Antidiabetic Effects and Mechanisms of Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) and its Phenolic Components.

Antidiabetic Effects and Mechanisms of Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) and its Phenolic Components. Am J Chin Med. 2020;48(6):1353-1368 Authors: Bao TQ, Li Y, Qu C, Zheng ZG, Yang H, Li P Abstract Diabetes mellitus is a chronic endocrine disease result from absolute or relative insulin secretion deficiency, insulin resistance, or both, and has become a major and growing public healthy menace worldwide. Currently, clinical antidiabetic drugs still have some limitations in efficacy and safety such as gastrointestinal side effects, hypoglycemia, or weight gain. Rosmarinus officinalis is an aromatic evergreen shrub used as a food additive and medicine, which has been extensively used to treat hyperglycemia, atherosclerosis, hypertension, and diabetic wounds. A great deal of pharmacological research showed that rosemary extract and its phenolic constituents, especially carnosic acid, rosmarinic acid, and carnosol, could significantly improve diabetes mellitus by regulating glucose metabolism, lipid metabolism, anti-inflammation, and anti-oxidation, exhibiting extremely high research value. Therefore, this review summarizes the pharmacological effects and underlying mechanisms of rosemary extract and its primary phenolic constituents on diabetes and relative complications both in vitro and in vivo studies from 2000 to 2020, to provide some scientific evidence and research ideas for its clinical application. PMID: 33016104 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The American Journal of Chinese Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tags: Am J Chin Med Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: Young adult IS patients in Korea exhibit low awareness and poor management of their risk factors. Although the short-term outcome was relatively favorable in those patients, having SLE was associated with unfavorable outcomes. More attention needs to be paid for improving awareness and controlling risk factors in this population. PMID: 33029967 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Clinical Neurology - Category: Neurology Tags: J Clin Neurol Source Type: research
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Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Authors: Ling Y, Tang S, Cao Y, Fu C Abstract Background: Increasing evidence states that the plasma lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) levels and apolipoprotein particles are regarded as the risk maker for cardiovascular heart disease. Nevertheless, the issue about whether Lp-PLA2 is associated with apolipoprotein particles in individuals who have been diagnosed as stable coronary artery disease (CAD) remains largely unexplored. Method: All 569 participants engaged in this research, who never took lipid-lowering drugs, had been divided into groups by the coronary angiography (CAG), namely, stabl...
Source: Disease Markers - Category: Laboratory Medicine Tags: Dis Markers Source Type: research
AbstractAimsFew studies have assessed the prevalence of diabetes and hypertension among pregnant women in China after the implementation of universal two-child policy. Therefore, the aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of diabetes and hypertension from 2016 to 2018 among pregnant women in Jiangsu, China, after the policy implementation.MethodsWe analysed data from pregnant women who delivered their neonates between 2016 and 2018 in the Northern Jiangsu People ’s Hospital. All pregnant women irrespective of their gestation weeks underwent oral glucose intolerance tests in a fasting state.ResultsA total of...
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeDiabetic ’s patients are supposed to experience higher rates of COVID-19 related poor outcomes. We aimed to determine factors predicting poor outcomes in hospitalized diabetic patients with COVID-19.MethodsThis retrospective cohort study included all adult diabetic patients with radiological or laboratory confirmed COVID-19 who hospitalized between 20 February 2020 and 27 April 2020 in Alborz province, Iran. Data on demographic, medical history, and laboratory test at presentation were obtained from electronic medical records. Diagnosis of diabetes mellitus was self-reported. Comorbidities including ca...
Source: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of reviewTo elucidate the intertwining of vascular events, vascular disease and vascular risk factors and COVID-19.Recent findingsStrokes are a leading cause of disability and death worldwide. Vascular risk factors are important drivers of strokes. There are unmodifiable vascular risk factors such as age and ethnicity and modifiable vascular risk factors. According to the INTERSTROKE study, the 10 most frequent modifiable vascular risk factors are arterial hypertension, physical inactivity, overweight, dyslipidaemia, smoking, unhealthy diet, cardiac pathologies, diabetes mellitus, stress/depression and over...
Source: Current Treatment Options in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
ConclusionWe present a cohort of TGA patients with a considerable recurrent rate (27%), alerting for the possibility of recurrence of this clinical entity. TGA recurrence was associated with the following factors: female sex, depression, shorter episode duration, and hippocampal hyperintensity on brain MRI. History of depression was found to be the most important recurrence predictor in our study.
Source: Neurological Sciences - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
The utility of pulse wave velocity (PWV) as a surrogate parameter of arterial vessel damage (AVD) beyond the traditional brachial blood pressure (BP) measurement may be questioned as changes in BP are often accompanied by the corresponding changes in PWV. We sought to establish a new way for BP-independent estimation of AVD with PWV. We retrospectively analyzed data from 507 subjects with at least one available 24 h ambulatory BP- and pulse wave analysis, performed with Mobil-O-Graph (I.E.M., Stolberg, Germany). Individual relationship between eaPWV and central systolic BP (cSBP) was analyzed for every 24 h recording. The ...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
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Source: International Journal of Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Int J Endocrinol Source Type: research
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Source: Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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