The Impact of Adipose Tissue –Derived miRNAs in Metabolic Syndrome, Obesity, and Cancer

Obesity is a multifactorial and complex condition that is characterized by abnormal and excessive white adipose tissue accumulation, which can lead to the development of metabolic diseases, such as type 2 diabetes mellitus, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, cardiovascular diseases, and several types of cancer. Obesity is characterized by excessive adipose tissue accumulation and associated with alterations in immunity, displaying a chronic low-grade inflammation profile. Adipose tissue is a dynamic and complex endocrine organ composed not only by adipocytes, but several immunological cells, which can secrete hormones, cytokines and many other factors capable of regulating metabolic homeostasis and several critical biological pathways. Remarkably, adipose tissue is a major source of circulating microRNAs (miRNAs), recently described as a novel form of adipokines. Several adipose tissue–derived miRNAs are deeply associated with adipocytes differentiation and have been identified with an essential role in obesity-associated inflammation, insulin resistance, and tumor microenvironment. During obesity, adipose tissue can completely change the profile of the secreted miRNAs, influencing circulating miRNAs and impacting the development of different pathological conditions, such as obesity, metabolic syndrome, and cancer. In this review, we discuss how miRNAs can act as epigenetic regulators affecting adipogenesis, adipocyte differentiation, lipid metabolism, browning of the wh...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

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The objective of this review was to assess the reported effects of medicinal plants and bioactive natural compounds on IR. The findings confirm that most of the herbal bioactive compounds including resveratrol, garlic, curcumin, cinnamon, ginger, nuts, berberine, anthocyanin, soybean, flaxseed, vegetable oils, and soluble fibers have benefit in their efficacy for decreasing IR, fasting blood sugar (FBS), fasting insulin and HbA1c.PMID:33861444 | DOI:10.1007/978-3-030-64872-5_13
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Authors: Source Type: research
Clin Pharmacol. 2021 Mar 11;13:53-60. doi: 10.2147/CPAA.S276085. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTObesity is defined as a chronic, complex, relapsing disease characterized by excessive adipose tissue. Obesity impacts an individual's health by increasing complications such as prediabetes, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), hypertension, dyslipidemia, metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), cancers (eg endometrial), and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). With the increase of obesity prevalence and its negative influences on individuals' quality of life, there is a great need for therapy with a...
Source: Clinical Pharmacology: Advances and Applications - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Source Type: research
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