From general to specific: moving past the general population in the HIV response across sub-Saharan Africa.

CONCLUSIONS: We recommend that the term general population be retired from the field's lexicon. HIV programmes should strengthen their capacity to describe the heterogeneity of those they serve and plan their interventions accordingly. To increase the efficiency and impact of the HIV response, it is urgent to stratify the category of general population by risk. Sexual networks are a promising basis for this stratification. PMID: 33000913 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the International AIDS Society - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Int AIDS Soc Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: Information about the impact of epidemics on parents and children is relevant to policy makers to aid them in developing strategies to help families cope with epidemic/pandemic-driven adversity and ensure their children's healthy development. PMID: 32980318 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Jornal de Pediatria - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: J Pediatr (Rio J) Source Type: research
Michael F. CannonNurses have been on the front line of the COVID-19 pandemic as they have been for every public health crisis from the Spanish influenza to the AIDS epidemic. Yet state governments have made it harder for nurses to help victims of this and other diseases.In 2004, California enacted a law that restricts the ability of hospitals to assign nurses to where patients need them, which increases the cost of care. In that year, California became the first state to mandate inpatient facilities adhere to predeterminednurse ‐​to‐​patient ratios. The law restricts the number of patients each nurse can ...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - Category: American Health Authors: Source Type: blogs
By SOMA SEN I keep hearing the voices of colleagues and friends that have been part of the AIDS epidemic compare it to the current COVID-19 pandemic. In fact Dr. Kathy Creticos, Director of Infectious Disease at Howard Brown Health spoke about the politicization of both the pandemics.  “Here we are in 2020 with this disease that kills people, that we don’t have any treatments for, that we really don’t understand the full manifestation and presentation biology of the virus,” Creticos said In the final segment of an interview with Contagion during International AIDS Society (IAS) A...
Source: The Health Care Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health Policy Public Health AIDS HIV Soma Sen Source Type: blogs
Our society and medicine confronted a frightening global epidemic almost 40 years ago with the recognition and spread of HIV infection and the disease it caused, AIDS. That epidemic was large and, for affected individuals and communities, devastating and expensive. We now are in the very early phases of seeing yet another epidemic with the newly described coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, and the disease it causes, COVID-19. The scale of the current epidemic is massive and truly global. Although the mortality rate of HIV is much worse —essentially all infected persons die without treatment—COVID-19 has already killed mo...
Source: International Journal of Radiation Oncology * Biology * Physics - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Learning from Past Pandemics Source Type: research
As the surge in cases of COVID-19 in Massachusetts occupies us day and night, I sit with my 22-year-old patient to discuss the guarded prognosis of his newly diagnosed brain tumor. I have this complex, heavy-hearted, and nuanced discussion with my overwhelmed patient while he is alone, his fianc é and mother sitting at home, barred from entering the hospital due to the COVID-19 crisis, and the thought occurs to me: “I’ve been here before.” I was a medical student and trainee in San Francisco during the AIDS epidemic.
Source: International Journal of Radiation Oncology * Biology * Physics - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Learning from Past Pandemics Source Type: research
Are digital contact tracing technologies effective during infectious disease outbreaks?Why is this question important?The global COVID-19 pandemic highlights the importance of accurate and timely contact tracing. Contact tracing tells people that they may have been near someone with - or showing symptoms of - an infectious disease, allowing them to self-isolate and helping to stop the spread of infection. Traditionally, contact tracing begins with notification that someone has an infectious disease. They are asked to recall their contacts, going back two to three days before symptom onset. This is time-consuming and may no...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - Category: Information Technology Authors: Source Type: news
July 29, 2020Four new IntraHealth International and the University of North Carolina (UNC) at Chapel Hill summer fellows completed their projects in gender-based violence, data, and reproductive health this month.Since 2010, IntraHealth and UNC have teamed up to offer graduate students hands-on experience in the field of global health at an international nongovernmental organization—and to strengthen IntraHealth’s work by inviting fresh perspectives and ideas from students at the Gillings School of Global Public Health and, beginning in 2019, the UNC School of Nursing.This year’s fellows graduated fr...
Source: IntraHealth International - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: IntraHealth-UNC Summer Fellows Source Type: news
Reducing deforestation and the exploitation of wildlife are the first steps in breaking the chain of disease emergenceCoronavirus – latest updatesSee all our coronavirus coverageIn late 2013, in the village of Meliandou in rural Guinea, a group of children playing near a hollow tree disturbed a small colony of bats hiding inside. Scientists think that Emile Ouamouno, who later became the first tragic “index” case in the west AfricanEbola outbreak, was likely exposed to bat faeces whileplaying near the tree.Every pandemic starts like this. An innocuous human activity, such as eating wildlife, can spark an ...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Epidemics Coronavirus outbreak Infectious diseases Ebola Sars Aids and HIV Deforestation Conservation Environment Trees and forests Science World news Source Type: news
Reducing deforestation and the exploitation of wildlife are the first steps in breaking the chain of disease emergenceCoronavirus – latest updatesSee all our coronavirus coverageIn late 2013, in the village of Meliandou in rural Guinea, a group of children playing near a hollow tree disturbed a small colony of bats hiding inside. Scientists think that Emile Ouamouno, who later became the first tragic “index” case in the west AfricanEbola outbreak, was likely exposed to bat faeces whileplaying near the tree.Every pandemic starts like this. An innocuous human activity, such as eating wildlife, can spark an ...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Epidemics Coronavirus outbreak Infectious diseases Ebola Sars Aids and HIV Deforestation Conservation Environment Trees and forests Science World news Source Type: news
[Ghanaian Times] Until the outbreak of the coronavirus pandemic late last year, HIV/AIDS was regarded as the world's worst epidemic humanity had ever faced.
Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news
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