‘Mothers moving towards empowerment’ intervention to reduce stigma and improve treatment adherence in pregnant women living with HIV in Botswana: study protocol for a pragmatic clinical trial

This study will test MME against treatment as usual (TAU) among pregnant mothers diagnosed with HIV and their infants. Outcomes will be assessed during pregnancy and 16  weeks postpartum. Women who meet eligibility criteria are assigned to MME or TAU. Women assigned to MME are grouped with others with similar estimated delivery dates, completing up to eight intervention group sessions scheduled before week 36 of their pregnancies. Primary outcomes among mothers in clude (i) reducing self-stigma, which is hypothesized to mediate improvements in (ii) psychological outcomes (quality of life, depression and social functioning), and (iii) adherence to antenatal care and ART. We will also examine a set of follow-up infant birth outcomes (APGAR score, preterm delive ry, mortality (at
Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials

Related Links:

Conclusion: Suicidal ideation and associated feelings of hopelessness are a critical challenge in antenatal care among women living with HIV, with important implications for quality of life, care engagement, and survival. To better support patients, targeted approaches to address anxiety, depression, stigma, and hopelessness must be prioritized, including crisis support for suicide prevention.
Source: AIDS - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: EPIDEMIOLOGY AND SOCIAL Source Type: research
This study fills that gap by including all mothers in specified areas. A cohort study examines MLH in Cape Town, South Africa recruited in pregnancy and followed repeatedly for 5  years, compared to MWOH. Almost all (98%) pregnant women in 12 neighborhoods (N = 594) were recruited in pregnancy. Mothers and children were reassessed five times over 5 years with high retention rates at each of the six assessments, from 98.7% at 2 weeks to 82.8% at 5 years post-birth. ML H’s uptake and adherence to HIV care was evaluated over time associated with maternal comorbidities of alcohol use, de...
Source: AIDS and Behavior - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
This study sought to understand how women’s attitudes towards ART changes between the pregnancy and postpartum periods, and the factors associated with these attitudes. The study enrolled 200 pregnant women living with HIV. Structured surveys were administered during pregnancy and at three and 6 months postpartum. Overall, attitudes towards ART were stable over time. More positive attitudes towards ART were associated with HIV acceptance, lower levels of depression, and lower levels of shame. Counselling interve ntions are needed to help HIV-infected women accept their status and reduce shameful emotions. Depres...
Source: AIDS and Behavior - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Conclusion: Probable antenatal depression was not associated with engagement in HIV care through 12 months post-ART initiation. In a population with high HIV care engagement, antenatal depression may not impair HIV-related outcomes.
Source: AIDS - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: CONCISE COMMUNICATIONS Source Type: research
AbstractIn developing countries, up to 20% of maternal deaths during pregnancy are due to suicide, and being HIV-infected confers additional risk. This manuscript sought to identify perinatal correlates of suicidal ideation among women living with HIV (WLHIV) in rural South Africa. Pregnant WLHIV (N  = 681) were recruited and re-assessed at 12-months postpartum. Mean age was 28.3 (SD = 5.7) years and 68% were below the poverty line. Prenatal suicidal ideation was 39%; suicidal ideation continued for 7% at 12 months, 13% experienced incident suicidal ideation, and for 19% suicidal ideat ion ...
Source: AIDS and Behavior - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis study aids to draw attention on the incorporation of routine screening for basic support and intervention for identified risk factors in postpartum period. Policies can be formulated to encourage postpartum women to obtain adequate rest during pregnancy, support women with poor partner relationship, reduce marital dissatisfaction, help women adjust with stressful life events, and prevent and manage abortion appropriately. These policies may reduce harmful consequences of postpartum depressive symptoms for women, newborn and their family.
Source: International Journal of Nursing Sciences - Category: Nursing Source Type: research
LITFL • Life in the Fast Lane Medical Blog LITFL • Life in the Fast Lane Medical Blog - Emergency medicine and critical care medical education blog aka Tropical Travel Trouble 009 The diagnosis of HIV is no longer fatal and the term AIDS is becoming less frequent. In many countries, people with HIV are living longer than those with diabetes. This post will hopefully teach the basics of a complex disease and demystify some of the potential diseases you need to consider in those who are severely immunosuppressed. While trying to be comprehensive this post can not be exhaustive (as you can imagine any patient with ...
Source: Life in the Fast Lane - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Clinical Cases Tropical Medicine AIDS art cryptococcoma cryptococcus HIV HIV1 HIV2 PEP PrEP TB toxoplasma tuberculoma Source Type: blogs
ConclusionsThis study aids to draw attention on the incorporation of routine screening for basic support and intervention for identified risk factors in postpartum period. Policies can be formulated to encourage postpartum women to obtain adequate rest during pregnancy, support women with poor partner relationship, reduce marital dissatisfaction, help women adjust with stressful life events, and prevent and manage abortion appropriately. These policies may reduce harmful consequences of postpartum depressive symptoms for women, newborn and their family.
Source: International Journal of Nursing Sciences - Category: Nursing Source Type: research
This study examined the impact of a PMTCT intervention and male involvement on EBF. In a two-phase cluster-randomized trial, rural South African community health centers were randomized to offer HIV-infected pregnant women PMTCT standard of care plus either: a behavioral PMTCT intervention, or a time-equivalent attention-control condition. Phase 1 women had non-participating male partners; Phase 2 women had participating partners. Pregnant women (n  = 1398) were assessed on HIV stigma, disclosure of HIV status to partner, male involvement, and family planning knowledge. Feeding practices were assessed 6 weeks...
Source: AIDS and Behavior - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
AbstractIn developing countries, up to 20% of maternal deaths during pregnancy are due to suicide, and being HIV-infected confers additional risk. This manuscript sought to identify perinatal correlates of suicidal ideation among women living with HIV (WLHIV) in rural South Africa. Pregnant WLHIV (N  = 681) were recruited and re-assessed at 12-months postpartum. Mean age was 28.3 (SD = 5.7) years and 68% were below the poverty line. Prenatal suicidal ideation was 39%; suicidal ideation continued for 7% at 12 months, 13% experienced incident suicidal ideation, and for 19% suicidal ideat ion ...
Source: AIDS and Behavior - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
More News: AIDS Vaccine | Botswana Health | Children | Clinical Trials | Depression | HIV AIDS | Postnatal Depression | Pregnancy | Psychology | Research | Study | Vaccines | Women