Rural Patient Experiences Managing Pain and Opioids after Operation

Opioids prescribed for postoperative pain contribute to opioid addiction and abuse. Rural patients are disproportionately affected by this opioid epidemic. The purpose of this study was to understand rural patients ’ perspectives on factors contributing to opioid misuse after operations and barriers to disposal of leftover medication.
Source: Journal of the American College of Surgeons - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: General surgery Source Type: research

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Digital media&downloads Pain Relief Caused by SARS-CoV-2 Infection May Help Explain COVID-19 Spread New research shows SARS-CoV-2 promotes pain relief when it infects cells through a common protein receptor, neuropilin-1. The finding gives scientists a novel target for non-opioid pain therapeutics, while also offering an explanation for the unrelenting spread of COVID-19. Stacy Pigott Today University of Arizona Health SciencesKhanna_Raj_klh3067.jpg Doctoral student Lisa Boinon prepares buffers while Rajesh Khanna looks on. (Photo: Kris Hanning/University of Arizona Health Sciences)HealthCollege of Medicine - Tuc...
Source: The University of Arizona: Health - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Source Type: research
This study took place in the Interprofessional Pain and Addiction Recovery Clinic, a specialty ambulatory clinic at the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health in Toronto, Canada for adults with chronic pain and a diagnosis or suspicion of substance use disorder.Method This was a retrospective cross-sectional study. Data were collected from records of patients with assessments completed in the years 2012 –2017 (n  =  210).Main outcome measure Proportion of patients using extended release opioids at shortened intervals.Results Sixty-one percent of individuals using extended release opioids (n  = &t...
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
More than 25 million Americans suffer from daily chronic pain, a highly debilitating medical condition that is complex and difficult to manage. In recent decades, there has been an overreliance on the prescription of opioids for chronic pain, contributing to a significant and alarming epidemic of opioid overdose deaths and addiction. Innovative scientific solutions to develop non-opioid, non-addictive alternative treatment options are thus urgently needed. One of the goals of the Helping to End Addiction Long-term (HEAL) Initiative is to accelerate the discovery and preclinical development of new medications and devices t...
Source: Videocast - All Events - Category: General Medicine Tags: Upcoming Events Source Type: video
More than 25 million Americans suffer from daily chronic pain, a highly debilitating medical condition that is complex and difficult to manage. In recent decades, there has been an overreliance on the prescription of opioids for chronic pain, contributing to a significant and alarming epidemic of opioid overdose deaths and addiction. Innovative scientific solutions to develop non-opioid, non-addictive alternative treatment options are thus urgently needed. One of the goals of the Helping to End Addiction Long-term (HEAL) Initiative is to accelerate the discovery and preclinical development of new medications and devices t...
Source: Videocast - All Events - Category: General Medicine Tags: Upcoming Events Source Type: video
Authors: Shahi N, Patchett-Marble R Abstract The prevalence of opioid abuse has reached an epidemic level. National guidelines recommend safer opioid prescribing practices, including potentially monitoring patients with urine drug testing (UDT). There is limited research evidence sur-rounding the use of UDT in the context of chronic noncancer pain (CNCP). We evaluated the efficacy of systematic, randomized UDT to detect and manage opioid misuse among patients with CNCP in primary care. The Marathon Family Health Team (MFHT) designed and implemented a clinic-wide, randomized UDT program called the HARMS (High-yield ...
Source: Journal of Opioid Management - Category: Addiction Tags: J Opioid Manag Source Type: research
AbstractOpioid-related death and overdose have now reached epidemic proportions. In response to this public health crisis, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) launched the Helping to End Addiction Long-term InitiativeSM, or NIH HEAL InitiativeSM, an aggressive, trans-agency effort to speed scientific solutions to stem the national opioid public health crisis. Herein, we describe two NIH HEAL Initiative programs to accelerate development of non-opioid, non-addictive pain treatments: The Preclinical Screening Platform for Pain (PSPP) and Early Phase Pain Investigation Clinical Network (EPPIC-Net). These resources are pro...
Source: Neurotherapeutics - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Abstract Chronic pain is considered a public health crisis due to its high prevalence, impact, costs, and disparities in pain prevalence and treatment. In parallel, drug overdose, particularly due to opioids, has become an epidemic in the United States, prompting a public health crisis concerning harms associated with both prescribed opioid therapy for chronic pain and illicit opioid use. The purpose of this special issue is to highlight state-of-the-art psychological research that addresses the combined issues of chronic pain and harms associated with opioids. Articles included in this special issue focus on 2 re...
Source: The American Psychologist - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Am Psychol Source Type: research
DISCUSSION: The ORT is not useful in identifying acute pain surgical patients at risk for aberrant behavior. An educational video increased awareness of, but not compliance with, safe S&D of UOT. Opioid overprescription continues to contribute to opioid misuse. PMID: 32762470 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The American Surgeon - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Am Surg Source Type: research
Authors: Oliver JD, Knackstedt R, Gatherwright J Abstract Despite the intense focus on the opioid epidemic and its known association with surgical procedures, there is a paucity of evidence-based literature on pain management in implant-based breast reconstruction (IBR). Herein, we present an updated review of the literature aimed at identifying pain treatment protocols to minimize narcotic use and its associated potential addiction in IBR. A comprehensive review of the published English literature was conducted using Ovid Medline/PubMed Database without timeframe limitations. The inclusion criteria of selected art...
Source: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: J Plast Surg Hand Surg Source Type: research
Deaths involving illicit opioids, stimulants (such as methamphetamine), heroin, and cocaine rose dramatically between 2015 and the end of 2019, according to areport released Monday by the AMA ’s Opioid Task Force.The report also showed a 37.1% decrease in opioid prescribing; wider use of state Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs; and increasing numbers of doctors trained to prescribe buprenorphine (a medication used for treating opioid use disorder).The trends indicate that the nature of the nation ’s drug overdose crisis has changed. “The nation’s drug overdose epidemic is now being driven predom...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: AMA AMA Opioid Task Force buprenorphine CDC cocaine fentanyl heroin medication-assisted treatment mental health parity opioid use disorder opioids Patrice Harris stimulants Source Type: research
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