HIV infection and engagement in HIV care cascade among men who have sex with men and transgender women in Kigali, Rwanda: a cross-sectional study.

This study aimed to characterize HIV prevalence and care cascade among MSM and TGW in Kigali. METHODS: MSM and TGW ≥ 18 years were recruited using respondent-driven sampling (RDS) from March-August 2018 in Kigali. Participants underwent a structured interview including measures of individual, network and structural determinants. HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STI) including syphilis, Neisseria gonorrhoea (NG) and Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) were tested. Viral load was measured for MSM living with HIV. Robust Poisson regression was used to characterize the determinants of HIV infection and engagement in the HIV treatment cascade. RESULTS: A total of 736 participants were enrolled. The mean age was 27 years (range:18 to 68) and 14% (106) were TGW. HIV prevalence was 10% (RDS-adjusted: 9.2% (95% CI: 6.4 to 12.1)). Unadjusted prevalence of any STI was 20% (147); syphilis: 5.7% (42); CT: 9.1% (67) and NG: 8.8% (65). Anticipated (41%), perceived (36%) and enacted stigmas (45%) were common and higher among TGW (p 
Source: Journal of the International AIDS Society - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Int AIDS Soc Source Type: research

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This study investigated the discordance between self-perceived HIV risk and actual risk. METHODS: Data were obtained between May 2015 and October 2016 from MSM and TGW enrolled in key population-led Test and Treat study in six community health centres in Thailand. Eligible participants were at least 18 years old, Thai national, had sex with men, had unprotected sex with a man in the past six months or had at least three male sex partners in the past six months, and were not known to be HIV positive. Baseline demographic behavioural characteristics questionnaires, including self-perceived HIV risk, were self-admini...
Source: Journal of the International AIDS Society - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Int AIDS Soc Source Type: research
Conclusion: Among MSM on PrEP, we observed a higher incidence of STIs and faster time to first symptomatic STI than MSM not using PrEP. PrEP may be a contributing factor in increasing STI rates among MSM.
Source: AIDS - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: EPIDEMIOLOGY AND SOCIAL Source Type: research
This study is ongoing; the data cutoff for this analysis was June 30, 2018.FindingsBetween Aug 3, 2015, and May 31, 2016, 376 participants were recruited, of whom nine participants were lost to follow-up, thus 367 participants were included in the analysis. Overall, 365 MSM and two transgender women were included, contributing 681·7 person-years of follow-up. At enrolment, 269 (73%) of 367 participants chose daily PrEP and 98 (27%) participants chose event-driven PrEP. Two individuals in the daily PrEP group became HIV-positive; overall HIV incidence rate was 0·30 per 100 person-years (95% CI 0·07&ndas...
Source: The Lancet HIV - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Globally, more than 1 million people contract a curable sexually transmitted infection each day, amounting to more than 376 million new cases annually of chlamydia, gonorrhoea, trichomoniasis, and syphilis.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Hiv-Aids Headlines - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Infectious Diseases News Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: STIs were extremely common among HIV-positive MSM prior to and after ART. ART effectively reduced HIV RNA in all compartments. The correlation between STIs and anogenital HIV RNA, especially prior to ART and likely until complete HIV RNA suppression from ART is achieved, points to the importance of integrating asymptomatic STIs screening into Treatment as Prevention programme for MSM. PMID: 30225927 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the International AIDS Society - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Int AIDS Soc Source Type: research
Conclusion: Increased rates of STIs among individuals after initiation of PrEP may suggest greater risk behaviours during the first year on PrEP. Further studies are needed to measure long-term trends in STI acquisition following PrEP initiation.
Source: AIDS - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Epidemiology and Social Source Type: research
Conclusions Among a representative sample of US residents, pubic hair grooming was positively related to self-reported STI history. Further research is warranted to gain insight into STI risk-reduction strategies.
Source: Sexually Transmitted Infections - Category: Sexual Medicine Authors: Tags: Press releases, Drugs: infectious diseases, HIV/AIDS, HIV / AIDS, Gonorrhoea, Syphilis, HIV infections, Health education Clinical Source Type: research
Conclusions MSM prescribed PEPSE are at high risk of subsequent HIV acquisition and our data show further risk stratification by clinical and PEPSE prescribing history is possible, which might inform clinical practice and HIV prevention initiatives in MSM.
Source: Sexually Transmitted Infections - Category: Sexual Medicine Authors: Tags: Drugs: infectious diseases, HIV/AIDS, HIV / AIDS, Gonorrhoea, Syphilis, HIV infections Epidemiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 8 February 2017 Source:The Lancet HIV Author(s): Beatriz Grinsztejn, Emilia M Jalil, Laylla Monteiro, Luciane Velasque, Ronaldo I Moreira, Ana Cristina F Garcia, Cristiane V Castro, Alícia Krüger, Paula M Luz, Albert Y Liu, Willi McFarland, Susan Buchbinder, Valdilea G Veloso, Erin C Wilson Background The burden of HIV in transgender women (transwomen) in Brazil remains unknown. We aimed to estimate HIV prevalence among transwomen in Rio de Janeiro and to identify predictors of newly diagnosed HIV infections. Methods We recruited transwomen from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, by res...
Source: The Lancet HIV - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Conclusions We observed high levels of self-reported STI symptoms and STI prevalence associated with alcohol use and HIV among MSM in Kampala. Public health interventions supporting MSM are needed to address STI risk and facilitate access to diagnosis and treatment services.
Source: Sexually Transmitted Infections - Category: Sexual Medicine Authors: Tags: Drugs: infectious diseases, HIV/AIDS, HIV / AIDS, Gonorrhoea, Syphilis, HIV infections, Health education Epidemiology Source Type: research
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