Undertriage Despite Use of Geriatric-Specific Trauma Team Activation Guidelines : Who Are We Missing?

The objective of this study was to determine whether implementation of geriatric-specific trauma team activation (TTA) protocols appropriately identified severely-injured elderly patients. METHODS: This single-center retrospective study evaluated all severely injured (injury severity score [ISS]>15), geriatric (≥65 years) patients admitted to our Level 1 tertiary-care hospital between January 2014 and September 2017. Undertriage was defined as the lack of TTA despite presence of severe injuries. The primary outcome was all-cause in-hospital mortality; secondary outcomes were mortality within 48 hours of admission and urgent hemorrhage control. A multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to identify predictors of appropriate triage in this study. RESULTS: Out of 1039 severely injured geriatric patients, 628 (61%) did not undergo TTA. Undertriaged patients were significantly older and had more comorbidities. In-hospital mortality was 5% and 31% in the undertriaged and appropriately triaged groups, respectively (P
Source: The American Surgeon - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Am Surg Source Type: research

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Authors: Sabet Sarvestani F, Azarpira N Abstract Heart and cerebral infarctions, as two important ischemic diseases, lead to the death of tissues due to inadequate blood supply and high mortality worldwide. These statuses are started via blockage of vessels and depletion of oxygen and nutrients which affected these areas. After reperfusion and restoration of oxygen supply, more severe injury was mediated by multifaceted cascades of inflammation and oxidative stress. microRNAs (miRNAs) as the regulator of biological and pathological pathways can adjust these conditions by interaction with their targets. Also, miRNAs...
Source: Immunological Investigations - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Immunol Invest Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Considering the low number of university students disclosing sexual assaults to health professionals or support services, the results of this survey suggest more work is needed to facilitate greater disclosures to health professionals enabling victims to access the services they need regardless of alcohol use. PMID: 33032303 [PubMed - in process]
Source: New Zealand Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: N Z Med J Source Type: research
DEMENTIA can be tricky to pick up on in the earliest stages. However, mounting research indicates a certain time of day when symptoms may be more noticeable. What time do you need to be on full alert?
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2020Source: NeuropsychologiaAuthor(s): Erin L. Meier, Shannon M. Sheppard, Emily B. Goldberg, Catherine R. Head, Delaney M. Ubellacker, Alexandra Walker, Argye E. Hillis
Source: Neuropsychologia - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Fight Aging! provides a weekly digest of news and commentary for thousands of subscribers interested in the latest longevity science: progress towards the medical control of aging in order to prevent age-related frailty, suffering, and disease, as well as improvements in the present understanding of what works and what doesn't work when it comes to extending healthy life. Expect to see summaries of recent advances in medical research, news from the scientific community, advocacy and fundraising initiatives to help speed work on the repair and reversal of aging, links to online resources, and much more. This content is...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Objective: To compare comorbidities and use of surgery and palliative care between men and women with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Methods: The Ethnic/Racial Variations of Intracerebral Hemorrhage (ERICH) study is a prospective, multicenter, case-control study of ICH risk factors and outcomes. We compared comorbidities, treatments, and use of do-not-resuscitate (DNR) orders in men vs women. Multivariate analysis was used to assess the likelihood of ICH surgery and palliative care after adjustment for variables that were p
Source: Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: All Cerebrovascular disease/Stroke, Intracerebral hemorrhage ARTICLE Source Type: research
Conclusions:Presence of pRBD was associated with a higher risk of developing stroke, including both ischemic and hemorrhagic types. Future studies with clinically confirmed RBD and a longer follow-up would be appropriate to further investigate this association.Study Supported by: The National Institute of Neurological Disorders And Stroke at the National Institutes of Health (NINDS 5R21NS087235-02 to X.G.)Disclosure: Dr. Ma has nothing to disclose. Dr. Pavlova has received research support from Lundbeck and Biomobie Corporation. Dr. Liu has nothing to disclose. Dr. Liu has nothing to disclose. Dr. Huangfu has nothing to di...
Source: Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Neuroepidemiology: Cerebrovascular Disease I Source Type: research
This study builds on preliminary findings from the first phase of the INTERSTROKE study, which identified ten modifiable risk factors for stroke in 6,000 participants from 22 countries. The full-scale INTERSTROKE study included an additional 20,000 individuals from 32 countries in Europe, Asia, America, Africa and Australia, and sought to identify the main causes of stroke in diverse populations, young and old, men and women, and within subtypes of stroke. To estimate the proportion of strokes caused by specific risk factors, the investigators calculated the population attributable risk for each factor (PAR; an esti...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSIONS: Olfactory and gustatory dysfunction was associated with increased short-term future risks of stroke. Further studies with larger sample size and objective measures of olfactory and gustatory function are warranted to confirm our findings.Disclosure: Dr. Ma has nothing to disclose. Dr. Huang has nothing to disclose. Dr. Wu has nothing to disclose. Dr. Yuan has nothing to disclose. Dr. He has nothing to disclose. Dr. Chen has nothing to disclose. Dr. Wu has nothing to disclose. Dr. Gao has nothing to disclose.
Source: Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Neuroepidemiology: Cerebrovascular Disease Source Type: research
Conclusions: Many unnecessary tests are obtained to evaluate syncope. Selecting tests based on history and examination and prioritizing less expensive and higher yield tests would ensure a more informed and cost-effective approach to evaluating older patients with syncope._____________________________________________________________________________4)    Reed MJ.  The ROSE (Risk Stratification of syncope in the emergency department) Study.  J Am Coll Cardiol, 2010; 55:713-721, doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2009.09.049  Objectives: The aim of this study was to develop and validate a clinical deci...
Source: Dr. Smith's ECG Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: blogs
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