The potential role of cocaine and heroin co-use in the opioid epidemic in the United States.

CONCLUSIONS: Screening, outreach, clinical treatment, and first responders should be aware of increasing patterns of polysubstance use and the potential implications of co-use of heroin and cocaine on first responders' intervention and the potential role of increasing exposure to multiple substances on overdose outcomes in the US. PMID: 33022537 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Addictive Behaviors - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

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The opioid epidemic has increased overdose deaths 3-fold from 1999 to 2014, with particular impact felt in Ohio. The majority of opioid addictions start with a prescription written by a healthcare provider. We sought to identify differences between opioids prescribed and patient-reported opioid use within our hernia practice to help determine the appropriate amount of opioids to prescribe after hernia operation.
Source: Journal of the American College of Surgeons - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: General surgery Source Type: research
Data from an emergency department in Richmond suggests that the number of nonfatal opioid-related overdoses may have risen during the first few months of the COVID-19 pandemic, particularly among people who are Black. Thefindings were published inJAMA.Taylor A. Ochalek, Ph.D., of Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU) and colleagues compared the number of nonfatal opioid overdoses recorded in electronic medical records from VCU ’s Emergency Department from March to June 2019 with those that occurred from March to June 2020—the first few months of the COVID-19 pandemic. They found nonfatal opioid overdoses incre...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: black COVID-19 emergency department JAMA nonfatal overdose opioid pandemic Source Type: research
More than 25 million Americans suffer from daily chronic pain, a highly debilitating medical condition that is complex and difficult to manage. In recent decades, there has been an overreliance on the prescription of opioids for chronic pain, contributing to a significant and alarming epidemic of opioid overdose deaths and addiction. Innovative scientific solutions to develop non-opioid, non-addictive alternative treatment options are thus urgently needed. One of the goals of the Helping to End Addiction Long-term (HEAL) Initiative is to accelerate the discovery and preclinical development of new medications and devices t...
Source: Videocast - All Events - Category: General Medicine Tags: Upcoming Events Source Type: video
More than 25 million Americans suffer from daily chronic pain, a highly debilitating medical condition that is complex and difficult to manage. In recent decades, there has been an overreliance on the prescription of opioids for chronic pain, contributing to a significant and alarming epidemic of opioid overdose deaths and addiction. Innovative scientific solutions to develop non-opioid, non-addictive alternative treatment options are thus urgently needed. One of the goals of the Helping to End Addiction Long-term (HEAL) Initiative is to accelerate the discovery and preclinical development of new medications and devices t...
Source: Videocast - All Events - Category: General Medicine Tags: Upcoming Events Source Type: video
ConclusionThe findings suggest prescribed opioid receipt is a risk factor for CAP. The included studies examined post-operative patients and patients with chronic medical conditions. Further research is needed to examine the impact of opioids on the incidence of CAP in an otherwise healthy population.
Source: Journal of General Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Source Type: research
AbstractOpioid-related death and overdose have now reached epidemic proportions. In response to this public health crisis, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) launched the Helping to End Addiction Long-term InitiativeSM, or NIH HEAL InitiativeSM, an aggressive, trans-agency effort to speed scientific solutions to stem the national opioid public health crisis. Herein, we describe two NIH HEAL Initiative programs to accelerate development of non-opioid, non-addictive pain treatments: The Preclinical Screening Platform for Pain (PSPP) and Early Phase Pain Investigation Clinical Network (EPPIC-Net). These resources are pro...
Source: Neurotherapeutics - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusions: The results of the current study substantiate the effectiveness of naloxone in reversing overdose symptoms. A brief, 15-minute naloxone training delivered by nonmedical personnel enhanced overdose knowledge and led to positive reversal outcomes. Training persons who use opioids in dyads may offer additional benefits and improve follow-up reporting.
Source: Journal of Addiction Medicine - Category: Addiction Tags: Original Research Source Type: research
Abstract Chronic pain is considered a public health crisis due to its high prevalence, impact, costs, and disparities in pain prevalence and treatment. In parallel, drug overdose, particularly due to opioids, has become an epidemic in the United States, prompting a public health crisis concerning harms associated with both prescribed opioid therapy for chronic pain and illicit opioid use. The purpose of this special issue is to highlight state-of-the-art psychological research that addresses the combined issues of chronic pain and harms associated with opioids. Articles included in this special issue focus on 2 re...
Source: The American Psychologist - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Am Psychol Source Type: research
Authors: Dong X, Rashidian S, Wang Y, Hajagos J, Zhao X, Rosenthal RN, Kong J, Saltz M, Saltz J, Wang F Abstract Opioid addiction in the United States has come to national attention as opioid overdose (OD) related deaths have risen at alarming rates. Combating opioid epidemic becomes a high priority for not only governments but also healthcare providers. This depends on critical knowledge to understand the risk of opioid overdose of patients. In this paper, we present our work on building machine learning based prediction models to predict opioid overdose of patients based on the history of patients' electronic hea...
Source: AMIA Annual Symposium Proceedings - Category: Bioinformatics Tags: AMIA Annu Symp Proc Source Type: research
Ohio is one of the hardest-hit states in the United States when it comes to opioid overdose deaths. Confronted with over 4,000 opioid overdose deaths in 2017, the Ohio Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services launched the Community Collective Imp...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
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