How Effective is Neoadjuvant Endocrine Therapy (NET) in Downstaging the Axilla and Achieving Breast-Conserving Surgery?
We reported nodal and breast downstaging rates with NET, and compared axillary response rates following NET and neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC).MethodsConsecutive stage I –III breast cancer patients treated with NET and surgery from January 2009 to December 2019 were identified from a prospectively maintained database. Nodal pCR rates were compared between biopsy-proven node-positive patients treated with NET, and HR+/HER2- patients treated with NAC from November 2 013 to July 2019.Results127 cancers treated with NET and 338 with NAC were included. NET recipients were older, more likely to have lobular and lower-grade tumors, and higher HR expression. With NET, the nodal pCR rate was 11% (4/38) of biopsy-proven cases, and the breast pCR rate was 1.6% (2/126). Nodal-dowstaging rates with NET and NAC were not significantly different (11% vs 18%;P = 0.37). Patients achieving nodal pCR with NET versus NAC were older (median age 70 vs 50,P = 0.004) and had greater progesterone receptor (PR) expression (85% vs 13%,P = 0.031), respectively. Of patients not candidates for BCS due to a large tumor relative to breast size, 36/47 (77%) became BCS-eligible with NET (median PR expression 55% vs 5% in those remaining ineligible,P
This study results in an effective target cell-specific NLS therapeutic and a general approach to guide future NLS-based development initiatives. PMID: 33024794 [PubMed]
AbstractIntroductionPrediction models are useful to guide decision making. Our goal was to compare three published nomograms predicting axillary response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC), clinically node-positive breast cancer.MethodsPatients with cT1 –T4, cN1–N3 breast cancer treated with NAC and surgery from 2008 to 2019 were reviewed. The predicted probability of pathologic node-negative (ypN0) status was estimated for each nomogram. Area under the curve (AUC) was compared across models, overall and by biologic subtype.ResultsOf 581 patients, 253 (43.5%) were ypN0. ypN0 status varied by subtype: 23.9% for e...
Nano LettersDOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.0c02644
In this study, we found that ZBTB1 is down-regulated in breast cancer and this down-regulation is associated with poor outcome of breast cancer patients. ZBTB1 suppresses breast cancer cell proliferation and tumor growth. The majority of breast cancers are estrogen receptor (ER) positive and selective estrogen receptor modulators such as tamoxifen have been widely used in the treatment of these patients. Unfortunately, many patients develop resistance to endocrine therapy. Tamoxifen-resistant cancer cells often exhibit higher HER2 expression and an increase of glycolysis. Our data revealed that ZBTB1 plays a critical role ...
Immune response and immunotherapy play important roles in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). However, it is difficult to judge whether cancer is “immune-inactivated” or “immune-activated” by the carcinoma itself. The immune reaction of the microenvironment or the host to the tumor might be more informative. We assumed that clinically enlarged but pathologically negative regional lymph nodes served as an indicator for early immune response to tumors. First, we identified women with pN0 breast cancer disease from the current Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database, and we compared the ...
CONCLUSION: Our findings showed how sensitivity to high NRF1 transcriptional activity coupled with its target gene signatures contribute to racial differences in luminal A and TN breast cancer subtypes. This knowledge may be useful in personalized intervention to prevent and treat this clinically challenging problem. PMID: 32705365 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
CONCLUSIONS: IHC of single proteins or heatmap subgroups of the differentially activated PI3K/MAPK pathways was not able to discriminate patients on EVE/EXE with poor or better PFS. Upregulation of p-4EBP1 in pre-treatment biopsies as compared to levels in primary tumours pointed towards shorter PFS. PMID: 32566979 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
CONCLUSION: The probability of nodal positivity after neoadjuvant chemotherapy was less than 3 per cent in patients with TNBC or HER2-positive disease who achieved a breast rCR on MRI. These patients could be included in trials investigating the omission of sentinel node biopsy after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. PMID: 33031572 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSION: Results suggest that nationwide, clinics prioritise reliability and availability of ER and HER2 status, replacing FNAC by CNB. However, for optimal treatment planning for all patients, availability of pre-operative receptor status warrants further improvement. PMID: 33030998 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSION: Bilateral BC was diagnosed in as many as 19.5% of the Slovenian BC patients with CHEK2 PV/LPVs. Breast cancer associated with a germline CHEK2 PV/LPV occurs in younger patients compared with sporadic BC. PMID: 33030641 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]