Outcomes of Children With Cystic Fibrosis Admitted to PICUs*

Conclusions: The mortality rate during PICU admissions for patients with cystic fibrosis is lower than has been reported in prior studies, both in the overall cohort and in the subset requiring invasive mechanical ventilation. These data provide updated insight into the prognosis for cystic fibrosis patients requiring critical care.
Source: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine - Category: Pediatrics Tags: Online Clinical Investigations Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 10 October 2020Source: Respiratory Medicine Case ReportsAuthor(s): Vipul Patel, Tilottama Majumdar, Isha Samreen, Harpreet Grewal, Thomas Kaleekal
Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Authors: Zhao N, Xiang Q, Liu Z, Zhao X, Cui Y Abstract INTRODUCTION: There remains an unmet need for better anticoagulants. The phase I clinical trial is of great significance in the development of anticoagulants, and the design is special. This system review aims to provide insights for the design of future phase I clinical trials of anticoagulants. AREAS COVERED: We searched the database PubMed and ClinicalTrail.gov website, to collate the phase I clinical trial of anticoagulants in healthy people. The study protocol, inclusion exclusion criteria, safety and pharmacodynamic indexes were reviewed. EXPERT ...
Source: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Rev Clin Pharmacol Source Type: research
Authors: Fentie K, Wakayo T, Gizaw G Abstract Background: Anemia defined as a low blood hemoglobin concentration is public health importance. The adolescence age group is the most neglected in public health and nutrition research as priorities are usually given to pregnant women, lactating mothers, and their children less than 2 years. Current Ethiopian Food and Nutrition policy included adolescent girls in the most at-risk group for nutritional demands; however, only a few published studies have assessed a deficiency of anemia and associated factors to tackle the intergenerational cycle of malnutrition. Object...
Source: Anemia - Category: Hematology Tags: Anemia Source Type: research
Authors: Gao Y, Xin L, Zhang YT, Guo XR, Meng QQ, Li ZS, Liao Z Abstract Background/Aims: Single-balloon enteroscopy (SBE) has been widely used in diagnosing small bowel disease. We conducted this study to systematically appraise its technical and clinical performance. Methods: Studies on SBE published by September 2018 were systematically searched. Technical and clinical performance data were collected and analyzed with descriptive or meta-analysis methods. Results: In total, 54 articles incorporating 4,592 patients (6,036 procedures) were included. Regarding technical parameters, the pooled insertion dept...
Source: Gut and Liver - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Gut Liver Source Type: research
Authors: Yamaya T, Baba T, Hagiwara E, Ikeda S, Niwa T, Kitayama T, Murohashi K, Higa K, Sato Y, Ogura T Abstract Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been recognized as a worldwide pandemic. However, the clinical course of COVID-19 remains poorly characterized. Although some cases of pneumothorax have been reported, they all had pulmonary complications or were managed with mechanical ventilation. We herein report a case of pneumothorax that developed even though the patient had no pulmonary underlying diseases and had never been managed with mechanical ventilation. In the present case, a lung bulla was found on...
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 8 October 2020Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery: Venous and Lymphatic DisordersAuthor(s): Diba Demir, Reinier Smeets, Geert W.H. Schurink, Barend M.E. Mees
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery: Venous and Lymphatic Disorders - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Study Design. Retrospective review of a database cohort. Objective. To compare short-term outcome measures and complications between single-level posterolateral fusion (PLF), single-level posterior interbody fusion (PLIF/TLIF), and combined single-level PLF+PLIF/TLIF. Summary of Background Data. Both PLF and interbody fusion are well-established procedures for degenerative spinal disease. However, there is lack of consensus as to the ideal surgical approach for specific applications. Additionally, the difference in risk of complications with traditional PLF, interbody fusion with posterior approach, and circumferen...
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: CLINICAL CASE SERIES Source Type: research
AbstractAbstractCancer patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) have significantly greater mortality compared with non-cancer patients. This risk is partly directly attributable to the malignancy; however these patients are frequently undertreated with respect to guideline recommended treatments for ACS due to higher bleeding risks from anemia and thrombocytopenia. Due to exclusion from large clinical trials, there is a paucity of data regarding how to best treat these complex and high-risk patients.Purpose of ReviewTo review the literature and identify risk factors among cancer patients associated with poor outcomes, p...
Source: Current Cardiology Reports - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of reviewLow molecular weight heparin (LMWH) has been the standard of care for patients with cancer-associated thrombosis (CAT) for over 10  years; however, its adoption has been limited. The appearance of direct acting oral anticoagulants (DOACs) revolutionized the treatment of non-cancer venous thromboembolism (VTE) through their attractive fixed dose regimens; however, a lack of dedicated trial experience had relegated their positio n to off-label use in patients with cancer. The goal of this review is to review the evidence that has been generated over the last 3 years for factor Xa inhibitors...
Source: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Conclusion: As we could not identify any other cause for the subacute subdural hematoma, hemorrhage from the meningioma was the most probable cause, and thus, we decided to remove it along with clot evacuation. Based on neuropathological findings, we propose an alternative mechanism for this spontaneous hemorrhage from the meningioma, involving the place where the periphery of the lesion insertion, the dura mater as the origin of the hemorrhage. Knowledge of this association could help define the best treatment in such cases. PMID: 33024602 [PubMed]
Source: Surgical Neurology International - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research
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