Effects of 4 weeks of Lactobacillus plantarum 299v supplementation on nutritional status, enteral nutrition tolerance, and quality of life in cancer patients receiving home enteral nutrition - a double-blind, randomized, and placebo-controlled trial.

CONCLUSIONS: We have demonstrated that administration of Lp299v in cancer patients receiving home enteral nutrition may improve laboratory parameters, predominantly the concentration of albumin, however, overall it does not have an impact on nutritional status. Lp299v may reduce the gastrointestinal symptoms related to enteral nutrition; notwithstanding, the improvement of quality of life may be the result of enteral nutrition rather than the effect of administration of Lp299v. PMID: 33015813 [PubMed - in process]
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research

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Conclusions: More effort is needed to identify what fetal and maternal factors are associated with low birth weight and IBS. A well-executed prospective birth cohort with a collection of bio-samples and functional data will provide a better understanding of how adversity and the interplay between genetics, epigenetics, and numerous risk factors affect the development of IBS. PMID: 32989183 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: J Neurogastroenterol Motil Source Type: research
Fight Aging! publishes news and commentary relevant to the goal of ending all age-related disease, to be achieved by bringing the mechanisms of aging under the control of modern medicine. This weekly newsletter is sent to thousands of interested subscribers. To subscribe or unsubscribe from the newsletter, please visit: https://www.fightaging.org/newsletter/ Longevity Industry Consulting Services Reason, the founder of Fight Aging! and Repair Biotechnologies, offers strategic consulting services to investors, entrepreneurs, and others interested in the longevity industry and its complexities. To find out m...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
This release appeared last week:$18.8 million to supercharge digital health technologies The Australian Government is investing $18.8 million to supercharge the discovery of better treatments for cancer, epilepsy, stroke, paralysis, Irritable Bowel Syndrome, brain injuries, back pain and chronic middle ear disease. The Hon Greg Hunt MP Minister for Health Date published: 20 July 2020The Morrison Government is investing $18.8 million to supercharge the discovery of better treatments for cancer, epilepsy, stroke, paralysis, Irritable Bowel Syndrome, brain injuries, back pain and chronic middle ear disease.Under round t...
Source: Australian Health Information Technology - Category: Information Technology Authors: Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSION: VU clearly depicted that there is no changes of dimension in VN areas and diameters in the IBS. This might show that VN is only a transporter of abnormal neuronal stimulations according to IBS pathophisiology. PMID: 32897223 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Turk J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
Abstract Ion channels are important therapeutic targets due to their plethoric involvement in physiological and pathological consequences. The transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily M member 8 (TRPM8) is a nonselective cation channel that controls Ca2+ homeostasis. It has been proposed to be the predominant thermoreceptor for cellular and behavioral responses to cold stimuli in the TRP channel subfamilies and exploited so far to reach the clinical-stage of drug development. TRPM8 channels can be found in multiple organs and tissues, regulating several important processes such as cell proliferation, ...
Source: European Journal of Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Eur J Pharmacol Source Type: research
The regulatory role of estrogens and nuclear estrogen receptors, i. e., estrogen receptor α and β has been reported in gastrointestinal diseases. However, the contribution of G protein-coupled estrogen receptor, the membrane-bound estrogen receptor, is still poorly understood. Unlike nuclear estrogen receptors, which are responsible for the genomic activity of estrogens, the G protein-coupled estrogen receptor affects the “rapid” non-genomic activity of estrogens, leading to modulation of many signaling pathways and ultimately changing gene expression. Recently, the crucial role of G protein-coupled ...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
AbstractArtificial intelligence (AI) is coming to medicine in a big wave. From making diagnosis in various medical conditions, following the latest advancements in scientific literature, suggesting appropriate therapies, to predicting prognosis and outcome of diseases and conditions, AI is offering unprecedented possibilities to improve care for patients. Gastroenterology is a field that AI can make a significant impact. This is partly because the diagnosis of gastrointestinal conditions relies a lot on image-based investigations and procedures (endoscopy and radiology). AI-assisted image analysis can make accurate assessm...
Source: Frontiers of Medicine - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusions: A dysregulated mucosal inflammatory profile with an increased level of TH1, TH2 and TH17 markers, and growth factors were observed in bowel mucosa in of IBS patients when compared to healthy controls. PMID: 32329383 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Scand J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
Authors: Chen Y, Wu G, Zhao Y Abstract The gastrointestinal (GI) tract is inhabited by a diverse array of microbes, which play crucial roles in health and disease. Dysbiosis of microbiota has been tightly linked to gastrointestinal inflammatory and malignant diseases. Here we highlight the role of Helicobacter pylori alongside gastric microbiota associated with gastric inflammation and cancer. We summarize the taxonomic and functional aspects of intestinal microbiota linked to inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and colorectal cancer in clinical investigations. We also discuss microbi...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Abstract Mast cells are tissue-resident immune cells that are involved in inflammation and fibrosis but also serve beneficial roles, including tissue maintenance, angiogenesis, pathogen clearance, and immunoregulation. Their multifaceted response and the ability of their mediators to target multiple organs and tissues means that mast cells play important roles in numerous conditions, including asthma, atopic dermatitis, drug sensitivities, ischemic heart disease, Alzheimer disease, arthritis, irritable bowel syndrome, infections (parasites, bacteria and viruses), and cancer. As a result, mast cells have become an ...
Source: Journal of Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: J Immunol Source Type: research
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