Pregnancy Myths and Practical Tips.

Pregnancy Myths and Practical Tips. Am Fam Physician. 2020 Oct 01;102(7):420-426 Authors: Caro R, Fast J Abstract For many patients, pregnancy is a highly anticipated and exciting phase of life, but it can also be anxiety provoking. Family physicians can resolve some of this anxiety and promote maternal and fetal health by making specific recommendations at prenatal visits. A daily prenatal vitamin with at least 400 mcg of folic acid and 30 mg of elemental iron should be recommended to promote neurologic and musculoskeletal fetal development. Weight gain in pregnancy should be guided by preconception body mass index. People who are underweight should gain 28 to 40 lb, those who have a normal weight should gain 25 to 35 lb, and those who are overweight or obese should gain 15 to 25 lb or 11 to 20 lb, respectively. A well-balanced diet including omega-3 fatty acids should be encouraged. Unpasteurized foods should be avoided during pregnancy because of the risk of listeriosis. Caffeine intake should be limited to 200 mg per day (about two small cups of coffee), and artificial sweeteners should be avoided. Pregnant patients should be encouraged to engage in regular cardiovascular activity for at least 150 minutes per week. Bed rest is not recommended. Sex can be continued throughout an uncomplicated pregnancy. Avoidance of alcohol and marijuana is recommended. The effects of hair dye or hair straightening products on fetal development or neonatal outcomes ar...
Source: American Family Physician - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Am Fam Physician Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 30 January 2020Source: European Journal of Obstetrics &Gynecology and Reproductive BiologyAuthor(s): Alessio D’Angelo, Mauro Ceccanti, Carla Petrella, Antonio Greco, Paola Tirassa, Pamela Rosso, Massimo Ralli, Giampiero Ferraguti, Marco Fiore, Marisa Patrizia MessinaAbstractNeurotrophins (NTs) are a family of polypeptides whose functions have been extensively studied in the past two decades. In particular, Nerve Growth Factor (NGF) and Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) play a major role in the development, nutrition and growth of the central and peripheral nervous system ...
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Conclusion The periconceptional environment and lifestyle factors modify sperm epigenome. This alteration might be maintained in the zygote and throughout development, thereby leading to the inheritance of newly acquired pathologies. The role of sperm miRNA, not only as innovative markers of fertility issues but also as vectors involved in the inheritance of paternal diseases, appears to be crucial. Overweight and obesity seem to alter sperm miRNA profile, thereby leading to transmission of different miRNA profiles in zygote, with consequences on embryo development. In long term, metabolic disorders have been described in...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
DiscussionIf effective, the Baby Steps programme could be translated into a primary care-based intervention that women with GDM are referred to in the postnatal period. This could help them make lifestyle changes that could reduce their future risk of T2D.Trial registrationISRCTN,ISRCTN17299860. Registered on 5 April 2017.
Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conclusion The results obtained from this research shows, in general, the fragility in the social and political infrastructure necessary to improve the living conditions of populations, particularly those that depend on family agriculture in drought prone areas. The conditions of social, economic and environmental vulnerabilities presented in the region can be amplified by the drought process, and can aggravate the impacts resulting drought events, thus disadvantaging the population of this region, as shown in the Fig. 1. The general perception of the interviewees of the health sector shows an agreement with what is found...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: research
Location:College of Medicine, Veterinary and Life Sciences, Glasgow, United KingdomSalary:A stipend of£14,553& tuition feesClosing Date:10 January 2018 Supervisors: Dr Michelle Bellingham, Dr Amanda Drake, Prof Paul A. FowlerProject details: The fetal environment plays a key role in programming normal brain development in the womb. Maternal lifestyle factors such as malnutrition, obesity, smoking and alcohol consumption are associated with altered brain development and behaviour, including attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and anxiety disorders in the o...
Source: Society for Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: news
Conclusion: Our results link transportation noise exposure to development of obesity and suggest that combined exposure from different sources may be particularly harmful. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP1910 Received: 17 March 2017 Revised: 5 October 2017 Accepted: 9 October 2017 Published: 20 November 2017 Address correspondence to A. Pyko, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, SE-171 77 Stockholm, Sweden. Telephone: 46(0) 852487561. Email: Andrei.pyko@ki.se Supplemental Material is available online (https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP1910). The authors declare they have no actual or potential competing fina...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
AbstractSTUDY QUESTIONWhat is the impact of preconception lifestyle interventions on live birth, birth weight and pregnancy rate?SUMMARY ANSWERLifestyle interventions showed benefits for weight loss and increased natural pregnancy rate, but not for live birth or birth weight.WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADYEvidence on the practice and content of preconception counseling and interventions is variable and limited.STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATIONSystematic review and meta-analysis (MA). Main search terms were those related to preconception lifestyle. Database searched were Ovid MEDLINE(R), EBM Reviews, PsycINFO, EMBASE and CINAHL Plus. No l...
Source: Human Reproduction - Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusion: Prenatal urinary BPA concentration was associated with some aspects of child behavior in this cohort, and some associations were stronger among boys. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP984 Received: 18 August 2016 Revised: 09 December 2016 Accepted: 12 December 2016 Published: 16 June 2017 Address correspondence to Joseph M. Braun, Department of Epidemiology, Box G-S121-2, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912 USA. Telephone: (401) 863-5397. E-mail: joseph_braun_1@brown.edu Supplemental Material is available online (https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP984). The authors declare they have no actual or potential competing fi...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Conclusion: Suvorexant treatment resulted in overall improvement in the quality of sleep and the severity of anxiety and depression. This dual orexin antagonist may be related to autonomic functions and neuroendocrine systems, especially in the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis in psychiatric subjects. Introduction The hypothalamus plays a critical role in the integrated control of sleep/wakefulness, thermogenesis, and energy homeostasis, and the lateral hypothalamus area (LHA) in this region has been regarded as an important center for arousal and feeding.[1] The neuropeptide orexin A and orexin B (also known as hypocre...
Source: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Anxiety Disorders Current Issue Depression Original Research Psychiatry Psychopharmacology Sleep Disorders Autonomic nervous insomnia neuroendocrine orexin antagonist suvorexant Source Type: research
Discussion Fatigue is a subjective feeling of decreased energy, tiredness or feeling of exhaustion. Lethargy is often used synonymously, but lethargy is a state of being drowsiness or sleepy, and implies mental status changes. Both can cause the person to be apathetic or less active. Fatigue is a common state that almost everyone experiences multiple times in his or her lifetime. For most people it is a relatively acute or short-term chronic problem, often with a relatively easily identifiable problem cause, such as inadequate sleep, acute illness, or overexertion. For some, it can be less readily identifiable such as dep...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
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