Evaluation of Efficacy of Transcutaneous Electronic Nerve Stimulation in Temporomandibular Disorders

There is no consensus in literature about role of transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation (TENS) in chronic pain of TMD. The aim of this poster presentation is to evaluate and compare the effectiveness of TENS therapy for symptomatic relief of chronic pain in specific subgroups (myalgia, disc displacements, arthralgia, and headache attributed to TMJ) of TMD patients. Sixty patients of TMD were included in a study and randomly divided into 2 groups: Group A-TENS group and Group B-Drug group. Thirty patients were given TENS therapy, and 30 patients were given diclofenac sodium 50mg twice daily for 10 days.
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Source Type: research

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Abstract OBJECTIVE: In this experimental study, we aimed to determine whether guided music listening (GML) - a music intervention based on models of mood mediation and attention modulation - modulates masticatory muscle activity and awake bruxism in subjects with chronic painful muscular temporomandibular disorders (TMD myalgia, mTMD), a condition causing a significant burden to patients, their families, and healthcare systems. BACKGROUND: Awake bruxism - a stress behavior characterized by clenching of the teeth - is a strong contributor to chronic mTMD. GML modulates psychological stress and motor responses ...
Source: Headache - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Headache Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: These findings highlight the importance of psychologic functioning in the assessment and management of these overlapping pain conditions. PMID: 32975543 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Orofacial Pain - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Oral Facial Pain Headache Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Atopic disorders, previously recognized as predictors of poor sleep, are associated with COPCs after accounting for sleep problems. PMID: 32975542 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Orofacial Pain - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Oral Facial Pain Headache Source Type: research
Authors: Sharma S, Slade GD, Fillingim RB, Greenspan JD, Rathnayaka N, Ohrbach R Abstract AIMS: To investigate whether TMD-related characteristics are indeed specific to TMD or whether they are also associated with other chronic overlapping pain conditions (COPCs). METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 22 characteristics related broadly to TMD (eg, jaw kinesiophobia, overuse behaviors, and functional limitation) were measured in 178 painful TMD cases who were also classified according to four COPCs: headache, low back pain, irritable bowel syndrome, and fibromyalgia. Differences in mean subscale scores were c...
Source: Journal of Orofacial Pain - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Oral Facial Pain Headache Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: When evaluating nociceptive sensitivity in a chronic pain patient, comorbid pain conditions should be considered, as the more salient feature underlying sensitivity is likely the number rather than the type(s) of pain conditions. PMID: 32975540 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Orofacial Pain - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Oral Facial Pain Headache Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Heat maps from a pain body manikin illustrated that very little of the body was pain free within these COPCs. All pain attributes were the most severe for fibromyalgia and the least severe for irritable bowel syndrome. Within each index COPC, pain intensity, pain interference, and the proportion of participants with high-impact pain increased with each additional comorbid COPC up to four or more COPCs (including the index COPC) (P
Source: Journal of Orofacial Pain - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Oral Facial Pain Headache Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: There was greater overlap between fibromyalgia and either temporomandibular disorders or low back pain than between other pairs of COPCs. While musculoskeletal conditions exhibited some features that could be explained by a single functional syndrome, headache and irritable bowel syndrome did not. PMID: 32975538 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Orofacial Pain - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Oral Facial Pain Headache Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundDifferent pain syndromes may be characterized by different profiles of mediators reflecting pathophysiological differences, and these alterations may be measured in a simple saliva sample. The aims of the current study were to compare concentration of glutamate, serotonin (5-HT), nerve growth factor (NGF), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), and substance P (SP) in saliva and plasma from a well-defined group of patients with chronic temporomandibular disorders myalgia (TMD-myalgia) with a group of pain-free controls, and further investigate the relationship between these markers and clinical charact...
Source: The Journal of Headache and Pain - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
ABSTRACT Background: The relationship of bidirectional comorbidity between chronic migraine and pain in the cephalic segment led us to evaluate the improvement in reducing the pain in patients diagnosed with chronic migraine headache and awake bruxism, when undergoing treatment with a partial posterior interocclusal device designed for the management and control of awake bruxism through biofeedback. Methods: Seventy-four patients were evaluated during the following periods: pretreatment, seven, thirty, ninety, one hundred and eighty days, and one year. The evaluation was carried out by measuring the pain in the pretreatmen...
Source: Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Authors: Zayan K, Felix ER, Galor A Abstract Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) has been used for its analgesic effects for chronic pain, including facial pain. Here, we summarize how the electrical stimulation of branches of the trigeminal nerve via TENS has been utilized to reduce pain resulting from trigeminal neuralgia, temporomandibular joint disorder, migraine and other headache types, and ocular pain sensations. TENS has been used for both short-term (one session) and long-term (multiple sessions) pain control with little to no adverse effects reported by subjects. The results of the summariz...
Source: Progress in Neurological Surgery - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Prog Neurol Surg Source Type: research
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