in a ratio of 1:4 by age, sex, comorbidities, and treatment was adopted, Finally, 2,813 AMI patients and 11,252 matched controls that were administered TAT and DAPT (aspirin and clopidogrel), respectively, were included in our analysis. The 12-year overall survival rate did not differ between both strategies (P = .3167). TAT was beneficial in old age (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.92), female sex (HR = 0.86), atrial fibrillation (AF) (HR = 0.80), hypertension (HR = 0.92), cerebrovascular accident (HR = 0.90), and in the absence of percutaneous coronary intervention (HR = 0.79). TAT red uced the rate of recurrent myocardial infarction (P = .0108) but did not affect the rate of stroke (P = .4867), gastrointestinal bleeding (P = .3889), or intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) (P = .3449). TAT reduces the incidence of recurrent myocardial infarction and does not increase the risk of major bleeding, while compared to DAPT.
Source: Heart and Vessels - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

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Conclusions The frequency of prescribing errors was 34% in a tertiary care hospital. Being a patient with prophylactic LMWH use on a medical ward is a determinant for LMWH prescribing error. Interventions that will lead to better electronic recording of body weight and more awareness among medical doctors may reduce the total number of prescribing errors.
Source: Journal of Patient Safety - Category: Health Management Tags: Original Studies Source Type: research
ConclusionAdjuvant SGB may be coupled to endovascular therapy to treat refractory cerebral vasopasm within the same session. To guide needle placement, using a roadmap of the supra-aortic arteries may decrease the risk of complications. More prospective data is needed to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy, durability, and safety of SGB compared with the established standard of care.
Source: Neuroradiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Conclusiones : Confirma datos internacionales sobre la relación significativa entre Diabetes Mellitus tipo 1 y enfermedad periodontal.Resumo Diabetes Mellitus é uma doença crônica com repercussões bucais; não há dados no Uruguai. Objetivo: Determinar se o estado de saúde bucal de crianças com Diabetes Mellitus tipo 1 é significativamente diferente de crianças sem diabetes. Método: Caso-controle, estudo observacional e analítico. 86 crianç as foram avaliadas em dois grupos: DM1) diabeticos tipo 1, de 8 a 12 años, frequent...
Source: Odontoestomatologia - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
Resumen Paciente de 78 a ños consulta por sangrado sin resolución, a nivel del reborde alveolar maxilar izquierdo. Con antecedentes de metástasis óseas tratadas con ácido zoledrónico endovenoso discontinuado por alta médica y tratamiento quirúrgico previo de osteonecrosis maxilar en sitio afectado. Se observó disru pción de continuidad con inflamación a nivel del reborde óseo, con salida de contenido hemático, purulento y necrótico. Radiográficamente se observó radiolucidez difusa y osteolítica del á...
Source: Odontoestomatologia - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
This study aimed to examine the efficacy and safety profile of edoxaban in women versus men. METHODS: The ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 trial (Effective Anticoagulation with Factor Xa Next Generation in Atrial Fibrillation-Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction 48) randomly assigned 21 105 patients (8040 women) with atrial fibrillation and CHADS2 score ≥2 either to a higher-dose edoxaban regimen, a lower-dose edoxaban regimen, or warfarin. The primary end points of the trial were the composite of stroke or systemic embolic events (efficacy), and International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis-defined major bleeding (...
Source: Circulation - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Circulation Source Type: research
Atrial fibrillation is the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia in the general population. In western countries with aging populations, atrial fibrillation poses a significant health concern, as it is associated with a high risk of thromboembolism, stroke, congestive heart failure, and myocardial infarction. Thrombi are generated in the left atrial appendage, and subsequent embolism into the cerebral circulation is a major cause of ischemic stroke. Therefore, patients have a lifetime risk of stroke, and those at high risk, defined as a CHA2DS2-VASc2 (congestive heart failure, hypertension, age>75 years, diabetes mel...
Source: Cardiology in Review - Category: Cardiology Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research
ConclusionsFactor Xa inhibitors may be viable treatment options for CF-LVAD patients for whom warfarin therapy has failed. Large prospective studies are necessary to confirm these results.
Source: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
AbstractDirect oral anticoagulants (DOACs), such as rivaroxaban, reduce the risk of stroke and systemic embolism in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). However, it is still unclear whether the stroke reduction benefit outweighs the bleeding risk in elderly Japanese patients with NVAF. The Xarelto Post-Authorization Safety and Effectiveness Study in Japanese Patients with Atrial Fibrillation (XAPASS) was a real-world, prospective observational, post-marketing surveillance study on the safety and effectiveness of rivaroxaban in Japanese clinical practice. This sub-analysis evaluated the clinical outcomes of...
Source: Heart and Vessels - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Conclusion: In ischemic stroke or TIA patients with platelet count within normal range, platelet count may be a qualified predictor for long-term recurrent stroke, mortality, and poor functional outcome. Introduction Platelets exert a critical role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerotic complications of cardio-cerebrovascular disease, contributing to thrombus formation, and embolism (1, 2). Previous literature reported that platelets of various size and density are produced by megakaryocytes of different size and stages of maturation in different clinical conditions, suggesting various platelet patterns in differen...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusions. The results of this real-life study show that in unselected patients with R/R CLL the clinical activity of ibrutinib was comparable to that reported in CTs. However, a third of patients discontinued ibrutinib within 24 months from the start of treatment. An earlier introduction of ibrutinib in the treatment approach of R/R patients, a careful surveillance and management of toxicities will optimise the clinical benefits of ibrutinib in CLL patients treated in the clinical practice.DisclosuresMauro: Abbvie: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Speakers Bureau; Shire: Membership on...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 642. CLL: Therapy, excluding Transplantation: Poster II Source Type: research
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