Detection of CTCs and CSCs in the staging and metastasis of non-small cell lung cancer based on microfluidic chip and the diagnostic significance.

This study explores the diagnostic significance of microfluidic chip technology in the detection of CTCs/CSCs in clinical staging and metastasis of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). That lays a solid foundation for the use of microfluidic chips to monitor CTCs/CSCs for the stage and metastasis of patients with non-small cell lung cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study collected 80 patients with lung cancer from October 2017 to October 2018. Meanwhile, 30 healthy people and 30 patients with benign lung diseases were selected during the same period as the control group 1 and the control group 2, respectively. CellSearch (Huntington Valley, PA, USA) and microfluidic chip were used to detect CTCs, the sensitivities were recorded. ELISA methods were used to detect the concentrations of tumor markers VEGF-C, CEA, and CA125 in serum, and their association with CTCs and CSCs was analyzed. In addition, after 3 months, we followed up 40 patients with lung cancer, recorded their prognosis, and extracted peripheral blood to detect changes in their CTCs and CSCs. The CellSearch (Huntington Valley, PA, USA) system and the microfluidic chip system were used to detect the CTCs in patients with lung cancer, and the sensitivity and specificity of the patients were analyzed. The changes in CTCs and CSCs in the peripheral blood of the patient were recorded. RESULTS: It can be seen that the positive rate of CTCs and CSCs is not significantly correlated with the patients'...
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research

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Publication date: 15 February 2021Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials, Volume 404, Part BAuthor(s): Yanhua Liu, Yang Li, Shanshan Dong, Lu Han, Ruixin Guo, Yourong Fu, Shenghu Zhang, Jianqiu Chen
Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
Authors: Musio F Abstract INTRODUCTION: Anemia has and will continue to be a central theme in medicine particularly as clinicians are treating a burgeoning population of complex multi-organ system processes. As a result of multiple randomized controlled trials (RCTs), meta-analyses, and societal recommendations overly restrictive paradigms and under-administration of erythropoiesis stimulating agents (ESAs) have likely been followed by clinicians among all specialties. AREAS COVERED: A review of anemia in the context of chronic kidney disease, hematologic malignancies and cancer is presented with focus on the e...
Source: Expert Review of Hematology - Category: Hematology Tags: Expert Rev Hematol Source Type: research
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Source: Urology Case Reports - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
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Source: European Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
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Authors: Matti B, Zargar-Shoshtari K Abstract Prostate cancer represents a significant health burden worldwide. The cancer incidence had substantially increased since the introduction of prostate specific antigen (PSA) in cancer screening. This had led to considerable debates among health professionals and epidemiologists, since PSA as a screening tool seemed to be far from perfect. In New Zealand, the controversy was quite prominent in the last three decades, with some advocating the benefits of screening, while others concerned regarding the risk of harms. With the absence of an organised screening programme and ...
Source: New Zealand Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: N Z Med J Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: This study found that childhood cancer survivors in New Zealand had a high prevalence of developmental dental abnormalities and it identified potential risk factors related to their cancer treatment. Inequitable access to oral rehabilitation for this patient group argues for a mechanism for consistent improved access to publicly funded dental care across district health boards in New Zealand. PMID: 33032302 [PubMed - in process]
Source: New Zealand Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: N Z Med J Source Type: research
Authors: Zarrabi A, Mark S PMID: 33032299 [PubMed - in process]
Source: New Zealand Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: N Z Med J Source Type: research
Conclusions and Future Perspectives It is now evident that NK/ILC family plays a pivotal role in the immune defenses. Recent studies in murine and human settings demonstrated that the expression of several inhibitory checkpoints, that may be detrimental in the tumor context, is not restricted to T lymphocytes, revealing an important, yet poorly appreciated, contribution of their expression on innate immune cells. Thus, in the recent years different immunotherapy approaches, based on the blockade of inhibitory NK cell receptors, have been developed in order to unleash NK cell cytotoxicity. This is particularly important in...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Conclusions MDSC are major players in the immunosuppressive scenario in cancer, thanks to their phenotype heterogeneity and critical interaction with several innate immune cells, thus representing a crucial target in oncology. Here we reviewed the interactions of MDSCs with NK cells. The contribution of key cytokines, chemokines and mediators active in this process have been discussed. We also described the contribution of MDSC on angiogenesis directly or indirectly through interactions with NK and immunosuppressive activities. A parallel of the cancer associated to the decidual counterpart of these cells is discussed, a...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
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