Predictors of complications from stoma closure in elective colorectal surgery: an assessment from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACSNSQIP)

ConclusionsElective stoma closure has significant risk of morbidity. Patients with longer operative times were at increased risk for major morbidity, overall SSI, and reoperation. From the analysis, factors specifically associated with major morbidity, overall infectious complications, readmissions, and reoperations were identified. This information can be used to prospectively prepare for these high-risk patients, potentially improving postoperative outcomes.
Source: Techniques in Coloproctology - Category: Surgery Source Type: research

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In this study, we aimed to describe sexual function in Puerto Rican women with IBD. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of women with IBD at the University of Puerto Rico Center for IBD. Patients were invited to anonymously complete the validated Spanish version of the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) questionnaire. On this 36-point scale, a score of 26.55 or less is defined as sexual dysfunction. Data were analyzed by diagnosis, presence of an ostomy, and age, using descriptive statistics, ANOVA, Student's t test, and logistic regression. RESULTS: One hundred women completed the FSFI questionnaire, wi...
Source: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: P R Health Sci J Source Type: research
ConclusionsNot only is the number of CD8  + T-cells increased in COPD, these cells have increased capacity to exert effector functions and are likely to contribute to disease pathogenesis. Several mechanisms highlighted show promise for future investigation to consolidate current knowledge.
Source: Inflammation Research - Category: Research Source Type: research
This article reviews the recent advances of SFKs in B lymphocytes in autoimmune diseases.
Source: Inflammation - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
The article “Characterization of Creatine Kinase Levels in Tofacitinib–Treated Patients with Ulcerative Colitis: Results from Clinical Trials”, written by Remo Panaccione, John D. Isaacs, Lea Ann Chen, Wenjin Wang, Amy Marren, Kenneth Kwok, Lisy Wang, Gary Chan and Chinyu Su, was originally published electronically on the publisher’s internet portal on 20 August 2020 without open access.
Source: Digestive Diseases and Sciences - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundTherapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) is important in optimizing use of biologics in inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). However, the role of proactive TDM during remission remains uncertain.MethodsThis retrospective study included patients receiving infliximab (IFX) therapy at Massachusetts General Hospital or Erasmus University Medical Center. All eligible patients had completed induction phase of IFX and were in clinical and endoscopic remission. Our primary outcome was clinical relapse within 2  years after baseline. Multivariable regression models examined the association between infliximab trough le...
Source: Digestive Diseases and Sciences - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
No abstract available
Source: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: LETTERS TO THE EDITOR Source Type: research
This study was conducted on a sample of 42 COPD subjects with patient history, COPD assessment test (CAT) and spirometry. 5STST performance time and the number 30s-STST repetitions showed differences of statistical significance in COPD subjects considered to be more symptomatic and in subjects with high risk of future exacerbations. Both STSTs correlated significantly with forced expiratory volume in one second % predicted (FEV1%), CAT, number of acute exacerbations in the past year and number of hospitalized exacerbations in the past year. STST performance correlates significantly with items of the CAT questionnaire that ...
Source: COPD: Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: COPD Source Type: research
Conclusion: This large study did not support that a high intake of fibre and/or a low intake of meat had a high impact on the risk of late-onset CID. PMID: 33029091 [PubMed - in process]
Source: International Journal of Medical Sciences - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: Int J Med Sci Source Type: research
Conclusion(s): Use of an IV push strategy may safely facilitate more rapid administration of beta-lactam antibiotics and may allow for better compliance with sepsis management guidelines.
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 8 October 2020Source: Respiratory Physiology &NeurobiologyAuthor(s): Vlasios Skopas, Dimitrios Papadopoulos, Nikolaos Trakas, Eleni Papaefstathiou, Charalampos Koufopoulos, Demosthenes Makris, Zoe Daniil, Konstantinos Gourgoulianis
Source: Respiratory Physiology and Neurobiology - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
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