Novel amide analogues of quinazoline carboxylate display selective antiproliferative activity and potent EGFR inhibition

AbstractIn the present study, a novel series of quinazoline derivatives is developed for cancer therapy. All the synthesised analogues were evaluated against a panel of 60 human cancer cell lines for the antiproliferative activity. Significant and selective growth inhibition of several solid tumour cell lines such as NCI-H322M, NCI-H522 (non-small cell lung cancer), IGROV1, SK-OV-3 (ovarian cancer), TK-10 (renal cancer) and MDA-MB-468 (breast cancer) was observed. Further, all the new amide analogues strongly inhibited EGFR in low nanomolar range with morpholino quinazoline10 producing activity (IC50 = 6.12 nM) comparable to standard drugs erlotinib and gefitinib. In addition, western blot analysis depicted inhibition of phosphorylation of EGFR by compounds10 and11 in MDA-MB-468 cells at 10  µM. Molecular docking studies showed the strong binding interactions with the active site of the EGFR protein. The current investigation could be extremely helpful for the development of newer therapeutically useful quinazoline based molecules for cancer therapy.
Source: Medicinal Chemistry Research - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research

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Abstract Eleven novel acridone derivatives were synthesized and evaluated for their anticancer activity against 60 human cancer cell lines. Five compounds 8b, 8d, 8g, 8h, and 8k displayed very good in vitro antiproliferative activities well over 95% of the panels. The most active compound is 8k (5, 7-dibromo-3-phenyl-3,4-dihydroacridin-1 (2H)-one). In addition, 8k was the most sensitive agent in all 9 panels starting with prostate (0.075 µm), leukemia (0.116 µm), non-small cell lung cancer (0.164 µm), colon cancer (0.193 µm), CNS cancer (0.264 µm), melanoma (0...
Source: Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Bioorg Med Chem Source Type: research
AbstractDammarenolic acid (DA) is an A-seco-dammarane triterpenoids, isolated fromDipterocarpus alatus resin. DA was modified including reactions of esterification and amination with heterocyclic amines andl-amino acids. The structures of new compounds were confirmed by MS,1H NMR, and13C NMR spectroscopic analyses and their activities againstα-glucosidase and acetylcholinesteras were studied. The cytotoxic activity of DA was screened using a broad panel of 60 human cancer cell lines and it has cytotoxic effect for a variety of human tumor cell lines (leukemia, non-small cell lung cancer, colon cancer, CNS cancer, mel...
Source: Medicinal Chemistry Research - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Discussion MDSCs violently emerge in pathological conditions in an attempt to limit potentially harmful immune and inflammatory responses. Mechanisms supporting their expansion and survival are deeply investigated in cancer, in the perspective to reactivate specific antitumor responses and prevent their contribution to disease evolution. These findings will likely contribute to improve the targeting of MDSCs in anticancer immunotherapies, either alone or in combination with immune checkpoint inhibitors. New evidence indicates that the expansion of myeloid cell differentiation in pathology is subject to fine-tuning, as its...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Conclusions: We found a highly reliable FI network, which revealed LIFR, PIK3R1, and MMP12 as novel prognostic biomarker candidates for GBC. These findings could accelerate biomarker discovery and therapeutic development in this cancer. Introduction Gallbladder cancer (GBC), the sixth most common gastrointestinal cancer, is an uncommon but challenging disease. Its incidence has recently increased highly worldwide (1). The risk factors for GBC include sex, aging, obesity, chronic cholecystitis, and cholelithiasis (2, 3). Because of the lack of an effective early diagnostic method, the disease often is not diagnosed ...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Li Liu, Jiajing Lin and Hongying He* Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Liuzhou Worker’s Hospital, Fourth Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Liuzhou, China Background and Objective: Endometrial cancer (EC) is a common gynecological malignancy worldwide. Despite advances in the development of strategies for treating EC, prognosis of the disease remains unsatisfactory, especially for advanced EC. The aim of this study was to identify novel genes that can be used as potential biomarkers for identifying the prognosis of EC and to construct a novel risk stratification using these genes. Me...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate whether combining anti-PD-L1 Atezolizumab with BEV may have a synergistic effect and enhance the efficacy of both treatments in cisplatin resistant epithelial ovarian cancer (CREOC). We retrospectively analyzed 124 epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) patients from Gynecologic Oncology Department of Tianjin Cancer Hospital between January 2013 and June 2018, who all were diagnosed with cisplatin resistance due to progressing
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Eleonora A. Braga1*†, Marina V. Fridman2†, Vitaly I. Loginov1,3, Alexey A. Dmitriev4 and Sergey G. Morozov1 1Institute of General Pathology and Pathophysiology, Moscow, Russia 2Vavilov Institute of General Genetics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia 3Research Center of Medical Genetics, Moscow, Russia 4Engelhardt Institute of Molecular Biology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is the third most common urological cancer, and it has the highest mortality rate. The increasing drug resistance of metastatic ccRCC has resulted in the search f...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
In this study, we evaluated whether the combination of focused ultrasound (FUS) and microbubbles can improve adoptively NK-92MI cell infiltration into ovarian tumors through biodistribution, immunofluorescence, and flow cytometry. The treatment effects of using this strategy twice a week were explored. The potential molecular mechanism of FUS assisting NK cell therapy was also initially explored through evaluating the expression of ICAM1 and CX3CL1 by qRT-PCR. Our results indicated that FUS and microbubbles can improve NK-92MI cells’ infiltration into tumors, and the combination of FUS and NK-92MI cells had a better ...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Markus Hartl* and Rainer Schneider Center of Molecular Biosciences (CMBI), Institute of Biochemistry, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria The neuronal proteins GAP43 (neuromodulin), MARCKS, and BASP1 are highly expressed in the growth cones of nerve cells where they are involved in signal transmission and cytoskeleton organization. Although their primary structures are unrelated, these signaling proteins share several structural properties like fatty acid modification, and the presence of cationic effector domains. GAP43, MARCKS, and BASP1 bind to cell membrane phospholipids, a process reversibly regulate...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusion Although treatment with BRAF inhibitors provides rapid response in most patients, treatment resistance persists. The few clinical studies of BRAF inhibitor resistance in patients indicate that genetic alterations that activate MAPK/Erk make up half of resistance mechanisms. Preclinical studies of BRAF inhibitor resistance in melanoma support the mechanisms observed in patients and indicate that the development of resistance is more complex than single mutations. In vitro models may be very helpful in studying mechanisms in the other half of patients with no known genetic driver of BRAF inhibitor resistance. Ove...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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