Analysis of mesenchymal stem cell proteomes in situ in the ischemic heart

Conclusions: MetRSL274G expression allows successful identification of MSC-specific nascent proteins in the infarcted hearts, which reflect the functional states, adaptive response, and reparative effects of MSCs that may be leveraged to improve cardiac repair.
Source: Theranostics - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research

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In conclusion, inhibiting the lysosomal oxidation of LDL in atherosclerotic lesions by antioxidants targeted at lysosomes causes the regression of atherosclerosis and improves liver and muscle characteristics in mice and might be a promising novel therapy for atherosclerosis in patients. NANOG Expression versus Cellular Senescence https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2021/09/nanog-expression-versus-cellular-senescence/ Are there many strategies that can reverse cellular senescence? There are certainly strategies that can lower levels of cellular senescence over time, both in cell cultures and in living an...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
In this study, mature DCs (mDCs), generated from the GM-CSF and IL-4 induced bone marrow cells, were intravenously injected into wild-type mice. Three days later, assays showed that the mDCs were indeed able to return to the thymus. Homing DCs have been mainly reported to deplete thymocytes and induce tolerance. However, medullary TECs (mTECs) play a crucial role in inducing immune tolerance. Thus, we evaluated whether the mDCs homing into the thymus led to TECs depletion. We cocultured mDCs with mTEC1 cells and found that the mDCs induced the apoptosis and inhibited the proliferation of mTEC1 cells. These effects were onl...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
In conclusion, patients over 90 years of age had an overall low prevalence of fractures and relative preservation of bone health, suggesting a preserved bone molecular profile in these individuals. Epigenetic factors and activity levels might also have favorably affected bone health. The low percentage of osteoporosis and fractures likely reduced the morbidity and mortality in this population, potentially contributing to their overall longevity. Building a Therapy for Aging Based on SIRT6 Upregulation https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2021/08/building-a-therapy-for-aging-based-on-sirt6-upregulation/ Ge...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
In this study, we used the UK Biobank (n = 440,185) to resolve previous ambiguities in the relationship between serum IGF-1 levels and clinical disease. We examined prospective associations of serum IGF-1 with mortality, dementia, vascular disease, diabetes, osteoporosis, and cancer, finding two generalized patterns. First, IGF-1 interacts with age to modify risk in a manner consistent with antagonistic pleiotropy; younger individuals with high IGF-1 are protected from disease, while older individuals with high IGF-1 are at increased risk for incident disease or death. Second, the association between IGF-1 and risk ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
In conclusion, cancer survivors, especially older individuals, demonstrate greater odds of and accelerated functional decline, suggesting that cancer and/or its treatment may alter aging trajectories. Linking Particulate Air Pollution and Dementia in a Small Region of the US https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2021/08/linking-particulate-air-pollution-and-dementia-in-a-small-region-of-the-us/ It is fairly settled that evident particulate air pollution, such as daily exposure to smoke from wood-fueled cooking fires, has a strongly detrimental effect on long-term health. The mechanisms involved are inflamm...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
In conclusion, the present study supports that some age-related diseases as well as education are causally related to longevity and highlights several new targets for achieving longevity, including management of venous thromboembolism, appropriate intake of sugar, and control of body fat. Our results warrant further studies to elucidate the underlying mechanisms of these reported causal associations. Pol III Inhibition Extends Longevity in Short-Lived Species https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2021/08/pol-iii-inhibition-extends-longevity-in-short-lived-species/ As this paper notes, Pol III is downstream...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Methods Mol Biol. 2021;2320:295-302. doi: 10.1007/978-1-0716-1484-6_25.ABSTRACTRecent evidence has provided exciting proof of concepts for the use of pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (PSC-CMs) for cardiac repair; however, large animal studies, which better reflect human disease, are required for clinical application. Here, we describe how to create myocardial infarction in cynomolgus monkey followed by transplantation of PSC-CMs. This method ensures the establishment of a myocardial infarction model and enables reliable PSC-CM transplantation.PMID:34302666 | DOI:10.1007/978-1-0716-1484-6_25
Source: Mol Biol Cell - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Source Type: research
Fight Aging! publishes news and commentary relevant to the goal of ending all age-related disease, to be achieved by bringing the mechanisms of aging under the control of modern medicine. This weekly newsletter is sent to thousands of interested subscribers. To subscribe or unsubscribe from the newsletter, please visit: https://www.fightaging.org/newsletter/ Longevity Industry Consulting Services Reason, the founder of Fight Aging! and Repair Biotechnologies, offers strategic consulting services to investors, entrepreneurs, and others interested in the longevity industry and its complexities. To find out m...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
In conclusion, our study demonstrated that elevated cumulative SBP or DBP was independently associated with increased risk of CVD in the Chinese population. Among participants with 15-year cumulative BP levels higher than the median, that is, 1970.8/1239.9 mmHg-year for cumulative SBP/DBP, which was equivalent to maintaining SBP/DBP level higher than 131/83 mmHg in 15 years, the CVD risk would increase significantly irrespective of whether or not the BP measurements at one examination was high. Our findings emphasize the importance of cumulative BP level in identifying individuals with high risk of CVD in the future. ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Med Res Rev. 2021 Jun 11. doi: 10.1002/med.21839. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTMyocardial infarction irreversibly destroys millions of cardiomyocytes in the ventricle, making it the leading cause of heart failure worldwide. Over the past two decades, many progenitor and stem cell types were proposed as the ideal candidate to regenerate the heart after injury. The potential of stem cell therapy has been investigated thoroughly in animal and human studies, aiming at cardiac repair by true tissue replacement, by immune modulation, or by the secretion of paracrine factors that stimulate endogenous repair processes. Despite so...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Source Type: research
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